Credits : Analyticsindiamag

IoT is the next big thing in Industry 4.0, and developers and techies from all across the world are already arming themselves with the skills needed to ride this wave. In this article, we list down 10 best programming languages one must know in the coming year to be able to successfully create and deploy projects in IoT.

C/ C++

C and C++ rule the list when it comes to IoT devices. According to the IoT Developers survey, C language secured the first position for constrained devices while C++ secured the second position. These languages are well-known for their portability and most of the micro-controllers for IoT devices support these languages for computing. 

PHPoC

PHPoC (PHP on Chip) is a programming language and an IoT hardware platform which is developed based on widely-used PHP language. This makes the language not only a Web development language but also the general-purpose programming language for IoT. The syntax is almost the same as PHP and it inherits almost all the core functions from PHP. Further, PHPoC adds new functions which are used to interact with hardware peripherals such as I/O, UART, I2C, SPI, ADC, TIMER/COUNTER, RTC and much more.

Rust

Rust programming language was introduced as an alternative to the C language. C and C++ are common programming languages for IoT devices due to their fine-grained memory management and low runtime overhead. Similarly, Rust is also a memory-safe system programming language which also provides low runtime overhead and fine-grained

memory management. It is a systems programming language with strong safety guarantees which prevents memory corruption and has the potential to solve the problems that can occur when using C language. 

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Credits : Jaxenter

Frontend will meet DevOps as competencies shift

How people interact with a website is no longer just a marketing concern. The user interface is now critical application code and it contains core business logic. This shift in application importance means frontend development teams will start to look more like product teams as development and operations merge.

These teams are deploying their own code and making changes so rapidly that they are often moving too fast for separate operations teams to have the full context to mitigate application errors. We will see these frontend teams become more generalized in their skillsets and become responsible for development, testing, and operations as the process becomes a continuous cycle of integration and delivery. These teams will be on call for incidents and interacting more with monitoring tools to ensure uptime. Those writing JavaScript are going to learn about getting paged in the middle of the night.

Tool and framework frenzy will continue; Fatigue will worsen

The plethora of tools, languages, and frameworks are adding massive complexity to the application development ecosystem. IT teams are challenged to interconnect these disparate languages and platforms to build applications that are the lifeblood of business in today’s digital economy.

While conference halls echo with cries of tool and framework fatigue, there will not be a clear resolution in 2020. In fact, there will likely be more disruption. Although it seems React.js is approaching victory for frontend development, there are still a number of viable competitors ready to shake things up. On the backend, there is still no standardization, in spite of significant innovation in recent years. PHP, Ruby, Python, Node.js, Java, and .Net are all in use—but there is no clear winner and that won’t change in 2020. As teams struggle to connect it all, even more tools—many of which will be open source—will emerge to integrate technologies, but the challenges of complexity and control will get worse before they get better.

JavaScript will win the language debate and emerge as the glue for modern apps

Today, there is no one true programming language choice for building a modern web application, but as the battle for the frontend rages, JavaScript is growing in popularity. Over the next few years, we will see a clear shift toward JavaScript universally becoming the language choice for user interfaces on every platform.

More tools will emerge and adapt for frontend specific applications and JavaScript will be the glue that connects it all.

Pendulum swings back towards consolidation

In recent years, innovation has revealed a host of new tools from big vendors, startups and open source projects, each promising to tackle the next big issue. But it is challenging to maintain compliance and controls when cobbling together a heterogeneous mix of technology at different maturity levels.

And while the next decade will certainly bring more innovation, we can also expect the proverbial pendulum to begin swinging back toward consolidation of platforms and tools as overwhelmed IT teams look for ways to simplify their stacks and reduce risk. Vendors offering universal solutions that span multiple platforms and integrate seamlessly into enterprise environments will continue to see adoption. While companies may continue to offload infrastructure management to third parties—cloud vendors, SaaS providers, and others—in an effort to refocus their resources on building the business, there will be a lagging interest in new tools that offer just the 1% value add.

Engineering concerns will align with user concerns, changing how we monitor applications

As we invest more in user interfaces—which will increasingly become the actual application—we will see engineering concerns more closely align with customer concerns, which means a lot of our tooling and accountability will also shift.

We will need to monitor more than just backend server availability. We will need to monitor how the customer interacts with the product and business because each application iteration can impact user experience, whether positively or negatively. When development teams have a more comprehensive understanding of user interactions and application performance, they can more effectively build applications that drive business value.

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Credits : Nytribunal24

MRInsights.biz recently published a report, titled, Global PHP Integrated Development Environment (IDE) Software Market which is a definitive study of the global PHP Integrated Development Environment (IDE) Software industry. The report delivers key market insights related to the market comprising types, applications, top producers, a market chain with the investigation and the newest market trends and expansion. The report largely focuses on market competition, segmentation, geographical expansion, and other important aspects regarding the market. It analyzes the potential industry supply, value, market demand, competition and its study of top players with industry estimate from 2019–2024. The research study covers industry drivers, geographic trends, market statistics, market forecasts, producers, and raw material/equipment suppliers. It also highlights leading companies, types, applications, and factors affecting the positive future forecast.

For competitor segment, the report includes global key players of PHP Integrated Development Environment (IDE) Software as well as some small players covering: PhpStorm, CodeLite, Eclipse, AWS Cloud9, ActiveState, NetBeans, Angular.io, Selenium, Aptana Studio, Zend Studio, Codelobster, UEStudio, Koding, Codeanywhere, Z-Ray

For geography segment, regional supply, application-wise, and type-wise demand, major players, price is presented from 2014 to 2024. This report covers the following regions:

North America (United States, Canada and Mexico)

Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia and Italy)

Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India and Southeast Asia)

South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia)

Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa)

The insights provided in this report are helpful in devising strategies for the future and take the necessary steps. The PHP Integrated Development Environment (IDE) Software market has witnessed several important developments over the past few years, with scaling volumes of business data and the shift from historical data analysis platforms. The report analyzes the technological advancement and the factors that generate sustainability. The report presents an analysis of changing competition dynamics and keeps you ahead of competitors.

Key Aspects of Report:

  • Top factors like revenue, supply-demand ratio, market status, and market value are reflected.
  • All the top market players are analyzed with their competitive structure, development plans, and regional presence.
  • The market analysis from 2014-2019 and forecast analysis from 2019-2024 is conducted with the base year as 2019.
  • The segmented market view based on product type, application and region will provide a simpler market overview.
  • The distributors, traders, dealers, and manufacturers of PHP Integrated Development Environment (IDE) Software are profiled on a global scale.
  • The market outlook, gross margin study, price, and type analysis is explained.

Moreover, the report has analyzed the world’s main region PHP Integrated Development Environment (IDE) Software market conditions, including the product price, profit, capacity, production, supply, demand, and industry growth rate and forecast, etc. The report offers a detailed rundown of each segment considering their overall growth, demand, sales, production, and market performance. Additionally, the financial overview, recent developments, SWOT analysis, product portfolio, and mergers and acquisitions in the market have been discussed in depth.

Customization of the Report:
This report can be customized to meet the client’s requirements. Please connect with our sales team , who will ensure that you get a report that suits your needs. You can also get in touch with our executives on +1-201-465-4211 to share your research requirements.

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Credits : Webmaster-toolkit

Programming and web development have become some of the most demanded skills, with greater sources of employment and better pay in the workplace, which is why several people have been interested in learning them.

At present most of the startups are related to the world of technology, and in general, almost all businesses and companies need a site web, because the Internet is the primary way to locate information.

For this reason, it is logical that people capable of developing websites and web applications are highly sought after, since their skills are extremely beneficial for most companies.

In addition, there is so much demand and programming is such a practical skill, that there is not even a need for a degree in engineering or computer science, as long as you have the necessary knowledge and experience, and have a good portfolio to show.

These tips could make your way to learn web development easier:

  1. Learn HTML, CSS and JavaScript

When you’re just starting to research web development, how to learn it and how to get a job, you’ll probably find several titles, such as Front end developer, Back end developer, Full stack developer, Dev ops engineer, and so on.

The most important thing is to know that a front end developer implements what the user sees and how it interacts with the site. This involves HTML, CSS and JavaScript technologies, in addition to others such as Sass or React, but these have been created based on the three mentioned lines above.

