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Learning new skills takes time – that’s why, before learning something, you need to know that what you’re learning is going to be worthwhile. This is particularly true when deciding which programming language to learn.

As we approach the new year, it’s a good time to reflect on our top learning priorities for 2019. But which programming should you learn in 2019?

We’ve put together a list of the top programming languages to learn in the new year – as well as reasons you should learn them, and some suggestions for how you can get started. This will help you take steps to expand your skill set in 2019 in the way that’s right for you.

Python

Python has been a growing programming language for some time and it shows no signs of disappearing. There are a number of reasons for this, but the biggest is the irresistible allure of artificial intelligence. Once you know Python, performing some relatively sophisticated deep learning tasks becomes relatively easy, not least because of the impressive ecosystem of tools that surround it, like TensorFlow.

But Python’s importance isn’t just about machine learning. It’s flexibility means it has a diverse range of applications. If you’re a full-stack developer, for example, you might find Python useful for developing backend services and APIs; equally, if you’re in security or SRE, Python can be useful for automating aspects of your infrastructure to keep things secure and reliable.

Put simply, Python is a useful addition to your skill set.

Learn Python in 2019 if…

  • You’re new to software development
  • You want to try your hand at machine learning
  • You want to write automation scripts

Go

Go isn’t quite as popular as Python, but it is growing rapidly. And its fans are incredibly vocal about why they love it: it’s incredibly simple, yet also amazingly powerful.

The reason for this is its creation: it was initially developed by Google that wanted a programming language that could handle the complexity of the systems they were developing, without adding to complexity in terms of knowledge and workflows.

Combining the best aspects of functional and object oriented programming, as well as featuring a valuable set of in-built development tools, the language is likely to only go from strength to strength over the next 12 months.

Learn Go in 2019 if…

  • You’re a backend or full-stack developer looking to increase your language knowledge
  • You’re working in ops or SRE
  • Looking for an alternative to Python
  • Rust

    In Stack Overflow’s 2018 developer survey Rust was revealed to be the best loved language among the developers using it. 80% of respondents said they loved using it or wanted to use it.

    Now, while Rust lacks the simplicity of Go and Python, it does do what it sets out to do very well – systems programming that’s fast, efficient, and secure.

    In fact, developers like to debate the merits of Rust and Go – it seems they occupy the minds of very similar developers. However, while they do have some similarities, there are key differences that should make it easier to decide which one you learn.

    At a basic level, Rust is better for lower level programming, while Go will allow you to get things done quickly. Rust does have a lot of rules, all of which will help you develop incredibly performant applications, but this does mean it has a steeper learning curve than something like Go. Ultimately it will depend on what you want to use the language for and how much time you have to learn something new.

    Learn Rust in 2019 if…

    • You want to know why Rust developers love it so much
    • You do systems programming
    • You have a bit of time to tackle its learning curve

      TypeScript

      TypeScript has quietly been gaining popularity over recent years. But it feels like 2018 has been the year that it has really broke through to capture the imagination of the wider developer community. Perhaps it’s just Satya Nadella’s magic…

      More likely, however, it’s because we’re now trying to do too much with plain oldJavaScript. We simply can’t build applications of the complexity we want without drowning in lines of code.

      Essentially, TypeScript bulks up JavaScript, and makes it suitable for building applications of the future. It’s no surprise that TypeScript is now fundamental to core JavaScript frameworks – even Google decided to use it in Angular.

      But it’s not just for front end JavaScript developers – there are examples of Java and C#developers looking closely at TypeScript, as it shares many features with established statically typed languages.

      Learn TypeScript in 2019 if…

      • You’re a JavaScript developer
      • You’re a Java or C# developer looking to expand their horizons

Scala

Scala has been around for some time, but its performance gains over Java have seen it growing in popularity in recent years. It isn’t the easiest language to learn – in comparison with other Java-related languages, like Kotlin, which haven’t strayed far from its originator,Scala is almost an attempt to rewrite the rule book.

It’s a good multi-purpose programming language that brings together functional programming principles and the object oriented principles you find in Java. It’s also designed for concurrency, giving you a scale of power that just isn’t possible.

The one drawback of Scala is that it doesn’t have the consistency in its ecosystem in the way that, say, Java does. This does mean, however, that Scala expertise can be really valuable if you have the time to dedicate time to really getting to know the language.

Learn Scala in 2019 if…

  • You’re looking for an alternative to Java that’s more scalable and handles concurrency much better
  • You’re working with big data

Swift

Swift started life as a replacement for Objective-C for iOS developers. While it’s still primarily used by those in the Apple development community, there are some signs thatSwift could expand beyond its beginnings to become a language of choice for server and systems programming.

The core development team have consistently demonstrated they have a sense of purpose is building a language fit for the future, with versions 3 and 4 both showing significant signs of evolution.

Fast, relatively easy to learn, and secure, not only has Swift managed to deliver on its brief to offer a better alternative to Objective-C, it also looks well-suited to many of the challenges programmers will be facing in the years to come.

Learn Swift in 2019 if…

  • You want to build apps for Apple products
  • You’re interested in a new way to write server code

Kotlin

It makes sense for Kotlin to follow Swift. The parallels between the two are notable; it might be crude, but you could say that Kotlin is to Java what Swift is to Objective-C.

There are, of course, some who feel that the comparison isn’t favorable, with accusations that one language is merely copying the other, but perhaps the similarities shouldn’t really be that surprising – they’re both trying to do the same things: provide a better alternative to what already exists.

Regardless of the debates, Kotlin is a particularly compelling language if you’re a Java developer. It works extremely well, for example, with Spring Boot to develop web services. Certainly as monolithic Java applications shift into microservices, Kotlin is only going to become more popular.

