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49395565

 

Are you hiring the right kind of software developer?

That might seem like a ridiculous question considering developers are in short supply around the world. In fact, a recent survey on software developer hiring highlighted the high demand for developers. On average, developers get 11 headhunter calls a year. But with the explosion of low-code/no-code development platforms, a rapidly changing technology landscape and a strong move to DevOps, it’s more important than ever that the assembled developer team fits the job description.

In the old days, it was enough to know a developer had programming chops and knowledge of the latest tools. Today, everything from communication skills to experience on the business side, an ability to integrate and a deep understanding of user experience all need to be on the résumé. And that’s just for starters.

What’s not necessarily on that résumé is a computer science degree. Jeffrey Hammond, a principal analyst at Forrester Research, pointed out that he’s seeing more and more developers at conferences without traditional development backgrounds. Part of the reason is the tools that make it easier than ever to code — low-code/no-code platforms — and part of it is that the job of the developer itself is changing.

“Salesforce is building a community of developers right now without traditional backgrounds,” he explained. So a key question to ask yourself about software developer hiring is whether those traditional backgrounds are really what will get the job done in your organization.

Also keep in mind whether you need truly custom software. In the recent Harvey Nash 2017 Technology Survey, 47% of the 3,000 participants said custom software is in decline. Even two years ago, that thought would have been dismissed as crazy. But between low-code/no-code platforms, easy access to APIs and the move to microservices, the idea of using building blocks created by others and essentially rearranging them to make new software is no longer far-fetched.

If a custom product doesn’t add value to your organization, then why choose — and pay a huge premium for — a full-fledged developer? Instead, you’ll want to look for someone who is more of an integrator, comfortable with weaving bits and pieces together to create the right solution. That person often won’t have a traditional development background, but on the flip side, you’ll avoid paying the higher salary — or “hiring tax” — for a software developer.

Sometimes, you’ll need serious development chops, but only for a particular job. That’s what happened to Lucy Warner, CEO at the U.K.’s National Health Service (NHS) Practitioner Health Programme. Her users are NHS doctors looking for physicians to treat them, but they don’t want to go to a close working colleague or a former fellow medical school student. She needed an app that would let them find local doctors but with sufficient information to ensure they’d feel comfortable with their choice. And she wanted to use the “swipe right, swipe left” interface that’s become ubiquitous.

The only problem is her IT team didn’t have the skills to make this happen. She reached out to low-code platform maker Out Systems and a third-party development team from Portugal that had already created about 70% of the type of app that she wanted. In nine weeks, the app was up and running. “It was fantastic,” Warner said. “We didn’t have to hire a single staffer or look for more space. And our patients love it; the feedback is wonderful.”

For companies in the throes of software developer hiring and needing classic development skills, it’s still important to match the business need with the skill set. Despite the custom development pessimism, the Harvey Nash survey indicated that 36% of respondents believe this type of development will continue to grow. But the survey also suggested that custom software development won’t necessarily be used across the board — 56% said it’s going to be used to drive innovation. And for those respondents already working for “highly innovative companies,” the percentage jumped to 67%.

Likewise, keep in mind that DevOps and its probable successor BizDevOpstweak developer requirements substantially. Even with software developer hiring today in DevOps shops, Forrester’s Hammond is seeing a split between front-end and back-end developers. In a BizDevOps team, the lines could be drawn even finer. His bottom line: Get ready for a time of intense specialization when it comes to the development team.

But also be ready to know software developer hiring will remain competitive, perhaps indefinitely. “Businesses embracing technology and those who choose to be digital-product focused need strong engineers to help them execute ideas,” said David Savage, associate director of Harvey Nash. “[T]he need to compete also sees increased importance on being different from peers.”

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It’s hard to believe that only two decades ago, cell phones were luxury items that were too expensive and/or clunky to be marketable. Today, it is no small stretch to say cell phones are an intractable facet of modern life—we use them not only to make calls and send text messages, but also to browse the web, make payments, and navigate the world.

Yet as cell phone technologies have become more sophisticated, so have the ways they can be used to violate the privacy of their users. Indeed, cell phones are one of the most powerful surveillance tools ever created, a portal for law enforcement authorities to spy on the communications and location of cell phone owners without much difficulty. Denver Gingerich, a programmer in New York City, wants to change that.