On the other hand, a back end developer takes care of what the user does not see, therefore, it is on the server side. Things like databases, creation and management of accounts and other things. Many languages ​​and technologies can be used here, including JavaScript (most popular language on the web).

  1. Make sure you understand the basics

When we are starting to learn something and are excited about it, it is normal to want to learn how to do all those things that we like to do, such as our favorite web apps.

However, in an area like programming, making sure you really understand the basics of programming is extremely important, because we will know why we should do something to solve a problem.

  1. Follow a curriculum

The internet is full of resources to learn programming and web development, with excellent interactive tutorials, videos, articles, courses and books. But sometimes it can be difficult to know where to start and what to learn.

For this reason, it is worth looking for courses that focus on teaching the basic skills you need, and that follow a curriculum, as these courses will cover what you should know to get started, and will probably include projects that will allow you to do more meaningful things. .

  1. Complete projects

Most people with experience in programming and web development will advise completing the project. But this could be very intimidating for someone who is just beginning.

Resources like website builder focus on projects, so it is a great source to find out what to do, and it can be complemented with other resources that focus more on theory and syntax.

  1. Do not be overwhelmed by the choice of languages ​​and technologies

One of the most intimidating things about web development, especially in the JavaScript ecosystem, is the emergence of new technologies such as frameworks, libraries or APIs from time to time.

Web development is one of the areas of programming with more people working on it today, and for this reason people are constantly creating new tools to make the job easier.

But there is no need to learn each of these new technologies, even if you already have a lot of experience, because these are tools, and you should learn them when you really consider them necessary for what you are trying to do.

  1. Be patient and enjoy the way

Web programming and development are areas where there is a lot of knowledge and practice involved, and basically you decide when to stop learning, because there is always something new to learn.

There are many stories of people without any previous knowledge or experience in computing, who began to learn web development and programming and got a job after a few months or a few years.

It’s okay to want to get that dream job, but it’s also important to really enjoy what you’re doing and learning. Programming and web development allow you to create, express and improve your logic, which will allow you to do many exciting things and it is worth being patient.

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Credits : Packtpub

PHP type declarations allow you to specify the type of parameters and return values acceptable by a function. Though for most of the functions, the acceptable parameters and possible return values will be of only one type, there are cases when they can be of multiple types.

Currently, PHP supports two special union types. One is the nullable types that you can specify using the ‘?Type’ syntax to mark a parameter or return value as nullable. This means, in addition to the specified type, NULL can also be passed as an argument or return value. Another one is ‘array’ or ‘Traversable’ that you can specify using the special iterable type.

The Union Types 2.0 RFC proposes to add support for arbitrary union types, which can be specified using the syntax T1|T2|… Support for Union types will enable developers to move more type information from ‘phpdoc’ into function signatures. Other advantages of arbitrary union types include early detection of mistakes and less boilerplate-y code compared to ‘phpdoc’. This will also ensure that type is checked during inheritance and are available through Reflection.

This RFC does not contain any backward-incompatible changes. However, existing ReflectionType based code will have to be adjusted in order to support the processing of code that uses union types.

The RFC for union types was first proposed 4 years ago by PHP open source contributors, Levi Morrison and Bob Weinand. This new proposal has a few updates compared to the previous one that Popov shared on the PHP mailing list thread:

  • Updated to specify interaction with new language features, like full
    variance and property types.
  • Updated for the use of the ?Type syntax rather than the Type|null syntax.
  • It only supports “false” as a pseudo-type, not “true”.
  • Slightly simplified semantics for the coercive typing mode.

In a Reddit discussion, many developers welcomed this decision. A user commented, “PHP 8 will be blazing. I can’t wait for it.” While some others felt that this a one step backward. “Feels like a step backward. IMHO, a better solution would have been to add function overloading to the language, i.e. give the ability to add many methods with the same name, but different argument types,” a user expressed.

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Over the last 10 years, Python had two spikes of popularity while Java, JavaScript, C#, and SQL dominated software development. TechRepublic looked at the numbers and talked to a dozen professionals to understand which languages had the biggest impact on the industry. 

Developers favored a few other languages briefly during the 2010s, including Ruby, Swift, and PHP. Java and JavaScript, however, had the biggest impact.
 
