Credits : Technotification

 

There’s so much hype about frontend technologies like Vue.js, AngularJS, ReactJS in the web development domain, it gets easy to ignore the backend. Normally, users are more likely to notice what’s served before their eyes and not take note of what goes behind the scenes. Backend web development involves the part of coding which is not seen by the user. Most often, backend web developers are responsible for the code behind juggling data to and from the frontend.

Needless to say, backend web development does deserve a lot of attention. As per the task, the right programming language should be chosen. Here are some interesting server-side web development programming languages worth considering:

1. PHP

PHP starts the list on basis of its popularity and widespread use. Not many people agree to love PHP, but chances are that like it or not, you may have to come across it someday. Almost all active web users have come across some sort of implementation of PHP code, considering about 75% of websites use PHP. PHP has come a long way since its creation way back in 1994. It has grown massively, and it is now being used on a multitude of servers and can be integrated with a large number of frameworks and templates.

It is also compatible with a good number of Content Management Systems. Interesting frameworks include Laravel, Symphony and CakePHP. Assuming prior knowledge with a scripting language, a newbie will find it very easy to learn PHP. With a huge community of developers, beginners have lots of resources to choose from. Little processing power demands make PHP fast.  Recently, the latest version, PHP7 came out, leaving many anticipating the next release.

2. Python

Gone are the days when Python was restricted to desktop programming. Now, in the realm of backend web development, python is rising among the ranks. Most server-side programmers nowadays have adopted Python as a substitute for PHP. It may have been around for decades, but it keeps on dominating and getting better with time. Python is popular, easy, with a very low learning curve.

Python is flexible and seen as some as the gateway programming language to learn other programming languages. We can’t speak of python web frameworks without mentioning Django. It is robust and capable of catering to all your backend needs. Feel free to check out these best Python frameworks.

3. Java

Just like Python, Java has risen to be a multipurpose language. It’s used for desktop software development, android development and most importantly, for web development. As much as one may love the newer technologies such as Node.js, Java has been around for a long time, which makes it stable and ultimately safer. If you’re going to venture into server-side development with Java, the Spring framework is a very versatile framework.

4. Ruby

Ruby has an active community, which translates to awesome documentation and impressive open-sourced dependencies. To add to the fun, ruby’s code is simple and also expansive. With the Ruby on Rails framework, a developer can get a RESTful API up and running and serving CRUD resources in hours. Not just prototypes, but functioning APIs with security, unit tests, functional tests and databases.

Somehonourable mentions include Perl, Scala, .NET and JavaScript (Node.js). Of course, this list may come across as opinionated to many. That being said, there are a lot of other options which many will like to see or some which should be expunged. Feel free to mention this in the comment section.

This article is shared by www.itechscripts.com | A leading resource of inspired clone scripts. It offers hundreds of popular scripts that are used by thousands of small and medium enterprises.

Credits : Entrepreneur

 

A successful brand can get you customers, and enable you to keep them at the same time. Also, by keeping your buyers satisfied with your products or services, they will remain loyal. The first thing you should do, however, is to tell them what your brand is all about. You can also build your brand through web design.

Here are several tips on how web design can help build a brand suitable for your audience.

Choose the right color

Colors are important because they can evoke people’s emotions and their subconscious. For example, what comes to mind when you see the color green? You are probably thinking of the environment or your health. Seeing it may also keep you calm. For this reason, many hospital walls are now painted with pale green.

Meanwhile, black is a serious color since it can represent luxury. Think of brands like Louis Vuitton or Rolex watches. Orange, however, is less suitable for serious brands. When people see this color, they see it bursting with youthful energy.

If you want to build excitement or interest when people see your brand, find out which colors can do that. You should also consider that various cultures have different interpretations of the same colors. If you’re catering to an international market, use only colors that are universally favored if possible.

Inject some personality

People like brands that have human-like attributions because it helps them identify with it. Psychologists call it anthropomorphism.

A fine example of this is Twitter with its little blue bird. Once people see this winged mascot, they think of Twitter. It’s easy to recall a brand that has some human-like familiarity.

Stir your audience’s feelings

If they see your brand, what emotions do you want them to experience? Using the latest designs isn’t going to cut it anymore. To make your brand popular, associate it with pleasant emotions and vibes that you can include in the web design.

With our site, we used the color orange and short video clips to showcase our brand as a creative web design agency. Upon landing on the page, the images aim to bring positive feelings to the audience.

Keep the design consistent

Brands are successful because people care and remember them. So how do you make your brand memorable? The answer is consistency.

This means you need to be consistent in your web design. In every page, use the same colors, formatting, graphics, personality, and emotions. People should see a uniform image throughout your website.

This will also make your website perform better. Since you’re reusing content such as graphics, your site will load faster. If someone has visited the site before, your images are easily displayed from the browser’s cache. For example, if you’re using the same navigation bar in all web pages, the browser only needs to download the code once.

Display your logo properly

You can get creative with your logo design but there’s only one place where it should be located. Always put your logo on the upper left corner of the website because that’s where most people will look for it. You should also link the logo’s image to the home page.

Logo size is also important. So make sure that the logo is big enough to get noticed immediately by your visitors.

Present value proposition

First-time visitors will have several questions upon landing on your site. What products or services are you offering? Can it provide solutions to their problems? This is where your value proposition comes in.

A value proposition is a short statement that visitors can easily see on your page.  It should be placed high up on the page just after the logo and menu.

You can only afford yourself a few words to tell what benefits the visitors will get from your site. So make sure the value proposition is:

  • Clear
  • Short
  • Concise
  • Answer the question what and why

Use the appropriate voice

The language or tone you’re going to use should support the brand’s personality and emotions. If your audience is millennials, the tone could be informal. If you’re catering to stock market investors, a formal tone is more appropriate.

If you’re going to say the same message to different audiences just remember this:

You don’t change what you say but change how you say it.

For example, you can use both formal and informal words to convey the same meaning. In other words, you need to use a tone that your audience will respond to.

Here is a simple example on how you can define what a car is in two different tones:

Layman’s version: It’s a metal thing that lets you travel to faraway places.

Scientific version: It’s a machine that uses energy in the form of fuel that gets converted to mechanical energy to move the wheels and gears.

By using different tones, you can spread your brand’s message to a correct audience.

Make your brand unique

Using all these elements is not enough. To truly set your brand apart from the rest, you have to make it unique.

The colors, personality or voice doesn’t matter if your website looks the same as your competitors. How could prospective buyers distinguish? Yes, it will take a bit of effort to create a brand that’s different from the others. That hard work, however, will pay off since your visitors will likely remember you. There’s also a greater chance that they will come back again once they are satisfied with your products or services.

Creating a brand makes sense even for small businesses as well as personal websites and blogs. In the face of fierce competition, having a good brand will help you get noticed. So in designing a website, these tips will help your brand get a head start from your competitors.

This article is shared by www.itechscripts.com | A leading resource of inspired clone scripts. It offers hundreds of popular scripts that are used by thousands of small and medium enterprises.

Credits : Mobileappdaily

 

The Android programming language, Kotlin has gained a  ton of popularity over a short period of time. Today, Kotlin is being used in a majority of sectors which also includes its application in mobile app development and server-side systems. Kotlin is basically a statically typed JVM language that was developed by JetBrains i.e. makers of IntelliJ IDEA.

Nowadays the link between a Java developer and Kotlin is crucial in order to deliver digital products that are efficient and innovative. This programming language is built upon another language, Java that further provides it with many features like:

  • Data classes
  • Null safety
  • Functional Concepts
  • Operator overloading

Apart from the above-mentioned features, there are more features like extensions, smart casts and many more features that can lead to a better Android app development process.

So in this article, we will be stating the things about Kotlin that every Java developer should know of. Since its inception, Kotlin has been highly compared to Java and there are various useful features of Kotlin language that are currently not available in Java. Here, we will be discussing the list of those Kotlin features that the Java developers should be aware of.

Kotlin Facts All Java Developers Should Know

Below is a list of some of the top things that every Java developer should know about Kotlin:

1. Null Safety

Every now and then, there is something called NPE that every Java developer has to face at some point while working on the Java programming language. The NullPointerException i.e. NPE can also be referred to as an element used to evaluate software quality. In JVM, this exception is used to avoid the abortion of the program by the operating system itself.

Also, this prevention is limited to the run-time of the software but on the other hand, the app developers would prefer to avoid such situations during the compilation time. This situation in Java is somewhat unnecessary as it doesn’t provide any information about null safe.

On the other hand, Kotlin offers the feature of null safety for the Java developers at the initiation stage. This is done by mentioning whether the values will be assigned to the null factor or not. Here, null safety is provided by the compiler, which also reduces the risk of encountering run-time Null Point Exceptions.

For example: 

data class User(val name: String,
val surname: String,
val age: Int?,
val lastSeen: LocalDate? = null)

fun main(args: Array) {
User(
name =”John”,
surname = “Smith”,
age = null  // assignment required, but ‘null’ allowed
// ‘lastSeen’ can be ommitted, defaults to ‘null’
)
}
view raw

2.  Extension Functions

The Extension Functions can also be referred to as the useful Standard Library Functions that are offered by Kotlin programming language. When it comes to functional programming the functions are the basics of the object-oriented languages that require classes as well as objects for their operation.

In Java, developers can only introduce a new functionality into an existing class when that particular class is expanding and that might be the case always. But Kotlin offers the facility for extension functions to the Java developers so that new functionalities can be smoothly added into existing classes.

Apart from this, the standard library of Kotlin also provides an entire set of powerful standard functions which can be further added to any class by default.

For example, the ‘apply’ function

The ‘apply’ function can be stated as a function that is similar to ‘also’ function as it provides the object’s original reference. To get over the issue of scoped ‘this’ the Java developers can proceed with AssertJ’s soft assertions as shown in the code below.

@Test
fun `test using soft assertions`() {
val subject = User(age = 18, name = “John”)

SoftAssertions().apply {
assertThat(subject.age).isPositive()
assertThat(subject.name).isNullOrEmpty()
}.assertAll()
}

The function ‘apply’ can come in quite handy when a large number of function calls are needed to be applied to a particular object.

3. Collections and Streams

In Java programming language, processing object collections have always been an essential part of the process of app development. Mainly, the translation of objects with different representations takes place here. Although Java 8 introduced streams to eliminate the issues regarding functional programming.

  • first(), last() – Extracts the first or last element matching the given predicate function.
  • single() – Extracts the only element matching the given predicate, failing if more elements match.
  • associate(), associateBy() – Transforms from a list to map entry by associating keys with values.

The above-mentioned Kotlin functions tend to return the immutable collections by default. This further ensures that the side-effects faced in Java are applicable in this programming language.

4. Named Parameters

The named parameters are one of the most common differences that app developers can find between both of the programming languages. In the case of Java, users are not allowed to explicitly name the parameters in their function calls, making them completely rely on positional parameters.

Whereas, in the case of Kotlin, developers have two options to pass parameters that are either by option or by name. But both of these methods can not be applied at the same time. In addition to this, the trending programming language also offers a default value declaration to enable callers to omit the parameters.

For example:

fun mixedRequiredAndOptional(x: Int, str: String = “Hello”, y: Int) {

}

fun main(args: Array) {
mixedRequiredAndOptional(1, 2)          // won’t compile, ‘str’ missing
mixedRequiredAndOptional(x = 1, y =2)   // will compile, ‘str’ is optional
}
view raw

When compared to other programming languages, kotlin provides no limitation upon the use of mixed style parameters when it comes to a function declaration.

5. Immutability

In the functional programming languages, the immutability is a feature that is required to avoid some of the side-effects caused by the functions. Here, Java can only offer a limited amount of support to ensure that the software is immutable during the time of compilation.

Here the code is basically not allowed to alter the state outside its scope, this leads to being free of the side-effects. To overcome this issue, kotlin provides the high-end compiler support that can easily distinguish between the properties and value that are mutable or immutable in nature.

For example: 

val user = User(“John”)

user = User(“Another”)          // won’t compile, val is immutable
user.name = “Another”           // won’t compile, if ‘name’ is val
user.lastSeen = LocalDate.now() // will compile, if ‘lastSeen’ is var

It is important to deal with this situation because multiple equally typed properties of an object will contribute to an error-prone software with object construction or duplication.

6. String Interpolation

Strings in Java can sometimes be hard to deal with and this includes the use of plus operators, StringBuffer and String.format(). Let’s take the example of, using the plus operator and StringUtil(s) classes for reference. Kotlin offers the solution to this issue by simplifying the process of string handling with string interpolation.

With string interpolation, the expressions in the code can directly be embedded into strings by using the expression ${expr} for the variables that are simple. In the case of referring to the on-string objects, the toString() is automatically called and that also helps in minimizing the boiler-plating occurrence in the code.

For example: 

data class Coordinate(val lat: Double,
val lng: Double)

fun main(args: Array) {
val coordinates = listOf(
Coordinate(42.3, 12.3),
Coordinate(52.1, 9.8)
)
val json = “””
{
“id”: “${UUID.randomUUID()}”,
“coordinates”: [
${coordinates.joinToString {
“””
[
“lat”: ${it.lat},
“lng”: ${it.lng}
]
“””
}}
]
}
“””

println(json)
}

When dealing with iterations, the string interpolation feature in Kotlin can be very helpful as it can be iterated over collections. The Java developers can even produce some partial strings as per the elements that can be further joined to form an entire string using the StringBuffer as shown in the above code.

7. Singletons

As we already know that programming language, Kotlin has a keyword known as the object whose job is to enable an object to be defined similarly to the class. According to that, the object only exists as a single instance which can be further used to create singletons as the feature is not limited.

This whole concept can be said as a strong extension to the enums, interfaces and even classes that are available in the Java language. This is because the elements in this domain model are also inherently objects that may exist only once during runtime.

8. Sealed Classes & Enumerations

Another thing about Kotlin that the Java developers should know about are sealed classes and enumerations. This programming language also offers a high-level approach to regular enumerations. But on the other hand, no such support is provided by Java except for allowing enums to define properties and attributes for different instances.

For example: 

sealed class Operation {
object Show: Operation()
object Hide: Operation()

data class Log(val message: String): Operation()
data class Exit(val rc: Int): Operation()
}

fun handleOp(op: Operation) {
when(op) {
Operation.Show -> println(“show”)
Operation.Hide -> println(“hide”)
is Operation.Log -> println(“log: ${op.message}”)
is Operation.Exit -> System.exit(op.rc)
}
}

It can also be said that the abstract data types are well defined in Kotlin using sealed classes. These sealed classes can also be further used in creating enumerations along with the flexible sub-classes. Here, the compiler ensures that only those classes can be directly extended (or nested) in a sealed class, can be named as a valid example of enumeration.

Final Thoughts

One of the main reasons why Kotlin is slowly gaining a lead over Java is its simplicity as a programming language. Basically, Kotlin cleans up the process by eliminating the code bloating that occurs in Java. Also, the Java developerswon’t find it difficult to switch to Kotlin as both languages are quite similar in their concepts.

And in order to make our points more clear and effective for your understanding, we have listed below some of the main advantages as well as disadvantages of both programming languages i.e. Kotlin and Java.

We hope with the help of this article, you were able to gain some valuable insights about Java developers and Kotlin in the upcoming years. Also, we would love to know your thoughts regarding this statically typed language that runs on the Java Virtual Machine.

And in case, you are interested in reading more such interesting and informative articles then make sure you click on that ‘Subscribe’ button to stay notified of all updated regarding the mobile app industry.

This article is shared by www.itechscripts.com | A leading resource of inspired clone scripts. It offers hundreds of popular scripts that are used by thousands of small and medium enterprises.

Credits : Technotification

 

In recent years, web development has gone through some kind of evolution. It has become easier and more enjoyable. One of the things that are attributed to these changes is the presence of web development frameworks. They simplify the whole web development process. There are many frameworks out there. The big question is: Which are the best web development frameworks to use in 2019?

Before you choose a web development framework, here are some of the questions that you should ask yourself:

  • Does the framework support specific features of your web project?
  • What is the size of the community that is using the framework?
  • Will the framework be able to serve its purpose?

While taking the above questions into deep consideration, here are the best web development frameworks in 2019.

Best Web Development Frameworks

1. Laravel

Language: PHP

Are you a PHP web developer? Consider making Laravel your framework of choice in 2019. This is an open source PHP framework that has been in existence for quite a number of years. It has managed to win the hearts of many web developers.

Laravel uses the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture. It a perfect choice for social media sites, online forums, content management systems, and news websites. There are several reasons why Laravel is a popular web development framework that is expected to dominate in 2019.

First, it is an inherent framework thanks to various key features such as ORM composers, templating features and database migration feature. The framework simplifies the process of authenticating and caching. Laravel has an inbuilt feature for creating API. This simplifies the process of routing.

 

2. Django

Language: Python

For those who would like to have easy sailing in 2019, Django is the framework to use. The fact that it is written in Python means that you won’t have to deal with many unfamiliar symbols. Django rides on the popularity of Python, a language that is currently ranked among the most popular programming languages. This automatically means that Django has a big community.

Django is a framework that you can easily learn and implement without struggling. It also uses the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture. If you are planning to build a complex website that will deal with lots of data, consider using Django. It is a perfect option for data-driven websites.

Also, Django shortens the period of web development. You will be able to reuse various components of a project without having to code them afresh. It also provides powerful security measures especially when it comes to critical issues such as password management. This eliminates various security threats such as SQL injection.

Although the routing process may be a little bit technical in Django, the massive community will always be there to back you up.

3. Ruby On Rails

Language: Ruby

Ruby on Rails is a server-side framework that is based on Ruby programming language. The framework follows Rapid Application Development (RAD) since it fully supports code re-usability and adapts to changes fast.

Ruby on Rails is an open source web development framework. This means that you don’t need to configure any files when using it. This will in turn help to speed up the web development process. Furthermore, Ruby supports the RESTful architecture which ensures that web applications are developed within a logical structure. The architecture is an ideal option for building distributed systems.

Rails help to solve one of the issues that most programmers avoid-documentation. The Ruby code is self-documenting hence eliminating the need for creating separate documentation. The framework is a perfect choice for the agile software development cycle. In overall, Ruby on Rails is a framework that will boost your productivity.

4. Angular JS

Language: JavaScript

From the name, you can easily tell that this is a JavaScript framework. It is true. Angular is a JavaScript framework that is mainly used on the front-end of websites. The framework can come handy especially when you are building dynamic web applications.

Angular JS follows the Model-View-Control (MVC) architecture. This makes it an ideal framework for single-page web applications. The framework also comes with various components that are critical for any developer. They include controllers and directives. If you are building a real-time web application, this is a framework that you should consider using. This is because it simplifies the process of managing the changes.

There is one more reason why Angular JS is on this list. It has a large community. This means that you will easily get help and support whenever you need.

5. Spring

Language: Java

If you are planning to build a web application using Java, consider using Spring framework. It is fully based on Java programming language. Spring follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture hence can get the job done as fast as possible. You don’t need to configure any files or settings when using Spring.

Spring has a special feature known as Spring Cloud. This feature simplifies the task of building distributed systems. It also allows proper coordination of microservices.

Parting Shot

It is my hope that with this list, you will be able to choose the best web development framework to use in 2019. You don’t have to postpone working on your web projects or give any excuses why you are yet to launch a product. Just analyze your requirements and choose the web development framework that will do the job.

The good thing is that on this list, I have not narrowed down on any specific language. The frameworks on the list are for different languages. Whether you are building a website using PHP, JavaScript or even Python, you will find an ideal web development framework to use.

 

This article is shared by www.itechscripts.com | A leading resource of inspired clone scripts. It offers hundreds of popular scripts that are used by thousands of small and medium enterprises.

Credits : Customerthink

Introduction

The current generation of website developers is ideal employees in consideration of web development spectrum. Most of the modern people respond quickly to various changes along with growth in the professional environment. They can study, improvise their qualification and also change as well as get into the trend quite easily. The different trends in web development can evolve rapidly. Every industry is getting revolutionized in various aspects. Website development services are swiftly adopting various technologies like blockchain, augmented and virtual reality and even user behavior tracking, and we have seen the rise of chatbots.

1. Emergence of Progressive Web Apps

Progressive web apps, or popularly known as PWAs have appeared a couple of years ago and have gained immense popularity owing to the user behavior study. Web development has stepped in a certain direction in a forward sense. Progressive web applications are essentially based on CSS, JavaScript, and HTML. They are actually designed to simplify the complete interaction of the website users with the website and hence stimulate the loyalty and conversion of customers.

The most basic principle of PWAs is complete adaptability to different types of smart devices, native user experience as well as autonomy where the applications are updated independently. All innovative web apps provide overall security through HTTPS as well as automatic updates are provided via Service Worker API. Most of the web apps don’t actually need installation. A website development company needs to invest a lot in the PWAs development.

2. Rise of One-Page Websites

Considering the latest standards as well as the behavior of the users on the website, it is certainly quite easy to actually know what the people like as well as don’t like on the web pages and also search for information all by themselves. Hence, a lot of website development trends in the upcoming year will actually be based on the complete principle of speed and convenience. Any person without a programming background can easily develop a website with a particular design constructor for his business. User Experience or UX has become certainly important and careful regarding the concept of various single-page websites, and in the years to come, we will be witnessing animation on the screen of devices and even nod at different products that the people wish to buy.

3. PHP7 and JavaScript Changes

In the context of programming, there are certain significant changes. Irrespective of the technology stack, a lot of developers actually use JavaScript for their own work. Even though there are a plethora of shortcomings of this particular language, it actually keeps on improving and considerably remains popular around the world. Most websites use PHP, and in recent years, PHP 7 was released with different changes that have revolutionized the entire web development domain. Possibility to group import ads as well as Engine exceptions along with anonymous classes is duly added.

The entire syntax of Escape code for the particular Unicode was also subsequently added. PHP has led to an increase in performance of the websites. Cryptocurrency, P2P exchanges and trading platforms along with digital blockchain products are swiftly becoming the emerging trends. The website development services have to learn the entire solidity along with smart contract languages for the purpose of creation of their cryptocurrency.

4. Illustrations

In case the developers are learning web designs, they need to know the concept of lesser design that tends to be better. It certainly remains to be the most important web development trend for 2019. But the website developers can’t actually forget the actual trend of website design whereas a large number of fonts, photos, forms, and illustrations. The complete design used to be the combination of illustrations, photograph, along with minimalism and focus on the image as well as reduction of the total amount of the text. This will certainly affect user perception.

5. Growing Importance of Adaptability

People often take smartphones multiple times a day. Hence, everything digital wishes to fit into their phone screen. People have now actually started to get rid of the idea of using computers outside their working time, and website apps development has taken a significantly different form. Adaptive and scalable website applications like adaptive websites are emerging. The people can easily access various services which can subsequently be connected to the internet. The best apps often work without any internet connection and keep on rising. The web design development is improving. The visual aspect of the website development has witnessed massive changes. Different website development services need to accept them and inculcate the rising importance of adaptability.

6. MultimedianLongreads

In case you are considering longread on any web page with a complete solid text alongside a few photos then you can easily forget about it. At present, longreads are an entire representation of text, animations, pictures, and icons. Longread actually aims to tell a complete story in short and simple words. Now the user can scroll the page easily and even cling to the major information points.

7. Introduction of Forms

Making various design elements have certainly passed from previous pointed to current rounded shapes. This option is considered to be quite softer, more pleasant and objective while the sharp corners of the various old interfaces used to be more oriented in the direction of workflow. Web portal development has to consider the forms in a more significant fashion.

8. Importance of Typography

People have been actually experimenting to create new fonts. When illustrations and animations are added along with adaptability, various trends of website designing actually stopped to neglect the typography clearly. At present, we can see the latest collections of typography with new letters.

Conclusion

Website development technology trends are emerging at a rapid pace. One-page websites and progressive web apps have emerged in these years and have garnered immense popularity. Subsequent changes in JavaScript and PHP 7 have duly appeared. Forms, typography, and adaptability have actually acquired more importance in these recent years. Trends like these will certainly dominate the web development in 2019.

 

This article is shared by www.itechscripts.com | A leading resource of inspired clone scripts. It offers hundreds of popular scripts that are used by thousands of small and medium enterprises.

Credits : Learn.g2crowd

 

The market for integrated development environments (IDE) technology is diverse and complex.

People often find themselves looking at products that aren’t suited for their desired use. There are plenty of features that differentiate one IDE software option from another, but one of the key factors in choosing an IDE is your desired programming language.

This blog is intended to assist those looking for IDEs that provide native support for development with Java.

Java is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language. It’s the third-most commonly used programming language, according to a survey by GitHub.  It was originally developed by Sun Microsystems in 1991, now a subsidiary of Oracle.

Java is often taught to beginners since it is relatively easy to use and maintain. Moreover, businesses choose Java because of its versatility. They can use Java to develop both internal or customer-facing applications that run on desktops, mobile devices or web browsers.

Ruby or Python Developer? Check out the best Ruby IDEs and Python IDEs in 2018.

Best Java IDE for 2018

This list includes any integrated development environment with native features to support Java development. It does not include products that may have plugins or integrations to support Java development. A few offerings of that nature are highlighted at the end of the list.

These products have well over 6,000 validated user reviews on G2 Crowd as of Nov. 2, 2018, and only represent a portion of the 90-plus IDE software offerings listed on our platform.


1. IntelliJ IDEA

 

    • Reviews: 979
    • Stars: 4.5
    • Vendor: JetBrains

IntelliJ IDEA is a flagship product developed by JetBrains. It’s the third-most popular product in our IDE category and the highest-rated tool with native Java support.

The product comes in two versions: the open-source community edition and a paid Ultimate edition. Each supports Java, Kotlin, Groovy and Scala programming languages and development with Git, SVN, Mercurial and TFS.

The Ultimate version includes additional tools to support duplicate detection, Perforce integration, JavaScript and database tools. JetBrains also has a wide variety of language specific tools for languages including Ruby, Python and PHP.

Image Courtesy of JetBrains


2.Eclipse

 

  • Reviews: 1,405
  • Stars: 4.1
  • Vendor: Eclipse Foundation

Eclipse is one of the most popular IDEs in the world and the second-most reviewed product in our IDE category. The tool is designed for Java, but also supports C/C++ and PHP. The product is open source and also comes in a cloud-based form called Eclipse Che.

One of Eclipse’s greatest benefits is its rich community and marketplace. This offers thousands of prebuilt plugins for everything from expanded language support to IoT development tools.

Image Courtesy of Eclipse


3.NetBeans

 

  • Reviews: 440
  • Stars: 4.1
  • Vendor: NetBeans

 

NetBeans is a free Java IDE with additional native support for PHP, C/C++, JavaScript and more. The product has a vast plugin library that includes Python support as well as other languages.

Standard features include basic code editing, debugging and testing capabilities. For most languages, there are additional features to facilitate builds, deployments and refactoring. Other helpful tools include project management, framework support and code analysis capabilities.

 

Image Courtesy of NetBeans


4.Xcode

 

  • Reviews: 433
  • Stars: 4.0
  • Vendor: Apple

Xcode is the IDE native to Apple computers and comes free of charge on macOS High Sierra. The IDE was first released 15 years ago and is now one of the most widely used IDEs available.

Native features include a debugger, GUI builder, profiler autocomplete and more. The platform supports a wide variety of programming languages including  C, C++, Objective-C, Objective-C++, Java, AppleScript, Python, Ruby, ResEdit (Rez) and Swift.

Image Courtesy of Apple


5. MyEclipse

 

  • Reviews: 10
  • Stars: 4.5
  • