Credits : Techrepublic

With developers accounting for some of the most in-demand job positions, companies should look toward these 10 countries for top talent, according to Diffbot.

Developers occupied nearly half of the job positions on Glassdoor’s most in-demand tech jobs of 2019. However, US companies are still facing a tech talent shortage when looking for quality software developers to join their teams. 

This tech talent shortage has forced many US organizations to instead look overseas for necessary developer skills. To help guide companies toward top developers, artificial intelligence (AI) startup Diffbot compiled a list of the top EU countries with the best software development workforce. 

Using the Diffbot Knowledge Graph, the report used 2.5 million records of identified skills to find the best locations with developer talent. Here are the top 10 countries in the EU with the best software developer talent: 

  1. Sweden 
  2. Netherlands
  3. United Kingdom
  4. Ireland
  5. Finland
  6. Denmark
  7. Belgium
  8. France
  9. Italy
  10. Portugal

Similar to the US, these foreign countries also have a tech gender gap. While the Netherlands was one of the top locations for software development talent, it also had the worst gender gap for software engineers, with men making up 74% of those in the field, while Ireland had the most even split, at almost 50/50 men/women, the report found. 

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Credits : Customerthink

Website development is a crucial part of technological development. Websites give individuals and corporates a presence on the internet. The sites also act as platforms where different stakeholders can interact, exchanging products as well as ideas. With more people and companies moving to online spaces, it is no wonder that website development is growing in demand. Website development can be a tedious process, involving a lot of time as well as manpower. It is a process that often includes a lot of hurdles that need to be overcome in order for the website to work seamlessly. The coding process also has multiple areas that need to be taken care of before the website is up and running.

To make the website development easier, many programmers are now turning to PHP frameworks that make the process more efficient. These frameworks are designed to perform certain tasks during the coding process, thereby reducing the amount of work a programmer needs to put into the coding process. Even better, they come with in-built automated tasks to reduce on the number of codes that need to be developed when creating a website. Laravel development is an example of such a framework. It is increasingly being chosen over PHP frameworks for the following reasons.

User authentication

First, Laravel enables coders to input authentication features for websites and applications. Authentication plays a key role in securing personal information and company data found online. Laravel developer frameworks offer several authentication methods, allowing a programmer to choose one that fits that specific website perfectly. Examples include a feature that allows websites to ask users to re-enter their passwords again when trying to log in. For other sides, Laravel enables the website to send messages to their users, whenever the person’s details are used to sign in.

Mail communication services

Many online platforms are created to form spaces for interaction between different stakeholders. An example is online shopping websites where customers can shop and buy goods online. Many service providers also consider customer care integral to their businesses, and need a website that allows their customers to send them messages easily. These business owners can hire Laravel developer teams to help with this. Laravel has multiple mail services built for this exact purpose. The services make it possible for the website owner to receive messages as soon as they are sent by a client. This way, they can respond to the inquires immediately. Prompt and effective communication is at the heart of a great customer experience. This should not change just because a business decides to offer their services online.

Fast applications

Laravel also features multiple functions that are meant to make applications run faster. A slow application can often translate to poor customer experience, which in turn leads to reduced profits. This can prove very detrimental to business, beating the purpose of an online site in the fast place. Laravel frameworks are able to get rid of bugs that slow down applications. They also reduce website crashes, giving the site more stability even when it is receiving a lot of traffic.

Technical issues

The best Laravel developer clients also love the framework for being able to fix technical vulnerabilities within a website, during development. Such vulnerabilities include susceptibility to attacks by viruses. Viruses can slow a website down, lead to loss of information, as well access to confidential data by unwanted third parties. Laravel prevents this well in advance, allowing website owners to work safely.

Web errors

Configuration errors are bound to come up every so often when a user is interacting with the website. A good example is when they key in any incorrect information, meaning that a step by step process will not work as it is meant to. Such errors are very easy to correct because the client can easily be redirected and asked to provide the right details. This would only work on a website with the right configuration error set-up. A senior PHP Laravel developer would use the framework to create a redirection system for customers. In such an arrangement, a guide would pop up after a configuration error, prompting the customer to correct the problem. Without such an arrangement, customers will be at a loss on what to do when the error pops up.


There is also a need to hire teams for the purpose of testing if a website runs properly before it is launched. Laravel has automated testing features that are used during the programming process. They are aimed at fixing any errors and bugs before they begin to cause actual problems on the website. Without Laravel frameworks, the programmer would need to evaluate the entire code to make sure it is free of errors. Even then, there would be no guarantee that all the problems will have been fixed. Additionally, conducting a test run would be the only way to find out if the code actually works, and can sustain the website

Traffic control

Online consumer traffic is always fluctuating, but many business owners tend to experience an influx of customers at around the same period. Messages from the same customers will also be sent at around the same time, thereby increasing the chances of too much data being processed on the website at once. Laravel allows for controlled traffic flow, meaning that the data is processed in batches to reduce congestion. It also has important features such as mail scheduling, to be used when the business owner cannot respond to inquiries immediately they are sent.


