Credits : Guardian

No modern economy can exist without fundamental information and communications technology (ICT) infrastructure because these are the tool for national and economic development.

A key component of ICT is software- a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work.As a matter of fact, over the years, software has become an essential input for the operations of virtually all businesses, across all industries and sectors.

Regrettably, most of the software in use in the country are imported, leaving the local developers to wallow in neglect and poverty.Experts believe that Nigeria spends over $400 million annually on foreign software licence renewal without recourse to indigenous software that could perform the same task.

To avoid such huge amount, which they described as waste to the economy, National Software Think Tank (NSOFT) has urged the federal government to endorse and approve of the proposed 5-Year National Software Strategic Plan to accelerate the adoption and patronage of Nigeria developed application software and maximize the opportunities and benefits presented by the Digital promise.

Chris Uwaje, chairman, NSOFT, called for the establishment of a special National Software Strategy as a critical Framework for improving understanding of the challenges and national security risks observed in the software development ecosystem and implications for Nigeria.

“Recognizing the enormity of challenges faced by the Nigerian software ecosystem as critical national infrastructure for the economy and security, there is urgent need for legal protection of the Software Industry”. He said.

But the onus lies on the government. Government must be the unseen hand that weaves the magic wand.This is because conventional wisdom supported by imperial economic studies dictates that market forces alone are incapable of accelerating the development of ICT and indeed the economy.

National Office for Technology Acquisition and Promotion (NOTAP) agreed and explained that the introduction of local vendor policy in the licensing of foreign software in Nigeria will continue to block financial leakages in the country’s software industry, while saving huge sums of money for the federal government and the local information technology (IT) vendors.

Dr. Dan-Azumi Mohammed Ibrahim, director general of NOTAP, who gave the explanation during his welcome reception organised by the National Software Think Tank (NSOFT) in Lagos recently, said there had been stiff opposition to the implementation of the policy.

“We have passion to support the development of home-grown technology. Nigeria was hitherto loosing huge amount of money to foreign countries through licensing fees of foreign software, but we have to change the narrative through the local vendor policy” Ibrahim, said.

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Credits : Programminginsider

As more industries adapt to the digital age, there has been an increased demand for software development innovations that will help make work easier and meet customer demands. This means plenty of growing work opportunities in the field. Let’s look at some of the trends that anyone interested in a software engineering future should pay attention to. 1. More Generalization In a technological world, having specialized skills will always be valuable. There is, however, a growing need for those with more generalized abilities to join in. Besides tinkering with particular software, there is increased demand for people that can also operate at the front-end, engaging with customers to better outline specifications that can be used in the backend of development. This is why careers in full-stack development have been flourishing in recent years as more companies look to recruit people that are multifaceted in their capabilities. They want someone who can handle multiple programming languages, work from both the front and back end, work on their websites and applications, and more. While their knowledge may be more extensive than intensive, it should be enough that they can perform most coding tasks. Where needed they can sub-contract for more complex projects. 2. Driving Innovation Through Collaboration A common misconception in many fields is that education is the best way to make your mark. There was once a time when employers only paid attention to the educational background of candidates when evaluating them for positions. Now, many organizations are moving away from this approach and considering soft skills like collaborative effort. The ability to interact well and share knowledge with peers has been found to work exceedingly well in driving innovation in the technology world. Discussion and information sharing has proven to be useful in developing new ideas, gauging theories and attracting input and collaboration from peers and experts. This is a very supportive field with many happy to make contributions that will help projects to progress at a faster pace. With this industry being so competitive, the inclination to be collaborative should be sought after and not avoided. 3. Global Outlook The business world has become more global with both product and service providers exploring new territories. They are not only expanding their operations to cater to a diverse range of customers but also tapping into a human resource pool that is just as wide and varied. Thanks to the internet, more organizations can recruit temporary or permanent staff from remote locations, and coordinate them to work on projects. The future of software development is no longer restricted to certain borders. There is plenty of talent to be exploited all over the world and accessing it has been made much easier and affordable through interconnectivity. This trend is expected to keep growing as it becomes necessary to tailor software that can be responsive no matter the region, language, or device that is using it. 4. From Career Ladder to Career Lattice Traditional organizational structures often provided a clearly defined career path for employees to aspire towards. It would usually begin at some entry-level job and in time lead to a managerial post. The goal was typically to work your way up the career ladder. This has however changed in more recent years as more organizations adapt to a much flatter organizational structure that leaves much fewer opportunities for career advancement. As the skills sought by organizations become more generalized, employees can expect to have a more varied movement in their profession. The different roles they take up throughout their career may mean advancement at some point, lateral moves, and even going a step down. This lattice progression is one that many a software engineer future career will look like. To succeed in such an environment, developers will need to continually add to their skills and become adaptable to different situations as they arise. 5. Seeking Creativity and Self-Motivation The work culture for many organizations has been to hire people that can take instruction and perform to set standards. This rather rigid and boring approach to staff evaluations often limited how far businesses could progress. Now, they are looking for innovative minds that can think outside the box and generate ideas that will push companies to the next level. Competition is very high, no matter the type of business you are in. To keep hold of your market share, or grow it, you need people that can see or create opportunities where you can excel. The successful future of software engineering will be pegged on entrepreneurial minds. Businesses of all kinds are realizing the importance of redefining what talent they need. To secure their futures, they are looking to recruit more forward-thinking software development New York expertise that will keep them profitable. Remember that growth and profit-making are at the core of most businesses’ goals.