Learn Kotlin in 2019 if…

  • You’re a Java developer that wants to build better apps, faster
  • You want to see what all the fuss is about from the Android community

C

Most of the languages on this list are pretty new, but I’m going to finish with a classic that refuses to go away.

C has a reputation for being complicated and hard to learn, but it remains relevant because you can find it in so much of the software we take for granted. It’s the backbone of our operating systems, and used in everyday objects that have software embedded in them.

Together, this means C is a language worth learning because it gives you an insight into how software actually works on machines. In a world where abstraction and accessibility rules the software landscape, getting beneath everything can be extremely valuable.

Learn C in 2019 if…

You’re looking for a new challenge
You want to gain a deeper understanding of how software works on your machine
You’re interested in developing embedded systems and virtual reality projects

 

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Credits : Business2community

 

To become a great Java developer, knowing the programming language is not enough. You must be excellent in Java programming and coding to make a good application.

This year, in 2019, just don’t sit around with the same level of Java programming skills, rather hone your Java skills to become the best Java Programmer.

Since Java is one of the hottest programming languages, remember that you are not alone in the competition. According to a report, there are around 9 million of enthusiastic Java developers in the world, who have good insight on technology, and they are also willing to learn new developments in Java, such as Java 8, JDK 10, and JVM internals.

For a Java app development company to overlook all of them and hire you as their new Java software developer, who will help them make a robust Java application needs some difference in skills, efficiency, and perspective on your part.

So, if you are seeking to know how to get better at Java, then you have reached the right place. Here, we will share you 7 impressive tips to become a great Java Developer in 2019, focusing on new updates in Java such as Cloud Native Java, Kotlin, Code and Design Patterns.

But before we go ahead, here are some interesting facts that state why Java programmers are in such a high demand.

Facts: Why Companies Hire Java Developers For their Critical Software Projects

Here’s a list of interesting facts that make Java so popular and increase the demand of Java Developers.

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Java is now managed by Oracle, a thriving American multinational computer technology corporation. Means there is a lot of scope for Java in terms of growth as a platform and its core APIs. Java’s latest major release is the Platform Standard Edition 8.
  • Java is ranked #2 in popularity after C. The language ranked first in the rankings of software developers as the best choice of programming languages.
  • About 3 billion mobile phones, 125 million TV sets and each Blu-Ray player are working in Java.
  • Google’s Android operating system also uses Java APIs.
  • Since this open source code programming language is used both in software and web development, it is no surprise that 95% of enterprises use Java for programming. That is more than C and other languages put together.

These facts highlight why Java is so important for enterprises, regardless of size. And if you want to get hired as Java Developer, you must possess extraordinary Java Development skills.

Here is a list of 7 useful tips for Java mobile app and web developers. These tips are equally useful for companies looking to hire Java Developer, as it will give them a glimpse of what skills they should be seeking in a good Java Programmer.

List of 7 Useful Tips to Become a Great Developer in 2019

Java is used to build a comprehensive range of applications and platforms for a myriad of devices, including Smartphones, Computers, Laptops, Gaming Consoles, Car Navigation Systems, Lottery Terminals, Blu-ray Players, and more. Here is the list of Java tips that will help you to give an idea of how you can improve on your Java development skills to build applications for these devices.

Learn Java 8

There are many Java Developers in the market with the 7 to 8 years’ experience, and still not comfortable to write a code using Java 8 features such as Lambda Expressions, Java Stream API, used for bulk data operations on collections, and various Default Methods.

If you get a strong command over Java 8 features, you can overpass so many Java Developers out there, with little or no knowledge of Java 8.

Java 8 was first launched on 18th March 2014, and now Oracle has decided to end the ongoing support plans for Java Standard Edition 8. Businesses need to get a commercial license to receive Java Updates after Jan 2019. Although, public updates for Java SE 8 will be available for individual, personal use through at least the end of 2020, which is the good news for Freelance Java Developers.

Key Features of Java 8 to Learn

  • Default and Static Method in Interfaces: Using Default and Static keyword, Java Developers can create interfaces with method implementation.
  • forEach() method in Iterable interface: In Java 8, a new forEach method in java.lang.Iterable interface has been introduced, which enables developers to focus on business logic while writing code. forEach method takes java.util.function.Consumer object as argument, that allows keeping business logic separately at a different location, so that it can be reused later.
  • Functional Interfaces and Lambda Expressions: Functional interfaces are a new concept introduced in Java 8. An interface with exactly one abstract method becomes Functional Interface. @FunctionalInterface annotation is a facility to avoid accidental addition of abstract methods in the functional interfaces.
  • Java Stream API:A new java.util.stream in Java 8 has been added to perform filter/map/reduce like operations with the collection. The new Stream API will enable developers to manage sequential as well as parallel execution.

Become a Pro at Java APIs and Libraries

Java is one of the most mature programming languages in the world, with 2nd largest StackOverflow community. The community plays an integral role in creating a Java ecosystem.

Java APIs and Libraries form a major part of this ecosystem. Knowing about key APIs and Libraries, including Java Development Kit and Third-party Libraries is one of the key traits of a great Java developer.

Java SE documentation contains detailed, developer-targeted descriptions and references on Java API, including workarounds and working code examples.

It is not expected from a Java application developer to learn all the APIs and know about every element in the library. Only that the developer, whether a Freelance Java Developer or one working for Java Development Company, must be aware of crucial APIs and Libraries.

Among thousands of Java Libraries, here are the top 10 well-documented libraries that are open source and free for use.