Earlier this year, Gingerich published the code for Sopranica, a DIY, surveillance-free cell phone network. At the moment, it consists of a protocol that allows anyone to register for a phone number to make calls and send texts over the internet totally anonymously. In the future, this protocol will be paired with a network of small radio devices run by members of a community that will replace users’ reliance on cell phone towers run by telecommunications companies.

Although just released to the public in January, Gingerich said he’s been working on Sopranica for years.

“I used landlines growing up, but I ended up going to a university far from where I grew up and I decided long distance would cost too much when I wanted to call home,” Gingerich told me.

To get around this issue, Gingerich bought a session initiation protocol (SIP) hard phone, which is basically like a normal telephone except it makes calls over the internet. He then bought a SIP ATA for his parents, which converts normal phones into devices that can make calls over the internet. Voilà: he was able to do long distance calls with his family over the internet and avoid the steep calling fees.

In 2009, not too long after Gingerich had graduated from university, he discovered Google Voice, which allowed him to text his friends’ cell phones from his laptop. For calling, he stuck with his SIP hard phone. This worked well enough for a few years, but Gingerich realized he couldn’t depend on Google to keep their VoIP service alive forever.

“As Google built and killed projects, I started to get a little anxious about the viability of Google Voice in the long term,” Gingerich told me. “So I started building the first version of Sopranica and that became my replacement for Google Voice.”

This initial prototype, which Gingerich began using around 2014, laid the foundations for JMP, the version of Sopranica he released earlier this year. Using JMP, anyone can visit Sopranica’s website, get a free phone number, and then download any app that can run an open-source instant messaging client called Jabber on their normal cell phone. Neither JMP nor Jabber requires identifying information to register, which means that anyone can get a cell phone number that isn’t linked to their real name for free and anonymous calling and text messaging.

At the moment, Gingerich is working with 15 collaborators from around the world to develop the next phase of Sopranica, called WOM. WOM will consist of small radio units that anyone can buy and plug into their internet router at home. These radio units can then be placed in windows or on the outside of buildings to act as internet access points for anyone on the Sopranica network. This will essentially create the physical infrastructure necessary for Sopranica to expand.

For near-field communications, Gingerich also plans on developing a meshing protocol to allow Sopranica users to pass data from user to user until it reaches its destination.

The next phase of Sopranica is still in development and it will likely be several months, if not years, before it is widely deployed enough to actually use.

“The biggest challenge is just getting people motivated to switch away from their existing cell carriers,” Gingerich said. “We want to replace all aspects of the cell phone network with their freedom-respecting equivalents so we can have the same functionality without having to give up all of that privacy that we have to give up right now. I foresee that taking place in a lot of ways, but most of them are further down the road.”

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PHP 7.2, the latest version of the popular server-side web development language, has numerous features and fixes.

The November 30, 2017, release is the second feature update to the PHP 7 series. PHP 7.0 debuted in December 2015 to much fanfare, with the upgrade offering double the performance of previous PHP iterations.

New security features in PHP 7.2
The PHP 7.2 release offers multiple security improvements:

The Argon2 algorithm for securely hashing passwords addresses downsides of current algorithms in that it was designed for the highest memory filling rate.
The Libsodium cryptography library, for authenticated encryption, is now a core extension. The library also offers high-speed elliptic cryptography.
SSL/TLS (Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security) constants have been improved.
The Mcrypt cryptography library extension has been removed. PHP’s developers have said Mcrypt has inhibited the growth of the PHP language and serves as “abandonware.”
Improved programming features in PHP 7.2
PHP 7.2 has several new and enhanced programming capabilities:

Conversion of numeric keys in object/array casts addresses an issue with the Zend Engine, which powers PHP 7. The engine has had cases where array hash tables can contain numeric strings while object hash tables can have integer keys. In such cases, PHP code can’t find the keys. With the fix in PHP 7.2, keys of arrays or object hash tables are converted as appropriate, so numeric string property names in objects become integer array keys and vice versa, solving the issue of inaccessible properties.
Object typehints fix a situation in which a developer can’t declare a function that needs to be passed an object as a parameter or declare that a function should return an object. The fix uses object as a parameter type and as a return type.
HashContext as Object migrates the hash extension to use an object extension for hash contexts instead of using resources.
A new warning has been added when calling the count () function with a parameter that is a scalar, a parameter that is null, or an object that does not implement the Countable interface.