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Credits : Gsmarena

Google’s gotten us used to releasing the first Developer Preview of a new Android version in March, but this time around the company has been faster. Android 11/R is now out in the form of Developer Preview 1. As usual, this is not intended to be used by regular consumers because it’s very much a first unpolished draft of what will end up being Android 11 later this year.

Still, the release is useful because we get a glimpse of the changes headed our way when Android 11 becomes final. Note that this may not be the full list, as Google has the habit of unveiling some more new features in May during its I/O developer conference, which is also when the first public beta of the new system is made available for everyone to play with. Additionally, some of these things may not make the cut to the finalized build of Android 11 – we’ve seen many a new feature being removed before.


With all that in mind, let’s dive in. 5G is going to be the buzzword of the year, so clearly Android 11 is riding that, even though technically Android 10 “supports” 5G as well. The new version will bring updated connectivity APIs so developers can take even more advantage of the improved speed and latency that 5G offers. Developers can check whether a connection is unmetered, and if it is, then the app can offer higher-res or quality that may use more data. This helps devs identify which carriers are offering truly unmetered data while connected to 5G.

There’s also a bandwidth estimator API that makes it easy for devs to figure out how much downstream/upstream bandwidth is available, without the app needing to poll itself or compute its own estimate.

Call screening service improvements are baked in too, as well as Wi-Fi suggestion API enhancements, and Passpoint enhancements.

New screens supported

Pinhole and waterfall screens are now supported in Android at the platform level, so companies using these won’t have to do the extra work of adding in support themselves. Apps can manage pinhole and waterfall screens using the existing display cutout APIs.


Notifications get tweaked once again because the running joke that it can’t be a new version of Android without Google in some way messing with that needs to keep running. This time around, there’s going to be a dedicated conversations section in the notification shade, for ongoing convos. Bubbles are a way to keep conversations in view and accessible while you do other stuff on your phone. Think of these as Facebook Messenger’s Chat Heads, but for every messaging and chat app on your device (as long as their devs choose to use the new API).

If an app supports image copy and paste, then in Android 11 you will be able to insert images into notification replies, thus needing to jump into the app from the notification even less than before (especially when you combine this new functionality with the aforementioned dedicated conversations section of the shade). In this first Developer Preview, there’s image copy support baked into Chrome, and image paste support through Gboard.

Privacy and permissions

Privacy-wise, we get a new one-time permission for location, as well as for the use of the microphone and camera. This means apps can access the permission until you move away from the app, and then they must ask you again.

Additionally, later this year apps in the Play Store will only be allowed to ask for getting your location data in the background with Google’s permission. As of August 3, all new apps submitted to the Play Store that access background location will need to be approved, and from November 2 all existing apps that request background location will need to be approved by the company or they’ll be gone from the Play Store. This is a huge change because it impacts all versions of Android, not just 11.

Also regarding permissions, Android 11 will “discourage” repeated requests for permissions in a specific permission group. If you tap Deny twice for any specific permission, during the lifetime of an app’s installation on a device, this will be understood by the system to also mean “don’t ask again” and so you won’t ever be nagged from that point on. If you change your mind after this and want to grant that permission for that app, you’ll need to go into Settings and do it manually (or reinstall the app).

The Google Play System Updates (nee Project Mainline) introduced in Android 10 have been expanded to add 12 new updatable modules, including a permissions module that standardizes user and developer access to critical privacy controls.

Screen recording, dark theme enhancements

Screen recording is back (it was included in early versions of Android 10 then dropped), and this time it actually works. You can trigger this with a new Quick Settings tile.

The dark theme will be able to automatically turn on and off based on time of day, be that turning dark when the sun sets and light when the sun rises again, or just any custom interval you like.