All the above features can be created using codes, during the actual website development process. However, this usually involved a lot of hard work. In addition, the website developers might need to partner with other companies to get additional features for their sites. Laravel acts as a one-stop for all these solutions. The framework provides simple fixes that go a long way in making a website more efficient.In addition to making the coding process easy, it streamlines all the requisite procedures, making coding much less messy and consolidated.

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Credits : Theserverside

By the year 2025, Google predicts that the number of IoT and Smart Devices in operation will exceed that of non-IoT devices. Statista also predicts a similar growth pattern, in which the proliferation of IoT devices will be three times more than today’s usage.

Any way you slice it, the transformation to an IoT dominant world is going to cause a seismic shift in the way software is used, the way it’s made and the overall future of front-end software development. Soon enough, most computing activities will no longer revolve around the human-machine interaction. Rather, it will be about machine-machine interaction. And, of the human-machine interactions that remain, most will not involve a person that swipes a screen, clicks a mouse or types on a keyboard. Human-machine interaction will be conducted in other ways, some too scary to consider.

The days of GUI-centric development are closing. Yet, few people in mainstream software development seem to notice. It’s as if they’re the brick and mortar bookstores at the beginning of the Amazon age. As long as people kept walking through the door to make purchases, life was great. But, once the customers stopped coming, few were prepared for the consequences.

The same thing will happen to the software industry if we’re not careful.

And, unlike the demise of Big Box retailers — which took decades — the decline in the use of apps based on traditional GUI interactions might very well occur within a decade or less. Other means of interaction will prevail.

The shift to voice

In the not too distant future, the primary “front end” for human-machine interaction will be voice driven. Don’t believe me? Consider this:

My wife, who I consider to be an average user, no longer uses her phone’s keyboard to “write” SMS messages. She simply talks to the device. She uses WhatsApp to talk to her friends. She “asks” Alexa to play music. She still does most of her online shopping on Amazon, but I suspect once she learns how to use Alexa to buy stuff, her time spent on e-commerce websites will diminish.

She still has manual interaction with our television, which is really a computer with a big screen. But she uses the remote’s up/down/left/right buttons in conjunction with voice commands to find and view content. There’s no keyboard involved… ever.

Her phone connects to her car via Bluetooth. She makes phone calls via voice and controls call interactions from the steering wheel. If she needs directions to a location, she talks to the Map app in the phone which then responds with voice prompts.

On the flip side, each day I have a multitude of interactions with computers. And yet, those that require the use of a keyboard and mouse are confined mostly to my professional work coding and writing. The rest involves voice and touch.

In terms of my writing work, I find that I spend an increasing amount of time using my computer as a digital stenographer. My use of the voice typing feature of Google Docs and an online transcription service is growing. I too am becoming GUI-less.

GUI-less commerce

There’s a good case to be made that for the near future, there will still be a good deal of commercial applications that require human-GUI interaction. Yet, as the number of IoT devices expand, more activity will instead be machine-machine and not require GUI whatsoever. All those driverless vehicles, warehouse robots, financial management applications and calls to Alexa or Siri will just push bits back and forth directly between IP addresses and ports somewhere in the cloud.

But, the good news is that the foreseeable future of creative coding is still very much in the domain of human activity. However, this too is changing.

More machines make more software than ever before, and most machine-generated code is made with existing models. Thus, the scope of creative programming by machines is limited. Nonetheless, it’s only a matter of time until AI matures to the point where it will be able to make software from scratch and the software that humans make will be about something else.

Sadly, few people in mainstream, commercial software development think about what that something else will be. Today, front end still means iOS, Android or whatever development framework is popular to make those nice GUI front ends. Few people can imagine any other type for the future of front-end software development. Even the application framework manufacturers are still focused on the GUI world.

When was the last time you heard a tech evangelist caution their constituency about the dangers ahead? That the world soon won’t need any more buttons to click or web pages to scroll?

That’s like asking horseshoe manufacturers to warn blacksmiths about the impact of that newfangled thing called an automobile. It’s just not in their best interest. But, it is in our best interest because the future of front-end software development in the post GUI world will provide amazing opportunities for those with foresight.

The amazing opportunity at hand

There’s a good deal of wisdom in the saying, “once one door shuts another door opens.” Even the most disruptive change provides immense opportunity if you pay attention. Think of it this way, Amazon is killing brick and mortar retailers but it’s been a boon for FedEx and UPS.

There is always an opportunity at hand for those with the creativity and vision to see it. Fortunately, creativity or vision is in no short supply among software developers. We’ve made something out of nothing since the first mainframe came along nearly seventy years ago. All we need to do now is be on the lookout for the next opportunity.

The question is, what will that next opportunity be? What will the new front-end in human-machine look like? If I were a gambling person, I’d put my money on the stuff we might think is too scary to consider today: implants.

Let me explain: I have a dental implant where a molar used to be. Right now that implant is nothing more than benign prosthesis in my mouth.