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Credits : Bleepingcomputer

Credits : Bleepingcomputer

 

PHP got a whole lot more secure this week with the release of the 7.2 branch, a version that improves and modernizes the programming language’s support for cryptography and password hashing algorithms.

Of all, the most significant change in PHP 7.2 is, by far, the support for Argon2, a password hashing algorithm [1, 2, 3] developed in the early 2010s and which won the Password Hashing Competition in 2015 [1, 2].

Argon2 beat 23 other algorithms to win the Password Hashing Competition, and is now in the midst of becoming a universally recognized Internet standard at the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the reward for winning the contest.

Argon2 considered superior to Bcrypt
The algorithm is currently considered to be superior to Bcrypt, today’s most widely used password hashing function, in terms of both security and cost-effectiveness.

Besides password hashing functions, the algorithm is also ideal for proof-of-work operations, used with modern electronic (crypto)currencies.

Starting with PHP 7.2, released on Thursday, Argon2 v1.3 has been added to the PHP core, and developers can use it via the password_hash() function.

Mcrypt out, Libsodium in
The other major change in PHP 7.2 was the removal of the old Mcrypt cryptographic library from the PHP core and the addition of Libsodium, a more modern alternative.

This modification came after a suggestion made by Scott Arciszewski, Chief Development Officer at Paragon Initiative Enterprises.

“Let’s get rid of ext/mcrypt, which is abandonware and inhibits the growth of the language, as soon as humanly possible,” Arciszewski wrote in early 2016.

“Libmcrypt hasn’t been touched in eight years (last release was in 2007), leaving OpenSSL as the only viable option for PHP 5.x and 7.0 users,” the expert also added. “Libsodium is a modern cryptography library that offers authenticated encryption, high-speed elliptic curve cryptography, and much more. Unlike other cryptography standards (which are a potluck of cryptography primitives; i.e. WebCrypto), Libsodium is comprised of carefully selected algorithms implemented by security experts to avoid side-channel vulnerabilities. ”

Bleeping Computer had a chat with Mr. Arciszewski this past February about Libsodium’s addition to PHP when work started on the early dev versions of the PHP 7.2 code. At the time, PHP became the first programming language to embed a modern cryptography library in its core distribution, instead of a plug-in.

Despite being the butt of all jokes in the programming world for the last decade, PHP has become quite faster and more secure since the release of version 7.x in late 2015.

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PHP received a shot in the arm with the release of a new version of the programming language that provides support for an improved password hashing algorithm and includes high-speed cryptography.

The release of PHP 7.2 includes support for the algorithm Argon2 and provides strong benefits in comparison to existing techniques. The update to the PHP programming language also replaces an outmoded cryptographic library with a modern version known as Libsodium.

Developers and IT decision-makes should view the update as welcome news since many business websites still rely on PHP programming techniques.

Understanding the Benefits of Argon2
The password hashing algorithm Argon2 has been added to the newly updated PHP core. Password hashing is one of the most basic security elements developers must consider when designing applications that accept passwords from users.

A strong hashing algorithm reduces the risk of an attacker being able to determine the original password while still allowing a database to compare the resulting hash in the long term. Argon2 is believed to offer a better alternative to bcrypt, Bleeping Computer reported, in terms of both cost efficiency and security.

Argon2, which defeated more than 20 algorithms to win the Password Hashing Competition in 2015, is now recognized as a universal internet standard by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), according to Bleeping Computer. It is also ideal for the data-based protective measures used in cryptocurrencies.

The Plus Points of Libsodium
The PHP development team announced the availability of PHP 7.2 at the end of November. The release includes a range of improvements in addition to the inclusion of Argon2.

Among the most notable of these advancements was the ejection of the mcrypt cryptographic library from the core and its replacement with Libsodium. PHP’s developers have previously suggested that mcrypt, which was last updated almost a decade ago, was inhibiting the growth of the language and should be removed as quickly as possible.

InfoWorld reported that the Libsodium cryptography library is now a core extension in PHP 7.2 and provides high-speed elliptic cryptography.

Protecting Users and Data From PHP Programming Flaws
Late last year, security specialists unearthed three PHP vulnerabilities that could have had serious consequences for organizations and consumers worldwide. Then, earlier this year, reports surfaced about a rootkit that hides inside a PHP module and attacks servers through Apache modules. That was followed by fears that unfinished installations of WordPress could give attackers admin access.

IT managers must be aware of these risks and welcome the updated version of PHP. The Libsodium library should be developers’ go-to source for application-layer cryptography. Its addition to PHP is a crucial step toward implementing more concrete security for the programming language.

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kbc-discount-coupons
In marketing, a coupon is a ticket or document that can be redeemed for a financial discount or rebate when purchasing a product.
Customarily, coupons are issued by manufacturers of consumer packaged goods or by retailers, to be used in retail stores as a part of sales promotions. They are often widely distributed through mail, coupon envelopes, magazines, newspapers, the Internet (social media, email newsletter), directly from the retailer, and mobile devices such as cell phones. Since only price conscious consumers are likely to spend the time to claim the savings, coupons function as a form of price discrimination, enabling retailers to offer a lower price only to those consumers who would otherwise go elsewhere. In addition, coupons can also be targeted selectively to regional markets in which price competition is great.
In government, a coupon is a paper certificate used to administer a benefit or permission.
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Crowdfunding is the practice of funding a project or venture by raising many small amounts of money from a large number of people, typically via the Internet. Crowdfunding is a form of crowdsourcing and of alternative finance. In 2015, it was estimated that worldwide over US$34 billion was raised this way.

Although similar concepts can also be executed through mail-order subscriptions, benefit events, and other methods, the term crowdfunding refers to Internet-mediated registries.This modern crowdfunding model is generally based on three types of actors: the project initiator who proposes the idea and/or project to be funded, individuals or groups who support the idea, and a moderating organization (the “platform”) that brings the parties together to launch the idea.

Crowdfunding has been used to fund a wide range for-profit entrepreneurial ventures such as artistic and creative projects, medical expenses, travel, or community-oriented social entrepreneurship projects.

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Bookselling is the commercial trading of books, the retail and distribution end of the publishing process. People who engage in bookselling are called booksellers, bookwomen, or bookmen. The founding of libraries in 300 BC stimulated the energies of the Athenian booksellers. In Rome, toward the end of the republic, it became the fashion to have a library, and Roman booksellers carried on a flourishing trade.

The spread of Christianity naturally created a great demand for copies of the Gospels, other sacred books, and later on for missals and other devotional volumes for both church and private use. The modern system of bookselling dates from soon after the introduction of printing. In the course of the 16th and 17th centuries the Low Countries for a time became the chief centre of the bookselling world. Modern book selling has changed dramatically with the advent of the Internet. With major websites such as Amazon, eBay, and other big book distributors offering affiliate programs, book sales have now, more than ever, been put in the hands of the small business owner.

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A travel website is a website on the world wide web that is dedicated to travel. The site may be focused on travel reviews, trip fares, or a combination of both. Approximately seventy million consumers researched travel plans online in July 2006.Travel bookings are the single largest component of e-commerce, according to Forrester Research.

Individual airlines, hotels, bed and breakfasts, cruise lines, automobile rental companies, and other travel-related service providers often maintain their own web sites providing retail sales. Many with complex offerings include some sort of search engine technology to look for bookings within a certain timeframe, service class, geographic location, or price range.

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Free-Stock-Photos

 

Stock photography is the supply of photographs, which are often licensed for specific uses.The stock photo industry, which began to gain hold in the 1920s,has established models including traditional macrostock photography,midstock photography,and microstock photography.Conventional stock agencies charge from several hundred to several thousand American dollars per image, while microstock photography may sell for around USD 25 cents.Professional stock photographers traditionally place their images with one or more stock agencies on a contractual basis,while stock agencies may accept the high-quality photos of amateur photographers through online submission.

Themes for stock photos are diverse, although Megan Garber of The Atlantic wrote in 2012 that “one of the more wacky/wondrous elements of stock photos is the manner in which, as a genre, they’ve developed a unifying editorial sensibility. To see a stock image is… to know you’re seeing a stock image.”
Historically notable traditional stock photo agencies have included RobertStock, the Bettman Archive in New York,and the Hulton Archive in the United Kingdom among many others.In the 1990s companies such as Photodisc in Seattle, Washington began selling CD ROMs with packs of images, pioneering the royalty free licensing system at a time when rights managed licensing was the norm in the stock industry.There was a great amount of consolidation among stock photo agencies between 1990 and the mid-2000s, particularly through Corbis and Getty Images.The early microstock company iStockphoto was founded in May 2000,followed by companies such as Dreamstime,fotoLibra,Can Stock Photo,Shutterstock, and Fotolia.

 

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