This review includes three measures of popularity:

  • The Tiobe Index based on search queries 
  • Developer surveys from Stack Overflow
  • Languages used in technical interviews from Karat 

The Tiobe Index tracks the popularity of programming languages from month to month and year to year based on search queries. The Programming Language Hall of Fame lists the language that had the highest rise in rankings each year:

  • 2018 – Python
  • 2017 – C
  • 2016  – Go
  • 2015 – Java
  • 2014  – JavaScript
  • 2013 – Transact-SQL
  • 2012  – Objective-C
  • 2011  – Objective-C
  • 2010  – Python

Briana Brownell, founder and CEO of the analytics company PureStrategy.ai, said that Python has had the biggest impact in the data science community.

“Machine learning is fast becoming a mainstay of technology, and Python is way ahead in terms
of scientific computing and data analysis,” she said.

Jeff Rouse, vice president of product at ActiveState, said that Python strikes the right balance between ease of use and functional capability.
 
“At the start of the modern AI revolution (circa 2010), Python was suddenly the best candidate to bring machine learning out of academia and into mainstream businesses,” he said. “The result has been an explosion in intelligent automation that has transformed key parts of multiple industries, from fraud detection to customer support (via chatbots/digital voice assistants) to spam filters, and supported solutions are now part of most people’s daily lives.”

Asking developers directly

Stack Overflow has been tracking developers’ habits and coding preferences since 2011 with annual surveys. The first Developer Survey got 2,532 respondents. That year the hot topics were job satisfaction and smartphone wars. In the 2012 survey, the most popular languages were SQL, JavaScript, CSS, C#, and Java. In 2013, SQL was at the top of the list and PHP joined the top 5, replacing CSS. By the middle of the decade in 2015, JavaScript was at the top of the list. 

Transformify CEO Lilia Stoyanov said PHP has had a big influence over the last decade, even if it is already considered outdated. She said many of her clients come to Transformify for help hiring  developers who can work in PHP. 

“It is a widespread language, it’s easy to find developers, and the pay rates are lower,” she said. “I don’t believe that PHP will disappear anytime soon.”

In 2019, almost 90,000 developers took the Stack Overflow survey and the top five list among professional developers looked like this:

  1. JavaScript     70%
  2. HTML/CSS    63%
  3. SQL               57%
  4. Python           39%
  5. Java               39%

The same five languages ruled the top four spots from 2013 to 2017: JavaScript, SQL, Java, and C#. In 2018, HTML and CSS pushed out C# and Python. 

A cybersecurity researcher and software engineer, Akshay Sharma, said that Java and JavaScript had completely changed the industry in many ways.

“JavaScript made ‘serverless’ architecture possible with languages like NodeJS and AngularJS. Previously, one would’ve never even imagined using a client-side language to serve the purposes of a back-end server,” he said. “This led to not only creation of new jobs but a new way of ‘thinking’ on the programmer’s part when conceptualising software projects: recycling the same technologies but using them for a different purpose.”

Bryan Becker, product manager at WhiteHat Security, said there’s no sign of Java ever going away.

“You can complain as much as you want about Javascript but a lot more people know programming now, which is a good thing,” he said.

Venkat Venkataramani, co-founder and CEO of Rockset, said that SQL is still the language of choice for developers building data-driven applications.

“It is annoying to write custom code in order to glue together a data pipeline and it is also notoriously difficult to learn a bunch of domain-specific query languages for different NoSQL databases,” he said. “Turns out the killer feature that is missing from NoSQL systems is SQL, and this explains the renewed interest in SQL.”

Testing technical skills

The Stack Overflow surveys reflect the languages people are learning and using on the job. The next set of data reveals the data job candidates use during a technical interview.

Karat manages the interview process for companies hiring software engineers. Karat trains experienced engineers to conduct technical interviews and to use an interview platform to record the interview, capture a candidate’s code, and create structured feedback. 

Karat shared these stats from the last three years that reflect language use in technical interviews conducted in a given month.

The company’s VP of Engineering Zach van Schouwen said that Java and Python are the most popular languages for candidates in technical interviews, in part because these languages are most frequently taught in university computer science classes. JavaScript, C#, and C++ tend to be used by more experienced or specialized programmers, so they don’t see the same bumps in the fall interview cycle.

These stats reflect the languages a job candidate used during a technical job interview to complete an assigned task.

Van Schouwen said that the reason for the rise of Python is that it tends to be a preferred language for AI/ML-focused and cloud-native programmers compared to Java. Another reason for Python’s rise in popularity is that it’s a really succinct language. 

“Verbosity is a factor that can trip up engineering candidates using a language like Java—it just takes longer to get through code in a timed environment,” he said.

Josh Vickery, SquareFoot’s vice president of engineering, said that when he graduated in 2002, the dot-com bubble had just burst and he spent nights reverse-engineering the framework he was supposed to be using.

“The market has changed a lot since then; now people are learning frameworks on the job,” he said.

Vickery said when SquareFoot, a real estate technology company, recently started building with Python, he budgeted self-directed learning to bring staff members up to speed.

“A reasonably experienced software engineer can learn on the job without coming to a complete standstill,” he said. “Also, this is the first time I chose a language based on hiring potential.”

Improving security

Alexandre Rebert, co-founder and developer at ForAllSecure, a cybersecurity company, said that an important development in the last decade has been an even stronger focus on security and a push to replace memory unsafe languages like C and C++. 

“This explains, in part, the rise of memory safe languages, like Python, Java, C# or the rise of Go in infrastructure tooling,” he said. “More importantly, Rust has introduced a fundamental new approach to memory safety, offering an alternative to garbage collection for memory management. While still young, the safety concepts introduced in Rust are likely to be a strong influence in the coming decade.”

Becker said the shift left trend is encouraging more developers to use languages that are secure by design. 

“It is really, really hard to program something in Rust that is not secure,” he said.

Other influential languages

Although Ruby and Ruby on Rails do not show up at the top of any of these lists, the language had an impact on the industry. Stephen Fiser of Central Standard Technologies said that what made Ruby on Rails so successful was the concept of “convention over configuration.” 

“Rails pushed the idea that if you stick to simple naming conventions, there is very limited need to configure the set up,” he said. “You can just type a few simple commands and have an entire basic app up and running. This led to massive improvements in efficiency which is essential to launching new products.

Becker also named Ruby and Ruby on Rails as an influential language.

“It was the first framework that was easy to use and that changed web development forever,” he said.

Quinn Slack, co-founder and CEO of the code intelligence company Sourcegraph, said that the most influential programming language of the last 10 years is the multi-language application.  

“Previously, developers would spend years writing code in a single language,” he said. “Now, their applications are a mix of the best frontend language (like TypeScript), the best backend language (Go), the best high-performance language (Rust), the best language for machine learning components (Python) and the languages for mobile applications (Swift, Kotlin, Objective-C, Java, etc.).”

What about the future?

Transformify CEO Stoyanov said recently employers have been looking for blockchain developers and machine learning experts. Employers want people with experience to fill these roles, which is a challenge because the technology is relatively new. Stoyanov predicts this shortage will last at least three more years.
 
“It is much harder to learn machine learning vs. traditional programming languages – it’s not for everyone,” she said. “PHP and Java could be mastered by people with mid-level math skills but machine learning requires advanced math and logic skills.”

Becker of WhiteHat Security is a fan of Rust and believes that Go and Python will continue to be popular.

“Security tools are built in Python and Go—those are great languages to be skilled at,” he said. “Also, Web Assembly is growing in popularity, everyone is excited to see where it is going.”

Rouse at ActiveState, an open source languages company, said Go is a great choice for developers who are interested in making a long-term investment in a language for their long-lived applications.  

“It scales exceedingly well for web services and Go is ideally suited for building a microservices architecture,” he said.

Vlad Ionescu, chief architect at the software company ShiftLeft, sees a need to go back to strongly typed languages to improve security and make maintenance easier. Although it’s easy to build a prototype faster with JavaScript, Python, and Ruby, it’s harder to maintain the code base long-term, he said.

Ionescu names Go and TypeScript as good examples of taking the learnings from both older languages and newer languages and not repeating the same mistakes.  

Calvin French-Owen, co-founder and CTO of Segment, a data integration company, said Golang and Typescript are both rising in popularity.