Top 10 Java Libraries

  • Java Standard Libraries: Contains a vast set of collections and data structures, and elements required for Java application development project
  • JHipster: Used for generating, develop and deploy Spring Boot + Angular Web applications and Spring microservices
  • Maven: Used for managing project dependencies, configurations and build configuration and documentation
  • Apache Commons: Product-focused libraries with components allowing advanced mathematics and statistics operations and computations
  • Guava: Google Core Libraries for Java, used for extending the basic Java collections functionalities
  • google-gson: Useful for converting Java Objects to JSON and vice versa
  • Hibernate-ORM: Used for persisting of data in relational databases
  • Mockito: Used for creating mocks and write tests easier with simpler and cleaner code
  • Junit: Used for conducting repeatable tests on your code
  • Log4j and Slf4j: Simple logging frameworks

When it comes to Java APIs, the core Java API contains Android (Google), SE (OpenJDK and Oracle), MicroEJ (IS2T), whereas optional APIs are defined by organizations such as Alljoyn, OSGi, Eclipse, JCP, E-S-R, etc.

Here, you don’t have to learn all the libraries, instead, focus on maximum 2 or 3, but also gain the knowledge of all these libraries and how they can help you in a particular project.

Explore Spring Framework (Spring Boot)

This Java platform is important for every Java Application Developer

It enables the developers to build applications from plain old Java objects” (POJOs) and also useful for Java SE programming model.

These days, most of the Java Development Companies use Spring framework such as Spring Boot, Spring MVC, and Spring Cloud for developing a web application, microservices, and REST APIs.

You will find that a great Java Developer is familiar with all the Spring platform advantages such as: making a Java method execute in a database transaction, making a local Java method a remote procedure, and making a local Java method a management operation.

Enhance Your Unit Testing Skills

You will find advanced unit testing skills in every professional Java programmer. It is this skill that distinguishes good Java programmer from average Java programmer.

A professional Java developer always writes unit tests for their code, which helps in validating code results in the state testing or behavior testing.

If you are seeking a good Java Application Developer, please make sure that the developer has the familiarity with a wide range of tools for unit testing, automation testing, performance testing, and integration testing.

Professional Java developers, who already have experience with Java, it is time for you to improve your skills on software unit tests to verify the logic of a piece of a software program.

Beginners can start with Junit, the latest version of which is JUnit 5, which is easy but powerful.

Focus on JVM Internals

Even if you are a beginner in Java Application Development you must have some working knowledge Java Virtual Machine (JVM), which is a crucial element of JRE (Java Runtime Environment).

If you understand JVM, means you understand Java better.

Learning JVM will help you solve complex problems during programming.

For becoming a great Java Developer, learn how JVM works, JVM system threads, how JVM executes JAVA bytecode, and the order of execution. Some other key aspects that you must be aware of to hone your Java skills in 2019 are JVM stack restrictions and common mistakes that most of the Java Developers make.

Improve Your Working Knowledge of Design Patterns

If you are an experienced object-oriented software developer, you must be aware of the importance of Design Patterns in Software Development.

Design pattern shows the relation between classes and object. A systematic naming of the objects and classes helps in addressing the recurring problem in the object-oriented systems.

Every great Java Developer knows and incorporates design patterns in their code to make the application flexible and changeable.

There are two goals of learning design pattern:

  • Identify and understand the problem in the application and associate it with some pattern.
  • Reuse of old interface or make the existing design more usable for future purposes.

Whether you are a freelance Java developer or working as a regular employer, you must have an in-depth understanding of design patterns.

Learn JVM Languages

The way learning new languages helps you in personal and professional life, exactly the same way, learning programming languages other than Java help in Java application development.

Kotlin is a statically typed programming language that runs on the Java virtual machine and also can be compiled to JavaScript source code or use the LLVM compiler infrastructure.

Java enthusiasts must learn JVM languages, such as Scala, Groovy, and Kotlin to become a Polyglot developer.

By learning new programming languages, you can compare the advantages and disadvantages better, which will further enable you to write better code. Besides, it will also help into Android development.

Final Thoughts

If you want to become a pro at Java and value learning new Java programming and coding skills, then explore the new features Java 8, while also learn new programming languages to enhance your skill. Of course, it is not possible to learn everything at once, so start picking one and gradually move to next. The best would be to focus on Java 8 features, as for any application development process, you need good, working experience of Java 8.

 

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Credits : Techrepublic

 

Amidst the angsty finger-pointing over the cloud giants’ supposedly one-sided relationship to open source (all take, no give), with the accompanying claim that open source will dry up without someone lining the pockets of the VCs who fund (very little of) the code, foundations keep generating lots of fantastic open source code. Often overlooked, these foundations play an unusually important role in the development of open source software, offering a vendor-neutral setting for competitors to cooperate with legal protections around IP and antitrust.

We’re familiar with the Cloud Native Computing Foundation, given its role in pushing Kubernetes development, among other things. Less familiar to many, however, is the quiet but important work being done by the Eclipse Foundation, now home to the future of enterprise Java under the community-voted moniker of Jakarta EE, the successor to Java EE (which remains licensed by Oracle and maintained under the JCP). Seemingly overnight this 15-year-old organization has put itself at the center of what many hope will be a modernized cloud-native Java environment. Eclipse has also been embraced by the burgeoning growth of Internet of Things (IoT) projects in open source.

Old dog, new tricks

Created in 2004 as the home for the Java integrated development environment (IDE) toolset called Eclipse, the Eclipse Foundation has recently been revitalized. With a relatively spartan professional staff of 30 people based mostly in Canada, the Eclipse Foundation today claims oversight of more than 360 projects and 1,550+ code committers who have contributed more than 162 million lines of code to date with an estimated software value of some $9 billion.That’s a lot of code and a lot of money. And a lot of thankless work.

No code is as important as the work with Jakarta EE. As Eclipse Foundation executive director Mike Milinkovich has said, Java had “always been single vendor, and always been specification-first, which I think [has] helped slow down the pace of innovation.” Indeed. Under Oracle’s stewardship, Java EE 8 was a year late in being released, and the enterprise edition hadn’t seen an update in four years.