But think about this: given the fact that computers continue to miniaturize, how far are we from a time when that implant will be converted into a voice sensitive computing device that interacts with another microscopic audio device injected beneath my ear? Sound farfetched? Not really.

Twenty years ago nobody could watch a movie on their cellphone. Today it’s the norm. As Moore’s Law reveals, technological progress accelerates at an exponential rate.

Regardless of whether the future of front-end software development is implants or something else, one thing is for certain: it won’t be anything like what we have today. Those who understand this and seize the opportunity will prosper. The others? Well, I’ll leave it up to you to imagine their outcome.

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Credits : Thenextweb

The use of open-source software has grown during the last decade. Open-source software itself has improved dramatically, offering comparable functions as professionally authored titles, as well as low up-front costs and creative features.

But while open-source systems have benefits, there are a number of sticking points to watch. To help your teams and leaders identify where trouble can develop — so you can best prepare, or go with a different system — I asked a panel of experts from YEC the following question:

What is a major challenge for using or starting to use open-source software in your business? How can savvy teams solve the issue?

Their best answers are below:

1. Security

Open-source platforms can increase the risk of security breaches. You should consult with an IT security expert before committing to an open-source platform. A security professional should be able to help install safeguards to protect your data and prevent a cyber attack on your business. – Matthew Podolsky, Florida Law Advisers, P.A.

2. Confusing Complexity

It can become so complex that it goes against the functionality you are trying to create. It helps to have a developer team that can work through all of the open-source work and systematically works on integrating what others are trying to do. Collaborating on these features and integrations also helps both our business and those we are trying to assist. – John Rampton,Calendar

3. Updates

Open-source software is accessible and easy to implement, but it also poses some challenges. For instance, this type of software does not have a vendor releasing updates. Instead, developers must seek them out. To ensure they do, leaders must implement governance programs that require IT teams to manage patch through and updates to ensure they remain secure and functional. – Blair Thomas, eMerchantBroker

4. Community and Licensing

Making sure the software is maintained and has a large community to carry on its support, is crucial. Savvy teams could research the software better to look at the community history and involvement and contributors to the project. Another thing to be aware of is open source doesn’t always mean that it’s free. Also, making sure the licensing agrees with your business model and use case is extremely important. – Ashish Datta, Setfive Consulting

5. Training

Open source typically doesn’t have as great a set of training manuals and resources as the paid-and-packaged stuff. It’s important to make sure that you are able to implement the right training strategy for your team when you are going this route. Not recommended for big teams, that’s for sure. –Nicole Munoz, Nicole Munoz Consulting, Inc.

6. Lack of Customer Support

One challenge we’ve found with using some open-source software is in the lack of customer support. Oftentimes, you’ll need to reference an online forum when it’s easier to get someone on the phone to help. One way that we’ve overcome the lack of human customer support is by seeking answers in forums and also contributing to those forums. If you’ve figured something out, share how and help someone. – Joel Mathew, Fortress Consulting

7. Mystery Sources

When using open-source software that you didn’t create, you run into a problem with figuring out which sources are making changes to the code you’re using. This poses a serious problem, especially for business owners, because with the use of some open-source software you could unknowingly expose your hard work to hackers and exploits. – Blair Williams,MemberPress

8. Compatibility

In addition to issues with certain closed-source programs not working well with open-source ones, compatibility can also be an issue when your company is staffed with professionals who aren’t familiar with the software in question that prefers a closed-source alternative. In both of these cases, there are no easy solutions: You just have to commit to the necessary changes to make it work. – Bryce Welker, Beat The CPA

9. Learning Curve

For business owners who aren’t especially tech-savvy, open-source software such as WordPress can sometimes come with a steep learning curve. So, before you decide to use open-source software, test it out first. Read some online tutorials to see if you can get a handle on it. Alternatively, you can also check to see if someone on your team is skilled with the software and have them teach you. – Stephanie Wells, Formidable Forms

10. Not Prioritizing a Policy

The first thing you need to do is outline a policy for your business or organization on your open-source usage. Without it, developers on your team will use any components that they choose, which could cause multiple issues down the line. Establishing a clear, written policy is the best way to ensure you don’t run into incompatibilities or issues later on. – Chris Christoff, MonsterInsights

11. Seeing the Big Picture

Open-source software is great for business and there is a ton of valuable software across all sectors. However, due to the complex nature of open-source software, it can be hard to step back and look at the big picture when you’re creating your website or using the software. You may have to practice with the software and view your results to grasp the big picture. –David Henzel, LTVPlus

12. Not Realizing the Cost

One of the appeals of open-source software is cost. However, many companies fail to calculate the time commitment necessary to run and maintain the open-source code. It often takes time to manage open-source software problems. To avoid this, teams should compare the net cost of supporting operating systems with commercial alternatives to ensure that they are getting the biggest bang for their buck — and time. – Shu Saito,Fact Retriever.