There’s also a new Neural Networks API which expands the operations and controls available to developers, as well as a bunch of improvements to security. Developers are getting new processes and tools to minimize the impact of platform updates on their apps. Apps can use a new API to mute vibration from ringtones, alarms, or notifications while a camera capture session is active, and metadata tags allow for bokeh modes on camera capture requests on the devices that support it.

Pixel 4 specific changes

For the Pixel 4 and 4 XL specifically, there’s a new Motion Sense gesture to pause music, as well as an option to increase touch sensitivity when using a screen protector.


If you are a developer or can manually flash buggy pre-release OS versions on a phone that isn’t your daily driver (and take pleasure in doing so), then you can download the Android 11 DP1 full factory images here, and OTA files here. The preview is compatible with all Pixels except the original Pixel and Pixel XL. Do not attempt this if you don’t feel comfortable using Recovery Mode and ADB, or having things randomly not work.

If you want a beta version that you can easily install onto your Pixel, you’ll have to wait until May, according to Google’s preliminary release timeline which you can see above.

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Credits : Spectrum

Code is the backbone of most software programs and applications. Each line of code serves as an instruction—a logical, step-by-step mechanism for computers, servers, and other machines to perform an action. To create those instructions, one must know how to write code—a valuable skill that’s sometimes in short supply. 

But what if you could build software without writing a single line of code? That’s the premise behind no-code development, a software development method that has been gathering momentum. With the help of no-code platforms, it’s possible to develop software without writing any underlying code.

“No-code allows people who don’t know how to write code to develop the same applications that a software engineer would,” says Vlad Magdalin, co-founder and CEO of Webflow, a no-code platform for building websites. “It’s the ability to do without code what has traditionally been done with code.”

No-code development could also be regarded as a form of visual programming. Instead of text-based development environments, users manipulate code elements through drag-and-drop user interfaces. A popular example is MIT Media Lab’s Scratch programming language, which uses graphical programming blocks to teach children and adults how to code.

“It’s more like using building blocks that have logic,” says Lacey Kesler, co-founder of the Visual Dev School. “It’s a way to empower people to create for the web without learning how to code.”

No-code programming is a natural progression in the realm of software development. What began as low-level programming using assembly language—which is as close as programmers can get to machine code instructions—evolved into Java, Python, C, JavaScript, and the other programming languages of today. This evolution involved adding layers of abstraction to hide the complexities behind machine code, making programming easier for software developers.

Despite being a product of technological evolution, no-code development isn’t a novel concept. The computer-aided software engineering (CASE) tools of the ‘90s predate today’s no-code platforms. But CASE tools, as their name suggests, only aim to aid certain activities in the software development life cycle—and not the actual coding itself. Microsoft Visual Basic and Adobe Dreamweaver—which still require knowledge of code—are considered earlier iterations of no-code tools.

Microsoft’s Visual Basic no-code tool is used here to program a virtual agent.

Today, various platforms exist to enable no-code development. These include Microsoft’s Power Apps and Oracle’s Visual Builder to create mobile and web apps, Oracle’s Application Express to develop business apps, and Salesforce’s Lightning Platform for customer relationship management apps. Even Google is getting in on the action with its recent acquisition of AppSheet, a no-code platform for building mobile apps.

These tools and the applications built with them are gaining traction in the tech world. According to research from Gartner, low-code application development (which also encompasses no-code) will make up more than 65 percent of application development activity by 2024, with three-quarters of large enterprises using at least four low-code development tools.

So what’s behind the growth of programming without code?

“With more powerful computers, more accessible cloud computing services, and better programming languages, you can start building software that allows you to build software,” says Victor Kuppers, vice president of marketing at Betty Blocks, a product that enables no-code assembly of applications from components known as “blocks.”

No-code development is also a solution to a supply-and-demand problem: a rising demand for generating more software, but a limited number of developers who can create that software. “There’s a clear need in the market for more people to create software, and what you can create with code is so valuable,” Magdalin says. “Yet coding is such a difficult skill to learn that the world just can’t catch up. No-code tools are emerging because they’re much easier to learn compared to getting a computer science degree or going through a coding boot camp.”

Aside from this minimal learning curve, no-code platforms allow for faster application development, which could lead to lower costs for businesses. It could also eliminate any issues between a person’s vision of a product and how a software engineer brings that vision to life through code. “Software is designed to meet a certain purpose, solve a particular problem,” Kesler says. “With visual development tools, we’re able to do that without handing the project off to a developer or learning how to code it ourselves. It gives us the ability to solve our own problems.”

But perhaps the most important advantage of no-code over code is making software development more accessible. “We’re moving into a world where people who understand the business situation the best or those who interact with customers the most will be building the product themselves,” says Emmanuel Straschnov, co-founder of no-code platform Bubble. “Given that technology is such a central part of our lives, more people should be able to create it. No-code development takes the power of creating software and spreads it among everyone.”

Programming without code is still not a one-size-fits-all solution, though. It won’t have the same precision and won’t offer as many possibilities as code does. “Because it’s a higher level of abstraction, it will be limiting in some ways. You won’t have the same flexibility as code,” says Straschnov.

Moreover, no-code platforms aren’t meant to replace software developers. “I’m a former software engineer, so I used to have the same fear,” Magdalin says. “Just because coding has been automated doesn’t mean the entire skill is gone. In fact, it may even be more valued now. Every business will have something unique that can’t be addressed by a no-code solution. You still need developers for the exceptions that these visual tools don’t support.”

When it comes to the future of no-code development, Straschnov sees it as becoming a natural part of the software ecosystem, with more companies switching to no-code platforms and software engineers extending these platforms to make them more powerful. 

“I hope the future of no-code is one framed in a positive light because it’s democratizing software development,” Kesler says. “I know how to code—I was solely dedicated to Ruby on Rails, but I realized that’s not how I like to create. Once I found visual development, it changed everything for me. No-code development allows others to create in a way that feels natural to them.

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Credits : Siliconrepublic

We asked staff at Jaguar Land Rover in Shannon about the tech roles available at the site and the most important skills for success.

We recently visited the offices of Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) in Shannon, which – as its general manager and site lead, John Cormican, told us – is a software development centre of excellence for the company.

Cormican said that the focus of the centre is primarily on “things like autonomous driving, automated driving and connectivity solutions”.

“So, connecting our cars to the outside world and making them updatable through software updates over the air, electrification strategy and also on share mobility services,” he explained.

To help the company achieve these goals, the HR team at JLR is currently on the lookout for new joiners. We spoke to one of its representatives, Jessica O’Neill, to learn more.

According to O’Neill, it’s currently a “very exciting time and a brilliant opportunity to join the team” at the Shannon site.

“We’re recruiting for highly skilled and advanced software engineers with opportunities in areas such as cybersecurity, embedded software and validation, to name a few,” she said.

The right mix of skills at JLR

If you’re considering applying for a role at JLR Shannon, what can you expect to find once you join? One of the site’s software developers, Richard Taylor, gave us some insights.

He highlighted the diverse skills – technical and otherwise – that are important for a software developer at JLR.

His work in the advanced driver assistance systems department sees him drawing on what he calls “all the usual stuff”, which includes C++, CPython, Linux and Git, among others.

But it’s important that softer skills are also prioritised by people working at JLR Shannon. “When you’re working on something as advanced as autonomous driving, for example, it requires a lot of interdisciplinary and cross-functional collaboration to achieve,” Taylor added.

“JLR is a British company, so we’ve to work very closely with our colleagues in the UK and throughout the world, as well with bases in Portland and India, too.

“So it’s very important that, alongside the technical skillsets, you also have proficiencies in the likes of teamwork and networking and communication skills as well.”

Overall, Cormican said that the amount of technology continuing to filter into the automotive industry is “hugely exciting and very, very new”. At Shannon, he added, “engineers get to see their actual work in our vehicles, which can be hugely motivating and inspiring”.

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Credits : Techstory

The evolution of software development is not just about timelines, where previously the shortest time you could expect for a software release was nothing less than a whole year. The greatest highlights of evolution are found in the little things. That software development is no longer a computer-only affair rather, development tools are available in a broader range of devices including smartphones, tablets, and laptops. That developers are today more friendly and interactive and not as nerdy, geeky, or downrightly unsocial beings that we saw in the past decades. 

In retrospect, a lot has changed and the path to discovery gets more exciting with as many as 24 million developers joining the bandwagon by 2019 and a good number opting to go solo in their venture mostly in consumer web-based and mobile apps development. 

What brought about such transformations? 

  • From just one language in 1956 to the more than 700 programming languages that we have today, enterprises are relying heavily on applications to meet operational and service delivery demands. 
  • Enter virtualization and cloud computing and software development went to a whole new level. The cloud platform, as opposed to in-house servers, offers a more robust and scalable infrastructure for faster, cost-effective, and efficient releases with providers like AZURE and AWS gaining ground ahead of others. Today, applications can be deployed or upgraded within minutes of demand. 
  • Thanks to AI and ML technologies that gave rise to smart and intelligent software and automated processes, software development now has a new face defined by speed, efficiency, and ease of release of applications.  
  • A trend that is fast becoming popular is the adoption of agile development and continuous integration approach as the waterfall model that was previously used ebbs out. The complicated time-consuming models that were there before have today been streamlined to meet the growing demand for faster higher-quality deployments. DevOps technology has played a huge role in this.

Software development has experienced huge milestones, the ones mentioned above are just but a few of them. 

What is software development life cycle? 

The software development life cycle, abbreviated as SDLC, is a framework detailing the phases through which software passes from the time of planning to the time it is delivered to its consumer. Each phase in the life cycle has predefined tasks, objectives, and goals that should be achieved before moving on to the next phase.  

SDLC works by minimizing cost, speeding up deployment to produce high-quality software in line with customer expectations. The framework will clearly lay out the finer details of how to develop, maintain, alter, or replace software and also specify the time and cost within which the project should be done. 

A typical SDLC has the following steps 

  1. Planning

The planning phase defines the scope and the expected results of the project based on the needs of the organization. It outlines a schedule and estimates the cost, timeline, and other resources required for the project. This stage also points out risks and how to minimize these risks. 

  1. Requirements Analysis

Requirements analysis is an important stage in the SDLC. It brings together views from different stakeholders including the customer, sales and marketing department, senior team members responsible for steering the project, and industry experts. 

These views are factored in when defining and documenting the business requirements (broken down into specific functions and operations) that the application should meet to be beneficial to the business. Usually, businesses will use a Software Requirement Specification document to perform requirements analysis. 

  1. Design

This phase consists of two vital activities. 

  • Designing the system’s infrastructure 
  • Designing the system model

Reference is made to the Software Requirement Specification (SRS) document followed by defining desired features of the application in an architectural framework. Usually, more than one framework will be proposed and documented in a Design Document Specification (DDS) document. 

Different stakeholders will then analyze each proposed framework based on factors like feasibility, function, cost, and time and then select one that best fits the project requirements. 

  1. Development 

The development phase marks the first step towards the actual development of the application. It involves the actual infrastructure development and system coding by developers. While the previous phases more of documentation phases, the development phase makes use of the blueprint from these phases as a guideline in carrying out their activities. 

Coding is the longest phase in the SDLC.

  1. Testing 

This is a crucial part of the SDLC. Software Testing is done to evaluate how well the proposed application will meet the requirements intended for it. The purpose of the testing phase is to identify bugs and errors in the system and fix them in the best way possible to achieve the quality defined in the SRS.  

Here, test cases are written and executed usually by a quality assurance professional. 

  1. Deployment 

In this phase, the actual software is released for the end-users to begin their operations. Sometimes, the software may first be released to a few people to further test its functionality. This will, however, depend on the agreement between the developers and the clients. 

  1. Maintenance 

Based on user-feedback, the maintenance phase exists to correct, enhance, or alter the software if need be. From time to time the system is maintained and/or upgraded to keep it functioning at its best. This phase also includes user-support. 

A career in Software Development 

Software development is one of the most promising career fields in software engineering. Computers run on software and businesses today rely heavily on software to run their operations. For this reason, the demand for software developers continues to rise. 

There are different paths that one can pursue a software development career.

  1. Your education background

A software engineer degree, while not absolutely necessary, will help you familiarize yourself well with computers and programming. If starting off your career at this point, consider a degree in computer science. 

  1. Gain hands-on experience 

A degree alone is not enough to equip you for a career in software development. You need practical experience. After attaining your degree, consider a job or an internship where you will build coding, programming, and other technical skills required for this role. 

  1. Technical skills 

A software developer should possess the following technical skills. 

  • programming languages like Java, C++, and Python 
  • Coding 
  • IDE’s (Integrated Development Environments)
  • Operating systems 
  • Databases 
  • Microsoft excel 
  1. Build your soft skills 

Did we mention that today’s software developer is a social being who is part of a team? 

Problem-solving, collaboration, communication, team player, and creativity are skills that go a long way to enhance your career. They help you relate with your teammates, clients, and other stakeholders and having them will certainly accord you a competitive advantage. 

  1. Pursue a specialization 

Given that there are different types of software including systems software, programming software, and application software, the software development field is also broad. You could consider specializing in one or two of the following careers under software development. 

  • Full-stack developer
  • Front-end developer
  • Back-end developer
  • Web-developer
  • Mobile developer 
  • DevOps developer
  • Graphics/games developer
  1. Pursue certifications 

Certifications are proof of a professional’s technical skills and abilities. Different bodies offer different certifications in line with software development. 

  • C++ Institute certifications – C and C++ programming certification in advancing levels from associate, professional, to senior level. Some certifications under this category include: 
  • CLA (C programming Language Certified Association)
  • CLP (Certified Professional Programmer)
  • CLS (Certified Senior Programmer)
  • CPA (C++ Certified Associate Programmer) 
  • (CPP) C++ Certified Professional Programmer 
  • CPS (C++ Certified Senior Programmer (CPS)
  • IEEE Professional Software Developer Certification 
  • Microsoft Certified Solutions Developer 

In Conclusion 

The software development field keeps changing. With new technologies, comes the need for professionals to upgrade their skills. On the other hand, if you haven’t launched your career yet,

you can start off by looking at the various Software Development Courses available in the market. Take advantage of online courses and certifications and once you’ve gained skills, a lot of self-learning and practice will go into building your career. 

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Credits : Itproportal

Although its initial release was nearly 30 years ago, Java is still one of the most in-demand and useful programming languages in modern technology. In fact, it holds the rank of number one in 2019 in a study conducted by CodingDojo and took the top spot in the TIOBE Index for February of 2020.

Java came into fruition in 1991 during a time when C++ ruled the world of business application development, which made things rather complicated and platform dependent. In an effort to simplify the process of building applications for businesses, James Gosling and his team at Sun Microsystems created Java to be an object-oriented, interpreted programming language that also supports multi-threading programming.

This helped Java to conquer numerous software fields in the years to follow. Sure, today Java has lost a few of them at the hands of newer programming languages such as JavaScript and Python. However, its dependability, security, stability, and many other benefits continue to make a Java development company and Java developers incredibly valuable resources for creating business applications.

Why learn Java?

Developers may be asking themselves why they should learn a programming language that is nearly three decades old. After all, there are numerous newer languages and platforms to learn. There are numerous reasons why Java continues to be a leader in the world of development and why it is still a language worth learning in 2020.

Although Java’s many benefits and capabilities make it a very diverse language, it is actually fairly easy to learn and master for developers of all skill levels. It is an object-oriented, high-level language, complete with many automated processes for easy use. Garbage collection, for example, frees up memory and does not require triggering by the developer in Java. Its syntax is also similar to English, which makes it less complicated to understand and write when compared with less straightforward programming languages. Additionally, there are many tutorials, forums, and communities available online for programmers to consult when stuck on something. With an estimated 7 million Java developers in the world as of 2019, there is an enormous support community to learn from.

It’s no coincidence that Java has been the number one programming language in the world for years. Java allows developers to do nearly everything required in the world of computing. For example, the development of complete web applications, whether for the internet or intranet, is possible with the Jakarta EE specification within the language. JavaFX was developed by the OpenJFX community as a more modern solution for developing graphical interfaces. Leading service providers in the world of cloud computing, including Google, Microsoft, and Amazon, all support Java for application development as well. What’s more – it is also widely used in the rapidly expanding world of the Internet of Things.

Java is platform-independent, which means that applications only have to be created in one operating system and compiled to bytecode to be able to run on any other platform that supports the Java Virtual Machine. This is the basis of Java’s well-known “Write Once, Run Anywhere” motto.

Under the Oracle Binary Code License, it is free to use Java for non-commercial purposes, meaning developers do not have to pay to develop personal projects with the language. This is great for beginning developers or those just starting to learn the language. When used in a commercial setting, the $2.50 fee per user per month is fairly minimal, especially when accounting for the many offers and discounts available.

For those developers looking to get a high paying job in the professional world, Java is an ideal language to master. As Java use in businesses is widely popular, developers who become experts with the language can expect to reach and exceed the six-figure salary mark in the United States. Entry-level Java developers can still expect to make an average salary of nearly $60,000 per year according to Indeed.

The use cases of Java span from laptops and mobile phones to gaming consoles and business applications. As a platform-independent and incredibly versatile language, developers are able to create applications for a wide array of projects and industries. Huge corporations continue to use it, including Google, Instagram, LinkedIn, Pinterest, Spotify, and Airbnb, just to name a few.

Thanks to Oracle’s takeover of Java since Java 9, a faster-paced lifecycle of new releases is active to keep up with the times. This new lifecycle promises a new version of Java every 6 months, complete with new features to help evolve the language faster while responding faster to new technologies or gaps in the world of programming. Oracle has kept up with this pace since September of 2017 and the release of Java 9 and has scheduled the release of Java 14 for March of 2020.

It’s time to learn Java

In 2020, Java is still “the” programming language for developers to master. Whether trying to get a job at a software development company or acting as a freelance developer, Java is a must-have language in a developer’s tool belt and is applicable to a multitude of projects regardless of field, business sector, or type of program.

Given its ease of use, continual updates, enormous community, and many applications, Java has continued and will continue to be the most-used programming language in the tech world.

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Credits : Nysenewstimes

Global PHP Web Frameworks Software Market Report 2019 – Market Size, Share, Price, Trend and Forecast is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the global PHP Web Frameworks Software industry.

The report also covers segment data, including: type segment, industry segment, channel segment etc. cover different segment market size, both volume and value. Also cover different industries clients information, which is very important for the manufacturers.

There are 4 key segments covered in this report: competitor segment, product type segment, end use/application segment and geography segment.

For competitor segment, the report includes global key players of PHP Web Frameworks Software as well as some small players.

The key players covered in this study
Phalcon Framework
Kraken Framework

Market segment by Type, the product can be split into
Full-stack Frameworks
Asynchronous Frameworks

Market segment by Application, split into
Public Sectors & Organizations
Personal Use

Market segment by Regions/Countries, this report covers
United States
Southeast Asia
Central & South America

The study objectives of this report are:
To analyze global PHP Web Frameworks Software status, future forecast, growth opportunity, key market and key players.
To present the PHP Web Frameworks Software development in United States, Europe and China.
To strategically profile the key players and comprehensively analyze their development plan and strategies.
To define, describe and forecast the market by product type, market and key regions.

In this study, the years considered to estimate the market size of PHP Web Frameworks Software are as follows:
History Year: 2014-2018
Base Year: 2018
Estimated Year: 2019
Forecast Year 2019 to 2025
For the data information by region, company, type and application, 2018 is considered as the base year. Whenever data information was unavailable for the base year, the prior year has been considered.

Important Key questions answered in PHP Web Frameworks Software market report:

What will the market growth rate, Overview, and Analysis by Type of PHP Web Frameworks Software in 2024?

What are the key factors affecting market dynamics? What are the drivers, challenges, and business risks in PHP Web Frameworks Software market?

What is Dynamics, This Overview Includes Analysis of Scope and price analysis of top Manufacturers Profiles?

Who Are Opportunities, Risk and Driving Force of PHP Web Frameworks Software market? Knows Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing and Downstream Buyers.

Who are the key manufacturers in space? Business Overview by Type, Applications, Gross Margin, and Market Share

What are the opportunities and threats faced by manufacturers in the global market?

The content of the study subjects, includes a total of 15 chapters:

Chapter 1, to describe PHP Web Frameworks Software product scope, market overview, market opportunities, market driving force and market risks.

Chapter 2, to profile the top manufacturers of PHP Web Frameworks Software , with price, sales, revenue and global market share of PHP Web Frameworks Software in 2019 and 2015.

Chapter 3, the PHP Web Frameworks Software competitive situation, sales, revenue and global market share of top manufacturers are analyzed emphatically by landscape contrast.

Chapter 4, the PHP Web Frameworks Software breakdown data are shown at the regional level, to show the sales, revenue and growth by regions, from 2019 to 2025.

Chapter 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9, to break the sales data at the country level, with sales, revenue and market share for key countries in the world, from 2019 to 2025.

Chapter 10 and 11, to segment the sales by type and application, with sales market share and growth rate by type, application, from 2019 to 2025.

Chapter 12, PHP Web Frameworks Software market forecast, by regions, type and application, with sales and revenue, from 2019 to 2025.

Chapter 13, 14 and 15, to describe PHP Web Frameworks Software sales channel, distributors, customers, research findings and conclusion, appendix and data source.

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Credits : Timesofindia

Software development platform GitHub has launched operations in India, signalling the strength of the developer ecosystem in the country. GitHub is a place where developer communities learn, review codes and collaborate to build software.
India is the third largest developer hub on GitHub, after the US and China. The platform acquired by Microsoft some three years ago for $7.5 billion, boasts of 40 million developers across more than 100 million projects globally. “Our community in India is thriving, with the third largest number of active developers on GitHub and 22% growth over the past year, adding to an already significant base. We saw 75% growth in public repositories here, which means more and more projects are getting created year-over-year in India, which is incredibly exciting. We saw a 500% growth in private repositories where developers have access to private development environments,” said Erica Brescia, chief operating officer. The platform declined to provide any absolute numbers for India.

Stack Overflow, another online developer community that has more than 50 million visitors each month, has its highest number of users in Bengaluru, followed by London and Chennai.
GitHub has appointed Maneesh Sharma, who was previously with Adobe and SAP, as its head for India. Brescia said the code repository service will have 200 employees in India by this year end, including in sales and marketing. Globally, it has over 1,000 employees and plans to be over 2,000 by the end of the year.
“India is also home to one of the largest communities of student developers in the world. Investing in the future of open source by empowering students is key to our efforts. We’re thrilled to announce that GitHub Education is extending our popular GitHub Hackathon Grant programme to students in India, which supports student hackathons with up to $1,000 in grants,” Brescia said. She also said their student developer pack offers over $200,000 of benefits, including access to tech that they can use for free.
GitHub has launched an Android beta app where developers can host and review code and manage projects on the go. The native app adapts to every screen size and device. “It will come out of beta very soon,” Brescia said.
Sharma said GitHub in India hinges on computer science communities and commerce. “We live and breathe community. There are many open source projects that have come out of India. We want to make developers’ operational life easier so that they can spend more time on innovation. We are working with born-digital firms, as well as helping legacy firms catch up with the innovation bandwagon,” he said. Food-delivery startup Swiggy is collaborating and building software that powers their businesses on GitHub Enterprise.
Sharma said a Mumbai-based developer started one of the largest e-book management softwares on GitHub. Called Calibre, it helps people manage their e-books collection across Kindle, Apple and other e-book formats.

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Credits : Techtarget

Security has a tendency to slow down any type of software development process, whether it’s a continuous integration and continuous delivery or Waterfall, Agile or Scrum environment — or something in between. However, this fact should not negate the truth that adding security into the software development lifecycle from the start is a critical step.

Let’s look at why security often gets left out of the final production build, and explore simple steps developers can take to ensure security controls make it from development to production.

If security controls are disabled, they must be reactivated

Consider this simple example: A client requests a new search function to provide immediate feedback to its users when they are looking for particular documents on the company’s website. The requirement is that the search results update as a user types in a document title, filtering the results each time a character is entered. Most importantly, the list of documents returned by the search should only include those that users can access based on their type of membership and access.

To work as requested, this new feature requires two things: first, to validate that any search request is coming from a valid user — authentication control — and second, that the database query only returns records of documents that the user is allowed to access — access control. These security controls should be implemented at the beginning of the development of the new feature in a DevSecOps environment. This means the developer needs to register a dummy test account, assign different membership types and log in repeatedly in order to test whether the code for the search function and the security controls work as expected.

Most developers, however, will split this task into two parts: first, creating a new search feature and then ensuring it only returns results based on the user’s membership type, not a new search feature that should only return results based on the user’s membership type — a subtle but important difference in how security gets implemented.

In reality, 99 times out of 100, developers will dispense the dummy test account and leave out the required security checks so they know any errors or unexpected search results are solely down to the search-related code and not connected in any way to authentication and access controls blocking requests. This makes it quicker and easier to isolate problems. Even those developers who do add in the required security checks as part of the initial build will often also disable them at some point to speed up testing and bug fixing.

Once the search feature is working, the developer will — hopefully — add or reenable the necessary authentication and access checks and carry out further testing to ensure only logged-in users can access and use the new search and any results only show documents the users are allowed to see.

Alas, security cannot rely on hope. Often, security controls are buried in middleware, gateway or request routing code, making it tricky to find and reactivate each control.

Although the above is a simplified example, there are too many real-world examples where developers have failed to implement and test the required security controls or failed to reactivate them once development and testing have been completed, leaving applications, their users and the companies operating them at risk.

Simple tricks to reactive security controls

Secure software development is a no-brainer. However, as illustrated above, security controls can be difficult to find and reactivate. Fortunately, there are some preemptive steps developers can take to make the burden easy to implement — and remember.

Feature request documentation is important as it records which security controls are required to ensure the correct authentication and access checks are implemented. These should be added to each developer’s to-do list, along with any other request, such as style or font. To enforce feature request documentation use, developers should not be allowed to ever push code from development to production while there are still items on their to-do list. Most integrated development environments include features or have plugins that will search an entire code base and flag files that contain keywords such as TODO or FIXME. This quick and easy check should be performed before any code is submitted for review to ensure incomplete code is not added to the main code base.

Consider, for example, if developers add TODO comments to all unfinished code or a FIXME comment whenever they disable a security control along with a comment, such as “FIXME: Reenable access control in UserController.php line 45 and AuthenticateMiddleware.php line 82.” When this keyword gets flagged, everyone involved in the software development process will know which controls need to be reactivated before the next round of updates can be pushed to production. This prevents not only a new feature from being committed that is not secure, but also safeguards other controls that rely on the same code for their security checks.

Meeting delivery deadlines in a fast-moving development environment is tough, and security is one aspect that tends to get sidelined when the pressure is on. The simple reminders listed here, although not especially sophisticated, are an easy way to ensure all the necessary security controls are in place and make it from development through to production.

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