Now with the Eclipse Foundation behind it, Java is moving faster, having already issued two releases in 2018. Whether it will maintain this pace is up to the community developing it, but given the need to keep pace with the rise of microservices and other innovations, Java (Jakarta) risks losing relevance if it can’t indulge modern developer requirements. With the help of the Eclipse Foundation, Jakarta is doing just that.

Credit where credit is due

It can be easy to overlook the hard and political work of keeping vendors with market caps that approach a trillion dollars aligned with a global community of dedicated developers (most of whom now work for these very same vendors). These groups have their flaws and shortcomings, and open source software can be very messy by the very nature of its open development processes. You don’t get access to the developer Slack channels at proprietary software vendors, but anyone can peruse the Linux Kernel mailing lists.

But this generally thankless work by foundations like the Eclipse Foundation pays enormous dividends for all of us. It can even move markets. For example, the biggest tech acquisition in history? That was IBM buying Red Hat for $34 billion. Indeed, for all of 2018, open source software drove more than $65 billion in mergers, acquisitions, and IPOs.

So this year take a moment to thank the people behind open source who help create the environments where developers can focus on developing cool software and leave the thankless work of code hygiene to others. Thank the Apache Software Foundation, the Linux Foundation, and the newly revitalized Eclipse Foundation, among others, for the work they’re doing to corral corporations to give more, and to do so more efficiently.

Better yet, join with them and contribute your time and energy to their good works. Make 2019 an even better year for you and open source.

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Credits : Dnaindia

 

Web developers are responsible for the behind-the-scenes code and programming of websites. They make sure a website’s performance (in terms of speed) and capacity (in terms of how much traffic a site can handle) is up to the mark.

If you’re looking to build a career in web development in India, you’ve come to the right place! This field is flourishing like never before not only in India but also worldwide. Now’s the right time to hop onto the web development bandwagon.

Here are the answers to the most common questions that aspiring web developers may have on their mind.

What’s web development? What does a web developer do?

Web development can simply be defined as the building and maintenance of websites for hosting via the internet or the intranet (a private network).

It’s all about creating web pages (websites) or applications (such as Amazon or Facebook) that run in a web browser. Web development often involves learning several programming languages, frameworks, databases, etc. as different websites and apps use different technologies and have different functionalities.

Web development is broadly classified into front-end development (client-side — the face of the web page that the user interacts with) and back-end development (server-side — the computational logic behind a website or an app). Intrigued? Read this post to find out more on web development and web developers.

Pros and cons of web development as a career?

Did you know that jobs for web developers are expected to increase up to 20 per cent from 2012-2022? Or that work-from-home is a real possibility for web developers?

Web development, as a career, is on the rise. But before you decide to dabble in it, make sure you have weighed the pros and cons.

Misconceptions associated with web development as a career?

Misconceptions — Websites are launched with the flick of a switch. All computer code is the same. Web developments are as easy as baking a pie.

Reality: No, no, and no. In this article, we’ve busted 5 such common misconceptions on web development.

What is the future of web development in India?

Imagine putting in years of hard work and long nights to study a field which has no future! Web development as a career has witnessed a boom all over the world, including India, since the time e-commerce has taken off.

There has been a huge increase in the number of websites that are being created. More and more clients are feeling the need for an online presence for their brand. The future is ripe for web development as a field and if you are planning to make a career in it, now’s the time. Click here to read more about its scope and the top trends that are the future of web development in India.

Do you have what it takes to become a web developer?

Not everyone can be good at everything. A great painter, for instance, might perform terribly as a doctor because medicine isn’t his cup of tea. Similarly, you might or might not be cut out for a career in web development.

How to become a web developer?

If the idea of developing a website from scratch excites you, then you’re destined to become a web developer.

But what if you’ve already pursued a different major? Can you still dream of switching careers and becoming a web developer? Well, the good news is that you don’t need a degree to become a web developer. Check out this post to find out more about how to become a web developer in India.

Top web development companies in India?

Several top companies in India are hiring web developers and offering them remarkable packages that are impossible to refuse. And no, it isn’t cutthroat competition because there are plenty of jobs available for everyone!

 

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Credits : Business2community

 

My husband and I recently purchased a 1927 craftsman home, and we’re embarking on a major renovation project. It’s an exciting endeavor, but no matter how much preparation and planning we do, I know there will be challenges along the way. Even though we’re in the early stages, I continue to be reminded of how similar this process is to a website redesign. Here are four tips I can offer from my own home renovation experience that you can apply to your next website construction project.

1. Hire Qualified Experts

I’ll admit, as we started talking to architects and design-build firms for our home renovation, the estimates for their services were not cheap, and we briefly asked ourselves, “Do we really have to use an architect?” The answer is a definite “yes.”

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Although ads for do-it-yourself website platforms make it seem easy and your nephew built a site for his college organization, don’t entrust your web redesign project to amateurs. Your website is arguably the most critical marketing tool for your business. Your website redesign is not an area to cut corners to save money.

 

A qualified UX (user experience) strategist can offer insights and plans early on that can prevent future headaches. Companies typically redesign their sites every three to four years, but proper UX planning can add longevity to your site and make future updates less significant. If your site is built on a solid foundation of persona research and information architecture, you won’t need to redesign so soon, ultimately saving thousands of dollars. Your UX strategist can work with you to understand the goals of your website and translate that into informed decisions regarding your site’s architecture.

When comparing web design companies, ask about their UX planning process. Find out if they create custom wireframes or if they merely modify templates. Check their credentials and ask for references. Don’t be enamored with how their previous sites look—find out how the sites perform. Good design begins long before selecting colors and images.

2. Don’t Ignore Functionality

Once we selected our experts for the remodeling project, they had us complete a lengthy form with questions that focused less on personal taste and more on function. Who does the cooking? Are they left or right handed? Do you like to entertain? Do you frequently have overnight guests? The answers to these questions will ensure the home not only looks great but also functions well for our needs.

Unfortunately, many clients and web design companies focus on how the site looks on a desktop computer, while mobile or tablet design is an afterthought. According to We Are Social’s Digital in 2018 report, 52.2 percent of all website traffic worldwide is now generated through mobile phones. Though it all depends on how your buyer personas will be viewing your site, it’s most likely true that mobile can’t be an afterthought.

Think strategically not only on how the site looks on a mobile device, but most importantly, on how it functions. Many times, the navigation has to change, content must be trimmed, or functional components have to be rethought. Strong UX and web design experts will address mobile adaptivity early in the conversation and ensure your site will function well for your audience.

 

3. Brand Consistency Is Key

We’ve already started creating a library of images to help make selections like tile, cabinet color, and countertops. Although it’s okay to collect all of these photos for consideration when we look at them as a collection, we realize they don’t all go together. We’ll have to take the era of the house into consideration and narrow our selections so there is a sense of consistency throughout the home.

This is where a robust visual brand identity comes in. Many companies have logo guidelines, and because of that, mistakenly think they have a brand style guide. Your logo is undoubtedly a critical component, but it’s important to also establish standards for your

  • color palette
  • typography
  • image selection
  • use of iconography
  • messaging tone and voice
  • and several other factors

If these guidelines have not yet been determined for your business, the beginning of a website redesign is the perfect time to establish them. A simplified version of these standards can be organized in the form of a mood board. Not only will they help set your website apart, but the guidelines can also be used to ensure that all subsequent marketing communications are consistent with your brand.

4. Invest in Quality

When it comes time for us to make final selections for the home, I suspect we may be tempted to go with cheaper products to save some money up front. But in reality, when it comes to resale, potential buyers will recognize quality materials and the investment will pay off. With your website, this is particularly true with the imagery you use.

If you have a unique product, location, or service, invest in a quality photoshoot with a respected photographer. I have seen many beautifully designed websites ruined by poor product photography. If your line of business is less tangible and doesn’t justify a custom shoot, be sure to use high-quality stock photography that feels genuine and natural. If you’re including staff or leadership team photos on your site, invest in a talented portrait photographer to capture the images in a unique way. It may be a little more expensive up front, but your audience and customers will notice.

Your website redesign is a significant investment, and it’s essential it is done right so you can reap the benefits for years to come. If you seek the help of specialists and experts, invest in planning and quality, and stay true to your brand, your website construction process is sure to provide the return you are seeking.

 

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Credits : Techcrunch

After raising $55 million in October at a $500 million valuation, business software marketplace G2 Crowd is making its first-ever acquisition to bring more features to its platform. It is acquiring Siftery, a startup that has built its own database of business software not on user reviews, but by providing a service to businesses where it identifies what is actually getting used and when across their networks.

Terms of the deal are not being disclosed, G2 Crowd’s  CEO and founder Godard Abel said in an interview. Siftery  had been around for a couple of years and had raised a seed round of $4.1 million from a group of notable investors, including Founders Fund, Felicis and Venrock. All 20 employees, including co-founders CEO Vamshi Mokshagundam and CTO Ayan Barua, are joining G2 Crowd.

G2 Crowd has been building a name for itself as a place where IT buyers can discover and buy software and services for solving specific issues; and if they already are already using or considering a product, a place where they can read other’s reviews and compare it against competitors.

There are some 550,000 reviews on the site today across nearly 60,000 products in 1,200 categories (those reviews are up by 50,000 in the last two months). Around 2 million business professionals visit and use the site each month, which they may go to because they are repeat users, or because G2 Crowd happens to have a very strong SEO game, with its links turning up at the top of the list when you do a search for a specific product or product category.

That economy of scale makes G2 Crowd a pretty logical home for Siftery, which had also provided a database of software for businesses, but at a much smaller scale and before it had been truly commercialised. Abel said that the startup had only around 1,500 customers, with most of them on a free version of the product.

“They were just getting to the point where there was a fork in the road,” he added. “What they hadn’t done yet is monetise and build a business, and we are product people at G2 Crowd.”

This also seems to be the stated logic for Siftery, too. “We’re excited to join the G2 Crowd team so we can more quickly realize our joint vision,” said Vamshi Mokshagundam, co-founder and CEO of Siftery, in a statement. “By becoming part of the G2 family, Siftery’s technology can reach millions more people, continue to develop rapidly, and have a bigger impact around the world in helping to eliminate wasted and inefficient software spend.”

Siftery’s additional functionality is interesting in terms of how G2 Crowd will develop going forward.

The smaller startup engaged with customers and their networks and provided insight into how much each product or service is actually getting used (not just enthused). That makes a handy way to determine whether money was being wasted on licenses for certain apps; or conversely whether companies are suffering from “shadow IT”: overpaying by not consolidating their purchasing and bargaining power. All that data subsequently also helped to provide insight to people searching its database to discover software.

The problem of overspending on software and apps happens to be a big one. G2 Crowd cites data from Netskope which estimates that the average enterprise now runs 1,246 cloud services, a figure that is growing over 10% each year. At the small business end, Siftery estimates that the average organization had 55 SaaS tools, more than doubling over the last three years.

And the challenge is still growing: across the range of company sizes, 35 percent more software gets trialled each year, with software budgets growing by 50 percent year-on-year for the past four. Some $1.4 trillion was spent on software and services last year, with waste in the UK and US collectively estimated at $34 billion, G2 Crowd said.

Abel said that for now the idea will be to keep Siftery’s product separate while it gets gradually integrated into G2 Crowd. There, it will potentially give the company another string in its bow in terms of the services it offers to businesses coming to its platform — and opting for paid usage tiers.

Interestingly, while G2 Crowd will likely continue to be popular as a marketplace to search for apps and services, this deal underscores how the company hopes to develop going forward. It has the opportunity to build a platform where organizations can manage their software, and potentially provide further tools to optimise how it is used, plan more deployments connected to it, and so on.

Abel has a long history building and selling startups focused around software productivity (most recently to Salesforce, but also to Oracle and before that CA), and that appears to be the direction he’s taking G2 Crowd, too. (Indeed, it seems to be part of a mini-wave of tech startups rethinking how businesses interact with software. Just earlier today, Nexthink out of Switzerland raised $85 million for its solution that helps enterprises monitor, triage and assist employees who encounter annoying software issues.)

Abel said that the engineering talent at Siftery was also a big attraction, and that could help shape other acquisitions going forward.

“I think we will look opportunistically,” he said. “It depends on finding a strong product and team.”

 

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Credits : Knowtechie

 

The use of the Java programming language is present in virtually all types of businesses today. In part, this popularity is driven by numerous versions that continually feature enhanced capabilities. While version 8 is the standard in most devices, it’s expected that version 9 will take over most of them, which offers even more features that are robust.

Straight off the bat, business owners may not really be interested in the programming enhancements available in Java. Instead, they are more likely interested in why use Java and what it can do to help them fulfill their business requirements. Below is a short breakdown of some of the details.

Portability

For many years, portability has been a Java mantra, and it’s probably the biggest feature of the programming language – also called “write once, use anywhere.” When a business owner contracts a Java programmer for a program, the application can be used on virtually any device and operating system.

The Java application is, essentially, its own self-contained unit capable of running on any operating system and into any business hardware. In fact, as a business owner, you don’t have to worry about changing operating systems or hardware, and dealing with incompatible software. This is the biggest benefit over .Net, as the latter only runs on Windows-based devices.

Efficient Memory Management

While this sounds like a technical subject, it is easy to understand how Java is capable of handling memory. Briefly, Java objects reside in a heap that is created once an application starts, increasing or decreasing during runtime. Once the heap is full, garbage in the heap is ready for collecting and removal.

In this case, the garbage includes objects that are no longer in use during the application’s lifetime. New objects are then added to the empty space. Another aspect of how this works is the “nursery,” which contains new objects and a special space for older objects coming from app nursery before being removed.

The process creates an automatic system that helps manage available memory resources. In turn, this helps in increasing the applications speed as well as efficacy.

Better Multithreading Capabilities

Java applications are capable of managing themselves in case of several users using them at the same time, creating separate threads for each user within the program. This is in place of running multiple copies of the program in a single hardware device. Each of these threads is tracked until the task is completed.

For a business owner, the process means that you attain better performance since the program makes optimal use of available CPU and cache storage resources. Even in instances where thousands of users are interacting with your application, it runs smoothly and without glitches. In addition, your users benefit from faster response times as commands are executed in seconds.

It also means that your application will not think for a long time before taking the next step; instead, it executes operations simultaneously. Furthermore, you will also realize better economic use of your resources. Multithreading also means that you will see fewer glitches raised and sent by extensions like Java Logback using HTTP/S, no matter how long some of these processes have been running!

Conclusion

At the moment, Java is the darling in the world of business application development for these reasons. The language offers such versatility with its robust customized solutions that cater for just any type of business niche you can think of. This is the current position that is showing no signs of declining any time in the future, especially with the impending release of new features in Java 9 in the near future.

 

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Credits : Technotification

 

When it comes to programming, there are two main broad categories of languages. We have programming language and scripting language. The two types are different in several aspects. One of the languages that are commonly used is Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP). So, under which category does it belong to? Is PHP a programming language or a scripting language?

Being a server side language, many people assume that PHP is a purely programming language. The ability of this language to perform some complex tasks cements the position of PHP as a programming language.

However, the truth of the matter is PHP is a powerful scripting language for web programming. It is the language that you can use to allow a seamless interaction between web pages and the servers.

So, why should we classify PHP as a scripting language and not a programming language? Well, here are some of the reasons:

PHP Is An Interpreter Based Language

This is one of the factors that differentiate programming and scripting languages. While programming languages are compiler based, scripting languages are interpreter based. This simply means that PHP doesn’t have to be compiled before interpreted. The compilation process entails translating a high-level language into a machine language.

As a scripting language, PHP doesn’t have to be compiled. Instead, the interpreter executes the instructions directly without first converting them into machine instructions. This is different from programming languages as they first have to be compiled into machine language before being interpreted.

However, the truth of the matter is PHP is a powerful scripting language for web programming. It is the language that you can use to allow a seamless interaction between web pages and the servers.

So, why should we classify PHP as a scripting language and not a programming language? Well, here are some of the reasons:

PHP Is An Interpreter Based Language

This is one of the factors that differentiate programming and scripting languages. While programming languages are compiler based, scripting languages are interpreter based. This simply means that PHP doesn’t have to be compiled before interpreted. The compilation process entails translating a high-level language into a machine language.

As a scripting language, PHP doesn’t have to be compiled. Instead, the interpreter executes the instructions directly without first converting them into machine instructions. This is different from programming languages as they first have to be compiled into machine language before being interpreted.

Usage

Another reason that makes PHP be a purely scripting language is the usage. Can you list any applications that have been built from scratch using PHP language only? Obviously, you won’t be able to do so. This is because PHP must be combined with other languages and components in order to come up with a complete system.

This is a typical characteristic of most scripting languages. They cannot fully depend on themselves to build an application. They must be blended with other applications. For example, PHP should be blended with HTML and JavaScript.

Temperament

By temperament, am referring to the levels of difficulty of a programming language. It is too hard or can it be easily coded. Scripting languages are very easy to code. You simply need to type only a few lines of code. This is another reason why PHP can be easily categorized as a scripting language.

On the other hand, programming languages will force you to write several lines of codes just to implement a single function. You won’t get away with some short lines codes.

Creation of files

When it comes to a programming language, they create files that can be stored and even transferred from one device to another. The files are usually in the .exe format. On the other hand, PHP does not create the .exe file.

Running

Another distinct feature of scripting languages is they run inside another program. They don’t run independently. In our case, PHP can only run in a web server or browser. On the other hand, programming languages can run independently without depending on the parent programs.

Conversion

On the other hand, programming languages can be used to build a complete application from scratch. Take for example C language. It is capable of building a standalone application from nothing.

Interpretation

As a scripting language, PHP is interpreted within another language such as HTML before being interpreted again by the browser. This is different from programming languages which are compiled into a compact form and don’t have to be interpreted by another program.

In conclusion, you can easily assume that PHP is a programming language. This is because it has lots of features of a typical PL. Otherwise, the article elaborates well why PHP is a scripting language.

 

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Credits : Linuxjournal

 

Microsoft was founded in 1975—that’s 43 years ago and a ton of history. Up until the last decade, the company led a campaign against the Open Source and Free Software movements, and although it may have slowed the opposition, it did not bring it to an end. In fact, it emboldened its supporters to push the open-source agenda even harder. Fast-forward to the present, and open-source technologies run nearly everything—mobile devices, cloud services, televisions and more.

It wasn’t until Satya Nadella took the helm (2014) that the large ship was steered around. Almost overnight, Microsoft embraced everything Linux and open source. It eventually joined The Linux Foundation and, more recently, the Open Initiative Network. At first, it seemed too good to be true, but here we are, a few years after these events, and Microsoft continues to support the Open Source community and adopt many of its philosophies. But why?

I wanted to find out and ended up reaching out to Microsoft. John Gossman, a lead architect working on Azure, spent a bit of time with me to share both his thoughts and experiences as they relate to open source.

Petros Koutoupis: Can you tell our readers a bit about yourself?

John Gossman: I’m a long-time developer with 30 years of industry experience. I have been with Microsoft for 18 of those years. At Microsoft, I have had the opportunity to touch a little bit of everything—from Windows to other graphical applications, and more recently, that is, for the last 6 years, I have worked on Azure. My primary focus is on developer experience. I know this area very well and much of it comes from the Open Source world. I spend a lot of time looking at Linux workloads while also working very closely with Linux vendors. More recently (at least two years now), I stepped into a very interesting role as a member on the board of The Linux Foundation.

PK: Microsoft hasn’t always had the best of relationships with anything open-source software (OSS)-related&mddash;that is, until Satya Nadella stepped to his current role as CEO. Why the change? Why has Microsoft changed its position?

JG: I have spent a lot of time thinking about this very question. Now, I cannot speak for the entire company, but I believe it all goes back to the fact that Microsoft was and still is a company focused on software developers. Remember, when Microsoft first started, it built and sold a BASIC interpreter. Later on, the company delivered Visual Studio and many more products. The core mission in the Microsoft culture always has been to enable software developers.

For a while, Windows and Office overshadowed the developer frameworks, losing touch with those core developers, but with the introduction of Azure, the focus has since been reverted back to software developers, and those same developers love open source.

Meanwhile, Microsoft continues to hire developers, and nowadays, these developers are looking at open-source software, and they see the advantages. Customers also have been using more Linux and Java among other open-source projects. Satya saw the advantages to this as well. The push toward open source came from the top and from management. The business culture started to change fast, and none of it was forced. This push continues, and recently, Microsoft even joined the Open Initiative Network (OIN).

PK: What did it take to transition? And what were the challenges (for example, development lifecycle, mindset and environment)?

JG: Much like human nature, in developer nature, developers are typically set in their ways. But sometimes, they also want to use the latest technologies or the new “hot thing”. Certain folks jumped immediately onto it (open-source technologies), and others moved more slowly or weren’t interested.

One of the most difficult parts of switching to an entirely different ecosystem is figuring out if your tools work with it or if you need to resolve certain dependencies to be productive again. This process puts a natural friction in the entire experience.

Some groups were very excited about this transition and were early to jump in. The very first thing we open-sourced was ASP.NET. This was about eight years ago. It allowed us to learn some stuff that led to us eventually open-sourcing the rest of .NET. The process [of open-sourcing] itself has been going on for nearly a decade and is far from complete. We are still learning how to do some of these things both individually and as a company. We are still on a journey and learning through community collaboration to innovate faster.

It’s worth mentioning that almost immediately we realized that it was bad practice in open source to open-source something and just assume folks will fix your bugs. The community eventually came and contributed, but it did not happen overnight or magically.

PK: And, how does all of this relate to Azure?

JG: To put it simply, Azure is a service, and we need to serve all of our customers. That means we shouldn’t restrict them and the tools they use or their practices. The cloud tends to be a mix of many things. There are many moving parts. Our customers come from Red Hat environments or use Java and Python in Ubuntu while running alongside Windows. Sometimes, all of this is running in a single department. To best serve all of these varying workloads, you need to support all of those different things.

For example, about three or four years ago, I flew out to Massachusetts to meet with the folks over at Red Hat for a day. They were once our competitors, but now, we are working together to solve the same problems. We are continuing to work with Red Hat in our partnership on OpenShift, using SQL in Linux, and to leverage other technologies, such as Chef and Puppet. This is what our customers want to use on Azure. We are going where our customers are asking for us to be, and we need to make sure we can run their workloads.

PK: What open-source components make up Azure?