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Credits : Yourstory

A decade ago, when people spoke about connected vehicles, they thought it was just another fad. And today, we can see connected vehicles already plying on the roads with cars having algorithms that can take real-time decisions to make driving safer.

Increasing urbanisation and the growth of mega cities is set to change the way people move around very soon. Technological innovations such as autonomy, electrification, connectivity, and sharing are forcing the auto industry to rethink the way people commute.

“The software component in cars is going to be a trillion-dollar opportunity in the next decade. Each car will have a supercomputer talking to the infrastructure and other cars on the road,” says Elmar Degenhart, CEO of Continental AG.

When this happens, the future of mobility is going to be viewed very differently. If India can leapfrog these technologies, there can certainly be a revolution in mobility. However, one thing is certain, all automotive technology – at least the software component – will be built in India for the world. According to data from Continental the software part will be a $1 trillion opportunity by 2030. Currently, it stands slightly over $250 billion.

Here are some of the technologies that will be part of the future of mobility across the world.


For large cities that are increasingly suffocating due to traffic congestion, robo-taxis offer an effective way of tackling the challenges of urban mobility.

Robo-taxis were introduced to help reduce traffic jams, accidents, air pollution, and to address the issue of parking spaces in cities.

According to a study by consulting firm Roland Berger, around one quarter of transportation tasks could be carried out by driverless vehicles by 2030.

After all, it is much smarter to operate less driverless vehicles on a near-continuous basis than to have countless private cars, which often sit in a parking space for long hours.

In addition, on campuses, amusement parks, and shopping malls, autonomous vehicles such as the “CUbE”, developed by German automaker Continental, could be used to reduce walking distances and to transport people.

To further advance the development of driverless mobility, Continental acquired a minority stake in the French company EasyMile SAS, a leading producer of driverless technologies and intelligent mobility solutions, in 2017. Continental is currently working on such mobility systems in the USA and Japan.

Similarly, Bosch and Daimler, which have a partnership to bring out autonomous vehicles in the next three years, have just been given a go-ahead by German authorities to test a fully autonomous parking valet technology. Both the companies are also working on robo-taxis.

Early this year, serial tech entrepreneur and Founder of Tesla Elon Musk also outlined his plans of launching robo-taxis next year. If Musk is to be believed, his company will be putting at least a million self-driving robo-taxis on the road in some parts of the US by 2020.

Blockchain-powered cars

Ethereum-based blockchain tokens are very popular with those who use crypto to trade items. The primary use case for blockchain is transparency, consensus, and a system of records. Above all, this works on decentralisation.

Now, companies such as Continental, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, and have built a blockchain for data sharing with car companies.

So, here’s how it works. If you are driving through a new city, and don’t have required information of a particular route, you can make use of blockchain technology to connect to the cloud service of car companies operating in the area. These companies will then pull data from their customers driving on the particular route, and provide you with the details.

Individuals or drivers, who are fine with sharing their data, will provide details such as traffic jams and location landmarks. The data will be shared with a company like Continental, which will beam the data back to the person who has requested for it.

The payment made for subscribing that data goes in the form of rewards tokens to the drivers who provide the data. The drivers can then redeem these tokens on a blockchain exchange for normal or fiat currency. 

“Sharing of vehicle data across vendors can solve some of the toughest traffic problems and improve driver experience by leveraging the power of swarm intelligence,” says Phil Davis, President, Hybrid IT, Chief Sales Officer, HPE.

“Together with Continental, we provide the key to unlock the value of this data treasure by not taking control of the data by ourselves, but by giving control to the drivers and car manufacturers,” he adds.

Apart from this, Bosch is working with an energy supplier, EnBW, on a prototype that uses blockchain technology to improve the electric car recharging process. The idea is to streamline and tailor the entire process to customers’ needs, so they can select, reserve, and pay for recharging services as they see fit.

For example, the operator can use the software to offer customers transparent pricing models, with options varying in real time, and according to the availability of charging stations.

The entire transaction – reservation and payment – will be a fully automated blockchain operation. This service can factor other customer preferences into the equation. For example, a customer who has kids and likes coffee could opt for a charging station with a playground and cafés nearby. Initial trials with this new system are underway.

A car that pays its own parking fees

To make parking less of a chore, Bosch and Siemens are jointly developing a second application, a smart parking-management system, based on blockchain. By making use of distributed ledger technology (DLT), cars will be able to communicate directly with parking facilities in their vicinity and negotiate the best terms.

As soon as the car reaches the entrance of a parking garage, it will identify itself at the entry barrier, which will then be raised without the driver having to remove a ticket from the dispenser. The driver will also be able to leave the parking garage without further ado, since the vehicle will have already communicated with the exit barrier and settled the parking fee in a virtual transaction.

At present, the prototype has been installed at Bosch’s Renningen research campus and at the Siemens campus in Munich.

Distributed structures 

Distributed structures means data is decentralised. Rather than a few platform providers storing data in their data centers, here it is spread across numerous servers.

“To build trust in digital ecosystems, we need open platforms in which users have the power to decide for themselves,” says Volkmar Denner, CEO of Bosch.

This will ultimately benefit people. If users are “captive,” a web platform provider can change its terms of use at will. By gaining independence from the big internet players, users no longer have to blindly accept such changes.

“We are building trust in internet platforms with these distributed structures. They enable many players to participate,” says Michael Bolle, board of management member and CDO/CTO, Bosch.

Distributed platforms operated by an ecosystem encompassing numerous equal partners are also better protected against external attacks.

LED lights– Illumination to communication

While many people regard autonomous vehicles and electric mobility as the future of automotive industry, the automotive lighting market is also fast catching up.

For instance, Continental is exploring the future of modern lighting systems with its new joint venture – Osram Continental GmbH. While Osram supplies state-of-the-art lighting technology, Continental takes care of the electronics and software

“We have created a new company that will rethink the future of automotive lighting,” says Dirk Linzmeier, CEO of Osram Continental.

The first product to emerge from the development pipeline includes the Smartrix modules, which enable glare-free high beam light and dynamic low beam light, and laser headlights with a reach of 600 meters.

Another product is a system that can project warning messages while driving on the road. For example, if there is an alert telling the driver about an uncovered drain on the road, people can avoid driving through the drain, and also avert any accident.

Commenting about the future of mobility, Elmar says: “The future is already moving from electric vehicle technology to fuel cells, and we are looking at the impact of those technologies by 2030.”

A fuel cell uses chemical reactions to produce energy rather than using metals like lithium or lead that enable current battery technologies.

At least what is real is the software component that enables the bridge between all these technologies, which is a trillion-dollar opportunity according to all automobile companies.

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Credits : Forbes

Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) aren’t academic research subjects anymore. Businesses, especially the disruptors and those who are entrenched in digital transformation, have been setting a trend for the adoption of these principles and applying them to yield rich dividends. This trend is now rampant, and it is clearly a favorite when it comes to enriching customer experiences and using data to arrive at smarter decisions, faster deliveries and sustainable businesses.

But here’s the burning question: In a race to get their hands on new-age technology, are technology businesses overlooking the other perks of AI that can accelerate the speed of their IT operations and impact their entire software development life cycle? AI is not limited to automating workflows. When used well by your executive staff and system administrators, AI can make all lives stress-free.

Automating And Augmenting Your IT Department

Now, imagine having sophisticated monitoring and management tools in place that can enable a self-service IT infrastructure. Having infrastructure templates ready for configuration can give you the confidence to scale on demand to support an ever-increasing volume, variety and velocity of deployments. In that scenario, deployments will be as fun as making chocolates out of silicon molds. With AI, you can implement various tools to fit your varied needs, including those for data input and more. HCL Technologies, an Indian multinational company, said their ElasticOps applies AIOps to maintain their managed cloud infrastructure service (a 50,000-instance environment) with 30 engineers.

To name a few tools that can aid AIOPs, I’d start with the cloud. With AI, you can build an automated scaling solution for your cloud platform for future flexibility before taking it live. Monitoring tools can extract utilization metrics of live instances via APIs. Even further, incident management tools can trigger alerts and, in certain instances, pass a percentile threshold, causing pre-scripted response and escalation patterns to be applied, according to the situation. Through all this time, your metric analytics and visualization suite can generate reports based on actionable data. And, these tools don’t even cover half of what can be done with AI and ML during software development.

Managing Your Customer Experience

In addition, there are tools to implement that will help you manage your customer experience. This is particularly helpful, considering the deluge of data that flows in and out of your systems every second — with social media reactions, helpdesk complaints and more. Forward-thinkers can have an APM (application monitoring system) installed to provide real-time insights that help IT teams and the company to avoid revenue-impacting outages.

A few years ago, Netflix found a way to put several experimental machine learning algorithms to good use and started automatically recommending personalized content to subscribers. Their attempts to redeem viewership and constantly gain a new set of subscribers using AI and ML technologies have never let them down. Apparently, the world’s favorite video streaming platform saved and earned big bucks with all these initiatives.

Along the same lines, Amazon acquired Kiva to automate the picking and packing process in their warehouse. According to them, their click-to-ship time went from a peak of 75 minutes to 15 minutes.

To yield such best results, companies should strive for a conversational model that can drive self-service operations to a point where operations professionals can switch their focus to other strategic elements with the enterprise. With a proactive APM, along with automated remediation and declarative provisioning and deployment, employees can address build-level failures, manage pipelines and releases and apply guided code fixes.

Automation: Is It All Or Nothing?

All of this said, the rule of thumb here is that you should never try to automate functions if they aren’t (at least) 80% stable and unchanging. Otherwise, you’d need human interference each time there is a new scenario that requires a change in your scripts. This is not nearly as productive as you’d like it to be, as script maintenance is a huge cost to your company.

When there is a shortage of talent that can draft clear and precise test cases, when there are not enough datasets to train your algorithms continuously, when buying or building the required AI system costs more than the anticipated value or when your functions specifically need general intelligence to address emotional factors, it is nearly useless to bring in AI.

An ideal set of AI solutions will automate your mundane tasks, recognize serious issues at hand, streamline interactions between your various teams and altogether magnify your return on investment. But adopting and investing in these mechanisms is as much a business decision as a technical one. The trick lies in drafting as-is and to-be business process maps, identifying where time is wasted in the current system and focusing on the value that new adoption can bring into the picture. With the right automation tools in place, your workforce can focus on elements that need human intelligence, not artificial intelligence.

Financing AI solutions and machine learning without monitoring and tracking your value stream is a straight path toward failure. To make the transition smoother, aim for incrementalism — slowly adopting one solution at a time. Your executive staff and major stakeholders should familiarize themselves with each solution and its potential and performance within the delivery pipeline. Conducting a value stream mapping exercise can help you identify the waste and the value that come along with each solution, which is especially important if you’re building the solution in-house and will incur development costs.

AI is already working its magic for various e-commerce, retail, health care, banking, logistics and social media giants. It can certainly keep your software development business armed to survive in an automated world.

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Credits : Forbes

In the early 2000s, a courageous security initiative saved a major software company. At the time, this company was beleaguered with security vulnerabilities. Their products were being regularly hacked and ridiculed in the marketplace. It seemed like they had become a poster child for insecurity, and it was damaging their business. How did they respond? Did they start legal action against hackers? Did they attempt to blame victims? Did they suppress the bad press?

No. This company made the choice to do better. They made security their “highest priority” — a fight they knew they could win. They stopped development on all their products, fixed weaknesses and put their developers through security training. They designed new security controls, set new standards, created new processes and even wrote their own security tools. And it seems to have worked.

That company was Microsoft, and their “Trustworthy Computing” initiative was a huge success. Over the ensuing decade, I saw them reclaim their reputation, take back the market and reestablish their industry leadership. As Bill Gates said in 2002: “all those great features won’t matter unless customers trust our software. So now, when we face a choice between adding features and resolving security issues, we need to choose security.”

Today, the fight is on your doorstep.

Today, your company faces an existential challenge. You’ve turned everything distinctive about your company into code. Meanwhile, the hacking game has moved up the stack — from the operating system to your application layer. Hackers may be able to easily access your web applications and web APIs, which are likely full of valuable data and capabilities and rife with vulnerabilities. Many organizations simply don’t include software risk in their decision process — this is the dangerous seduction of automation.

If you’re like the typical Fortune 1000 financial, insurance or health care company, you have thousands of these web applications and web APIs, both “internal” and “external” (as if that distinction means anything anymore). Web applications can include millions of lines of custom code, open source libraries and configuration files, and I’ve seen that web flaws are a common cause of breaches. We’re not talking about super-complex, unique vulnerabilities that require specialized hacking skills to discover. Instead, they’re basic “blocking and tackling” problems that we’ve understood for many years, such as SQL injection, path traversal, cross-site scripting, weak access control and using libraries with known vulnerabilities.

Given all this, it’s not surprising that we have so many breaches. And remember, we may not hear about the vast majority of breaches — breach disclosure laws only apply in very narrow circumstances.

Are you abusing your customers’ trust?

Consider the trust that you put in the websites you use every day. Why do you trust these websites? What evidence do you have that they are safe? Relying on something without evidence is simply blind trust. Many organizations have the same myopia about their own software. They’ve convinced themselves that they are doing good security despite decades of vulnerabilities and breaches.

As Michal Zalewski said in The Tangled Web, “[Risk management] introduces a dangerous fallacy: that structured inadequacy is almost as good as adequacy and that underfunded security efforts plus risk management are about as good as properly funded security work.”

You can make a conscious choice, as Bill Gates did in 2002, to build trust with consumers over time. This isn’t about cost, as practicing strong security is likely to save you money over time. The challenge is moving your culture away from compliance, risk management, and “structured inadequacy” and toward continuous, transparent and convincing assurance.

If you think your company can’t produce a compelling argument that its applications are secure, consider whether abusing the trust of your customers is a good long-term business strategy.

Which company will step up?

Which company in your sector is going to dominate your market by creating trust? Which of your competitors is going to justify the trust people put in their web applications and APIs? Which will share the evidence showing how their code defends against the threats that matter?

One powerful way to share your security argument is in the form of a story. This is a structured approach that shows:

• You understand your application’s threat model

• You have the right security controls to counter your threats

• Your security controls are correct and effective

• You monitor your software for attacks and prevent vulnerabilities from being exploited (something my company helps with but that organizations can do independently)

The top half of your argument should be a set of claims you structure around your threat model. You can probably reverse-engineer it by simply asking “why” about the defenses you already have in place. The bottom half provides evidence justifying those claims. Your evidence can come from a variety of sources, but direct evidence that you generate from the running application is often the most compelling. Use this approach to focus on what matters so you can streamline your security work and avoid the tremendous potential for waste in the traditional “managing insecurity” approach. Ideally, you can generate the evidence to support your story by using a security as code approach.

Note that achieving trustworthy software doesn’t imply any particular organizational structure or engineering method. I believe the focus should be on achieving outcomes, not on trying to force your organization to follow a maturity model. Perhaps a team of experts does the work, or maybe it is fully automated, done once a year or outsourced entirely. The method you choose should match your engineering culture. Still, beware of “shifting left” by simply dumping security tools and activities on development.

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Credits : Itprotoday

Software testing is as old as software itself. However, the strategies, tools and processes that software delivery teams use to assure the quality of software are always changing. If you haven’t taken a look at the latest types of software testing, you might be missing out on some important strategies for making testing and QA faster and more efficient. Here’s a primer on modern software testing practices.

What Is Software Testing?

As anyone who has ever written code knows, software is a tricky thing. For a variety of reasons, code often does unexpected things when you run it. Your code could contain bugs that cause an application behavior problem. Your compiler might do something unexpected when it builds the code. There could be unexpected environment variables that cause strange behavior.

Software testing is as old as software itself. However, the strategies, tools and processes that software delivery teams use to assure the quality of software are always changing. If you haven’t taken a look at the latest types of software testing, you might be missing out on some important strategies for making testing and QA faster and more efficient. Here’s a primer on modern software testing practices.

What Is Software Testing?

As anyone who has ever written code knows, software is a tricky thing. For a variety of reasons, code often does unexpected things when you run it. Your code could contain bugs that cause an application behavior problem. Your compiler might do something unexpected when it builds the code. There could be unexpected environment variables that cause strange behavior.DO YOU WANT ACCESS TO2019 TECHNOLOGY SALARY SURVEY FINDINGS?YES, UNLOCK ACCESSNO, NOT RIGHT NOW

Software testing is the art and science of testing software to check for these and other problems that could cause software to behave in an unexpected or unacceptable way. In most cases, the main purpose of software tests is to ensure that IT teams discover problems within their applications before they impact end users.

There are many different types and categories of software tests, from performance and usability testing to security and load testing. Generally speaking, the software testing trends described below apply to all of these types of testing.

Shift-Left and Shift-Right Testing

One recent trend in software testing is so-called shift-left and shift-right testing.

Traditionally, software testing was performed near the “middle” of the software delivery pipeline: after your application had been built, but before it was released into production.

With shift-left testing, systematic tests begin earlier, as soon as code is written. And with shift-right testing, testing continues once software is in production in order to identify performance or usability problems that may be impacting your end users.

These software testing strategies build off of the broader shift-left and shift-right concepts associated with DevOps.


Speaking of DevOps, another important trend in software testing in recent years has been the embrace of so-called QAOps.

Whereas DevOps emphasizes close collaboration between developers and IT Ops departments, QAOps brings software test engineers into the fold by encouraging them, too, to coordinate with developers and ITOps engineers. The goal of QAOps is to make software testing (and quality assurance more generally) a fully integrated part of the software delivery pipeline, rather than a “siloed” operation.

QAOps hasn’t gained as large a following as some of the other DevOps offshoots, like DevSecOps. But it does represent an important new strategy for optimizing quality assurance operations.

Test Automation

Test automation is not an entirely new idea within the world of software testing. Test automation frameworks like Selenium have been around since the mid-2000s. What has changed today, however, is that automation has become the primary end goal for most QA teams.

This is true for two main reasons. First, the past decade has seen the explosion of automated testing frameworks designed to make it easy to write and run tests automatically, instead of having to have human engineers execute each one manually. Second, the demand for ever-faster software delivery ushered in by the DevOps movement means that, in many cases, automation is the only way for QA processes to keep pace with the rest of the software delivery pipeline.

It’s worth noting that few organizations achieve complete test automation. For most, automating something like 70%  of tests is a realistic goal. Certain tests, such as usability tests that involve monitoring how users interact with an application or react to a new interface, are best performed manually.

AI and Software Testing

AI is everywhere these days, and software testing is no exception. While there are a number of potential ways to apply AI to software tests, two stand out as approaches that are increasingly being adopted in the real world.

First is AI-powered “self healing” for automated test scripts. Using AI tools, QA teams are writing automated tests that can reconfigure themselves automatically to make a failed test run successfully, or respond to a configuration change within the test environment.

Second, AI-driven analytics are becoming more and more important for interpreting test data. That’s only natural: As automated testing makes it possible to run more and more tests at once, and as applications become ever-more complex, interpreting test results manually is less and less feasible. In response, software testing vendors are now beginning to offer tools that use AI to help understand test data.

Integration of Different Types of Software Testing

As I noted earlier, software testing can be broken down into several distinct categories, like performance testing, usability testing and security testing.

Traditionally, different teams, tools and methodologies were associated with each type of testing. But, today, the lines between the various testing disciplines are blurring. Given the enormous complexity and degree of dependency of modern applications, it often does not make sense to try to perform each type of test in isolation.

For example, load testing (which involves testing how well your application responds to heavy demand) goes hand-in-hand with protecting your organization from DDoS attacks (a type of cyberattack that attempts to overwhelm applications with traffic or other requests). Thus, load testing and security testing are converging around this area.

As another example, it’s hard to separate performance testing from usability testing–users don’t like applications that don’t perform adequately.

For these reasons, software testing as a whole is becoming a more integrated affair. Instead of specializing in one type of testing, QA engineers are now responsible for covering it all.


DevOps, AI and other important trends of the past decade have exerted significant impact on software testing. IT teams today are automating more tests than ever, while also striving to test earlier and more often. It’s important to consider all types of software testing to determine which one (or ones) will work best for your organization.

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Credits : Barrons

As we head into the second-quarter earnings season, it’s worth taking a moment to recognize the remarkable performance of software stocks in 2019. The SPDR S&P Software & Services ETF (ticker: XSW) is up 36% year to date.

Microsoft (MSFT), the world’s most valuable public company, has rallied 36% this year, sports a market cap of $1.05 trillion, and trades near an all-time high. If the market likes the company’s June quarter and fiscal year-end financial results on Wednesday afternoon, the stock could very well go higher still.

Microsoft is no anomaly. Oracle (ORCL), Workday (WDAY) , SAP (SAP) and VMware (VMW) are all up more than 25% in 2019; ServiceNow (NOW) is up 65%. And it isn’t just the large cap names either. Shopify (SHOP), Coupa Software (COUP), Anaplan (PLAN), Okta (OKTA), and Zscaler (ZS) have all more than doubled year to date; MongoDB (MDB), CyberArk (CYBR), Veeva (VEEV), and Paycom (PAYC) all sport gains for the year of at least 70%.

And of course, there have been strong public market debuts in 2019 by software firms like CrowdStrike (CRWD), Pager Duty (PD), Zoom Video (ZM), and Slack (WORK).

The investor Marc Andreessen once famously declared that software will eat the world; now software seems to be absorbing vast swaths of investor portfolios.

As a group, software companies enter the second-quarter earnings period trading at record valuations. Macquarie Capital analyst Sarah Hindlian finds that the average software stock is trading for a record 7.1 times next fiscal year’s projected revenues. The one-year average valuation on that basis is 5.6 times, she reports. The five-year average is 4.4 times and the 10-year average is 3.9.

In a research note Tuesday, Hindlian wrote that average multiples are elevated by a combination of persistently low interest rates and highly valued new issues.

But there are other issues at play, as well. The widespread adoption of cloud-based software is shifting the dynamics of the software industry, spreading the reach of enterprise-class applications to smaller businesse and reducing the costs involved in creating, selling, and supporting applications.

The prevalent old model involved selling packaged software through quota-carrying armies of swaggering, Armani-clad salespeople to the white-coated rulers of corporate-hosted data centers, which came with complex installation and maintenance issues. The new model is increasingly self-service and flexible, hosted by Amazon Web Services , Google Cloud or Microsoft Azure, with the ability to cast a wide net both geographically and down market. The companies are reaching wider markets, and generating better gross margins—even while many of the younger players forego profitability to focus on growth.

The obvious result of that can be found in newly public software stocks trading at 15 times to 25 times projected revenue, and sometimes higher, defying historical conventions about what enterprise technology companies are worth. But valuations are also growing for more established companies. Microsoft is trading at 7.5 times fiscal 2020 projected revenue—that’s a premium to the broader software group, with consensus forecasts expecting continued double-digit sales growth—all for a stock that has already more than tripled in five years.

But the rules are changing for software stocks—the market may simply be “re-rating” them to reflect the industry’s shifting business model. We’ll know more in the coming weeks.

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Credits : Gadgets

Communication app Truecaller on Tuesday announced the global launch of its software development kit (SDK) solution exclusively for the mobile Web platforms.

Truecaller SDK would support all the key mobile platforms across Android, iOS, React and now mobile Web including “Progressive Web App” support.

“Our vision has always been to enable the developer community by providing them with solutions that help them to build user-focused, trust-based and growth-oriented products,” Priyam Bose, Global Head, Developer Platform And Relations, Truecaller, said in a statement.

“User onboarding and verification continues to be one of the critical use cases for developers as it is crucial in creating a first impression for their users in terms of building a seamless and secure product experience,” he added.

In emerging markets like India, mobile Web-based experiences on smartphones are proving to be the first point of discovery for users trying to access products and services online.

One of the key challenges in these markets has been to on-board users using email or other modes and getting verified using the inefficient OTP process.

The SDK solution on mobile Web aims to simplify this process for developers through its OTP-less and free to use phone number-based verification solution, allowing users to securely access services using their Truecaller credentials.

In February, the app crossed 100 million daily users mark in India, from where the company attracts over 60 per cent of its global user base.

Headquartered in Stockholm, Sweden, the company was founded in 2009 by Alan Mamedi and Nami Zarringhalam.

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