“Golang is one of those influential languages that has quickly become the ‘swiss army knife’ of building servers and distributed systems and I believe it’s poised to replace most other languages when it comes to concurrent programming,” he said. “TypeScript will help developers tackle programming challenges at scale.”

Vickery of SquareFoot said if you like what you’re doing right now, there’s no reason to pick a new language.
“If someone’s paying you to do it now, there’s probably 10 more people who want to pay you to do it, too,” he said.

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Credits : Appinventiv

Has it ever happened to you that you try to achieve something but the end result was totally unanticipated?

Sometimes good things are an accident – Electricity, Discovery of America, Gravity, and PHP.

Wait, what?

Actually, PHP was never intentionally designed. Rasmus Lerdorf, a Danish software engineer attempted to design an easy common gateway interface by using the C language that would help him track views on his CV. Little did he know what he had created for such a menial task is going to change the face of web applications.

As for Python, the language has its own fan following spread worldwide.

What is there to see is how these two fare when put under juxtaposition. Yes! We are talking about the popular battle of PHP vs Python.

So, why don’t we begin the first round by discussing what they are, individually?

What is Python?

Well, of course, it’s not a snake (pun intended). 

For real, Python is one of the few best web programming languages for web development that is winning the hearts of many around the world. It is a non-complex object-oriented, high-level, interpreted language, possessing amazing built-in data structures connected with dynamic typing and binding. It is features such as these that make developers choose this language for efficient and effective app development.

What is more, it is a scripting language that is proficient in binding and combining numerous components together. To add another jewel to its crown, it favors cross-platform development, making it ideal for web and mobile app development.

In fact, Python had recently won second place as the most popular language on Github, beating Java to dust and is one of the most loved languages.

Features of Python programming language

Fast in nature

There is no compiling in Python, for the programs are added to the interpreter which runs them directly. This is something that happens for the rest of the programming languages. It is very easy and quick to get access to the feedback on your Python code like recognizing errors, etc. Due to reasons like this, Python has the ability to execute and finish the programs speedily in comparison to other languages.

Supports test-driven development

With Python app development, coding and testing go hand-in-hand, something that is a tried and tested way to the efficacious development process. Developers are able to develop prototypes of the applications as Python allows them to refactor the code.

Amazing standard library

Another probable feature of Python programming language that enabled it to beat Java on Github, is its collection of impeccable libraries. Python’s robust standard library supports the programmers in choosing modules as per the requirements demand. Here every module allows developers to add other multiple functionalities even when the process is about to complete and that too without any additional coding. 

{Bonus- Java vs Python: Who is Winning the Coding Battle?}

Support for Big Data

If you have been looking forward to working on the Big Data technology but aren’t sure what should be in your tool set, then trust me, Python will be all you need to start with. This programming language is being used extensively in Big Data development; simply because it is faster and has a lot of libraries in store, that are in harmony with Big Data.

Highly compatible

Python is the first choice of developers who want to do away with the recompilation process. It is because along with supporting numerous OS like iOS, Android, Windows, etc., it allows developers to use Python interpreters to run the same code on all platforms and even modify it without performing recompilation. And on top of it, it allows programmers to check the code almost instantly when the changes are made.

Advantages of Python 

  • Object-oriented and cross-platform programming language
  • Portable in nature due to WORA functionality
  • Highly readable, making it easy for beginners
  • It is open-source, a feature which makes it easily accessible
  • It is a constantly evolving language

Disadvantages of Python

  • Slightly in-effective in mobile computing and browsers
  • Design restrictions: Duck-typing may cause run-time errors
  • Delayed testing of web applications
  • A little too simple for certain tasks

Popular apps made with Python

What is PHP?

Speaking of the name itself, it has a little kick to it. The acronym does not fully describes its full form which is Hypertext Preprocessor. It is also an open-source scripting language (means a script-based program) that is server-side in nature facilitating web app development.

Additionally, it is possible to embed PHP in HTML to create dynamic web pages for web applications, database apps, and E-Commerce apps. In fact, developers consider it to be a pretty friendly language as it can connect with databases like Oracle, MySQL, etc. 

Features of PHP

Highly flexible and scalable

To be successful, a language should be flexible and scalable enough to give a wiggle room to programmers to have fun, something which PHP clearly offers. It can be easily integrated with other programming languages, namely, Java and others. The components built with this language are reusable.

There are many extensions available to enable different functionalities, that help in defining many kinds of project requirements. 

Fast loading speed

Speed plays a crucial role in making any programming language a favorite of developers. PHP is considered to be a high-speed rendering language as it easily establishes a connection with the database to fetch the requested data in less time as compared to many languages out there in the market.

Supports Cross-platform development

PHP is no way behind Python in catering multiple platforms, i.e, it is also a cross-platform language that helps developers in creating web applications for operating systems such as UNIX, LINUX, Windows, and more. What is more, it also supports Apache and MySQL database. 

Loosely typed language

PHP is denoted as a loosely typed language as it supports variable usage without even declaring its data type. It will be taken at the time of the execution based on the kind of data it has on its value.

Error Reporting

One of the amazing features of PHP is that it has a function that generates a warning notice when something is wrong, allowing the developers to address the issues in real-time.

Advantages of PHP

  • Has an enormous ecosystem
  • Object-oriented and open-source language with an active community
  • Interoperability- has numerous pluggable frameworks
  • Supports first-class debugging

Disadvantages of PHP

  • Threaded and slower execution
  • No Internet of Things community support
  • Limited visibility and control
  • Externally dependent 

Popular apps made with PHP

Python vs PHP: Battle begins

1. Performance and speed

Speed is often synonymous with great performance in web applications. And in the case of PHP vs Python performance, it is no different.  It is crucial for web apps to perform error-free while processing millions of requests at a time. PHP is considered to be much more effective at speed. Though PHP 5.x was fast, PHP 7.x broke its own records, leaving average Python programs to dust. It completes the tasks almost 3 times faster. 

2. Syntax and code readability

Syntax plays a prominent part as a point of difference between PHP and Python. To be brief, the syntax of PHP kind of resembles that of the C language. The programmers have to be careful and need to use curly brackets, operators, and additional characters. What is more, developers can also ignore the white spaces while the compilation is on-going, bringing the additional usability that will assist in structuring the code into logical components.

As of Python, the syntax is made on the separation of codes with spaces and tabs, expediting the process of coding to a great extent. Moreover, Python’s syntax is readable which makes it easy for beginners to learn it effectively.

3. Price

It is a good thing that both languages are open-source which means nothing but that they are free to use. In fact, developers have advocated that these even though free in nature, maybe better than some of the paid frameworks.

4. Library Support

What gives Python an edge in the battle of PHP vs Python is that it has exceptionally extensive and well-developed library support for all types of Python applications. Some of the most preferred libraries that developers use in Machine learning development along with others are TensorFlow, Theano, Scikit, etc. 

Though PHP is lagging behind, it also has packages repository “Packagist” that is pretty popular among the developers. 

5. Web frameworks

Both PHP and Python have loads of responsive and incredible web frameworks to start with. For Python frameworks, some that stand out the most are Django, Bottle, CherryPy, Pyramid, and more. 

As for PHP frameworks, we have Laravel, Codeigniter, Zend, Symphony, and so on. As both Python and PHP provide a pretty good variety of choices to the developers, beginners are still a little bit more inclined towards Python’s Django framework because it is mighty fast.

6. Debugging

To give you the verdict on this point of comparison of PHP and Python before even diving deep into it, we have to say that it is a draw. 

You ask why? Well, if Python has “Python Debugger” (PDB), a well-documented and facile debugger, then PHP has its “XDebug” package; both offering the most basic debug features – stacks, path mapping, breakpoints, and more. 

7. Front-end feasibility

Web programmers also look forward to developing the layout or the front-end of their websites and portals using numerous effective tools along with languages like Bootstrap, CS, Angular, etc. Python here provides numerous opportunities for the developers to adopt the same techniques and later combine it with Python code by employing frameworks.

This way, designers can easily design websites, whereas the backend developers find it easy to use via a much subtle and understandable language like Python. So, definitely, Python here wins over the PHP. 

8. Usability

It is prominent to consider the architecture of the languages before we conjecture anything in favor of either language. 

The fact that both Python and PHP are object-oriented translate into that they compress code modules containing some functions and data in objects. So, any developer who is even a little bit familiar with object-oriented programming can use either of the languages.

9. Maturity

On the grounds of maturity, Python is inevitably the winner since it was first introduced in 1989 by Guido van Rossum and released in 1991. Its latest update 3.8.0 was released recently on 14 October 2019. It is the most mature and secure among the technologies which make the fundamental building blocks of the intricate mosaic that is the IT industry.

As for PHP, it was created in 1994 by Rasmus Lerdorf. Though not as mature as Python, it still has created a still in the market with its features. The very first manifestation of PHP was a simplistic set of Common Gateway Interface (CGI) binaries that were written in the C language. The latest version of PHP is 7.2.7. 

10. Package Management

Speaking of Python, its package managers are effective in organizing the code and keeping the backups along with the version numbers. It helps the developers track their progress while helping businesses perform regular updates on the activities.

As of PHP, though is package management, however, it doesn’t match up to the PIP, a tool to manage and install Python packages. It allows developers to install, upgrade, and even uninstall while using a wide range of sources for external as well as internal libraries.

11. Market Popularity

If you want to judge or compare two things, market popularity tops the list of points of comparison, because it indicates why developers and programmers love something.

Looking at this graph above we can surmise that Python is the most searched on the web in the US as compared to PHP.

It has been observed that 7,212,664 websites have been developed using PHP, and as for Python, the number amounts to be 146,702. What is more, PHP is leading in countries like the US, Japan, Germany, and other 150+ countries. In a survey by w3techs.com, as you can see in the graph, it is evident that as of May 29, 2019, PHP was the most popular language based on traffic.

12. Versatility

Python in comparison to PHP is evidently versatile in nature as it is an ideal choice for developing websites integrated with Machine Learning and AI. It comes with an abundance of libraries that support these technologies and facilitate their integration into the web apps.

13. Well-thought-out design

While comparing PHP vs Python for backend, we found that Python, as compared to PHP, is fairly easy to grasp. Python has a well-thought-out-design (refers to the method used to insert code) than PHP. This means that developers find it easy to program for backend with Python than they do with PHP. It is simply because Python is a flexible yet robust programming language, something that PHP lacks.

14. Documentation

Well, it is a draw. Both languages have an abundance of documentation spread across the internet. Any beginner can easily find resources and documents related to any aspect of these languages and can get answers to even the most complicated queries- All thanks to their communities. 

15. Environment Management

Speaking of environment managers, Python is extremely lucky in this regard. There are some terrific breed applications to manage the environment. One such example is Virtualenv – a system that is used to install and use numerous versions of Python simultaneously and switch them as often as needed with ease.

Though PHP also has an analog for Virtualenv known as VirtPHP.  However, it is advised to use containers.

16. Learning Curve

Starting with PHP, being a straightforward language, it has a fairly low learning curve. It is ideal to learn PHP for short-term projects, but if you want to learn something that gives long-term benefits then Python is your match. 

Though on its own PHP is easy to learn, however in comparison to Python, PHP has a steep learning curve for Python is the most readable and easily comprehensible language. It is because the language uses a much simpler syntax.

17. Community Support

Both languages enjoy the support of active communities. It is a crucial aspect for a beginner to consider before committing oneself to a particular language, simply because the learning process is full of doubts and queries and having strong support resolves half the issues.

However, we have to admit that community support of PHP is outstanding, given how actively they have been deprecating the language’s outdated aspects.

18. Salary and Job opportunities

While considering the payscale of both languages, we found that Python developers, on average, make somewhere around $120,024 every year in the United States. Whereas, PHP developers make an average of $86,017 per year.

In fact, you can see in the image above that Python developers, globally make nearly $63k, whereas PHP did not even make it to the list accumulated by Stack Flow.

Final Thoughts

To end this discussion, we would state the most obvious – both languages are differently capable in all aspects. One may surpass the other in one aspect and may lose in others. They both have their own set of features and functions to perform. 

They are a paradox in themselves; there are many similarities between PHP and Python,  and at the same time are dissimilar as well in many aspects.

Nevertheless, Python has emerged to be the winner in most of the comparison points such as documentation, job opportunities, salary, etc. So, it is up to an individual which one they choose based on their requirements.

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Credits : Windstreetz

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