JG: Our angle always has been on data. And, it is a great story to tell. Microsoft has SQL server. It is a great database, but our customers are using other databases. Early on, we adopted and integrated Oracle’s DB2 and PostgreSQL into Azure. Today, we run PostgreSQL and MySQL services. We even have a partnership with Mongo to get that offering into Azure. There are so many open-source offerings that we run on Azure, and it is these offerings that are most valuable to our cloud customers. There are also many more features in the pipeline. Not only do these customers rely on these open-source products but they also come to Azure for its fault tolerance, reliability, resiliency, security and so on.

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Credits : Siliconindia

 

Various web design and development companies have been continuously working on the website accessibility and the improvement of the accessibility. The website accessibility would define whether or not a particular website is going to shine in the race for the first place in the consumers’ heart. Thus, every website ownerneeds to work on the website accessibility. There are secret tricks to make a website accessible and successful in the vicious competition.

 

The foremost question that comes from the developers and designers is which is the best time to think about the accessibility during the website development? Is it the coding part? “Well, you can always consider the accessibility while coding but the accessibility can be achieved without even writing a single line of code!”, told by the marketing head of Intlum Technology Private Limited, a leading website design company in Kolkata.

 

There are certain design elements which cause a website’s accessibility. If these design elementsare successfully improved, any website can become immensely accessible as well as productive in today’s date. So, let’s check out the top 3 essential design elements which can enhance the accessibility of a website by a huge margin.

 

Top 3 Design Elements to Enhance Your Website’s Accessibility

 

Below are the elements which need to be highlighted in order to receive an applause from the users roaming around the internet to avail specific services or buy particular products from a website. So, let’s begin without further ado.

 

Refine the UI/UX

 

The whole accessibility part depends a lot on how a website is structured and laid out (which is the UI part) and how a website is interactive with the visitors (which is the UX part). These two factors are equally important and responsible for bringing any website the right amount of accessibility that it deserves. Certain differences are there between the User Interface (UI) and User Experience (UX) but both are vital for website accessibility despite the differences, according to various leading names in the sector of website design and development.

 

With a good UI/UX, a website is able to provide the users with a proficient amount of reliability and relaxation. The visually impaired users or theusers with reading disorders or the screen readers (In a nutshell, the people with disabilities) will definitely be benefitted by the nurtured UI/UX.

 

UI/UX Guidelines for Designers to Achieve Accessibility

 

 

    • Plan the headers and page layout in a way that it suits the visitors using mouse-keyboard or the touchscreen devices.

 

    • The obvious focus indicators should be smartly used in order to depict the users where they are on a web page.

 

    • Make use of whitespace to create a clutter-free design which will eliminate confusions for the users.

 

    • Important elements of a website should always be put at the top or the bottom of a web page which brings the best visibility to the vital components.

 

    • Complex words should never be used for showcasing excellence or expertise. The use of simple yet engaging words willmake the readers stick to a site.

 

 

Typography is the New Trend

 

The choice of fonts and typefaces can make a huge difference in a website’s accessibility. Nobody likes to see the boring and tedious fonts used in thousands of words on a website. In that case, using a good typography will always help achieve the goal of engaging the potential clients.On the other hand, an obscure font on a website can always lead to the downfall as thelack of clarity in the font will always make the users annoyed and they will simply leave the site after a certain period of time.

 

Typography can single-handedly make or break a website. The users with learning, reading and attention disabilities such as ADHD, dyslexia, users with low vision along with the users with English as a Second Language (ESL)will find it difficult to stay on a site if the typography is not accessible enough.

 

Considering and implementing all the above aspects together itself is overwhelming and a matter of dilemma. Working on the font variation, tracking, serif/sans-serif, and kerning are some of the matters you need to handle. The job is tough but can be achieved by following the guidelines below.

 

Typography Guidelines for Designers to Achieve Accessibility

 

 

    • Select a font that is considered accessible from the beginning. This font can be used for the main body.

 

    • Put a restriction on the number of font families used on a website as well as provide alternative fonts.

 

    • Make the base font size adequate – a minimum of 14px. It will be much better if the font size isspecified by percentage or any relative value for trouble-free resizing in future.

 

    • Put restrictions on the use of font styling. Italics, Bold, and capitalized words should only be used where needed. On the other hand, make use of underlines only when a linked text is involved.

 

    • Golden Ratio Typography Calculator can be a viable solution when you are in doubt regarding the font size, line height and width, and the CPL (Character Per Line).

 

 

Color and Contrast

 

Color and Contrast is the hub of every successful design. Whether it is a website or an app, only a good color contrast can take the venture to the top. In fact, several studies have also stated that the brand perception is often tied to the use of colors. One study even conveys that 90% of all the snap judgments depend only on the color and contrast! So, let’s take a close look at the guidelines which can enhance the skills in improving the accessibility of color and contrast on a website.

 

Color and Contrast Guidelines for Designers to Achieve Accessibility

 

 

    • Use colors located on the opposite ends of the color spectrum. Try to avoid the yellow/blue and green/red combination.

 

    • Make a cautious and clever use of the light shades since they are difficult to view for the individuals with low vision.

 

    • Not only depend on the colors to convey the subject matters to the website users. Make use of underlines or other significances for links and other important aspects of a website.

 

    • Make sure that a website has solid backgrounds since the cluttered backgrounds make the texts more difficult to read, especially, when the color contrast is not good enough.

 

 

So, these are the top three ways to make any website design more accessible to the users. The result of considering these designing strategies are quite significant and fruitful. A relationship advising blog called Wisledge is a live example of successful implementation of the three designing strategies mentioned above. Reportedly, they have nurtureda great improvement in terms of traffic and engagement after implementing these strategies to their website and post details pages.

 

In order to bring a website into the limelight, the design has to be accessible. If the potential clients face difficulty in understanding a design or browsing awebsite, the site will stay behind in the race.

 

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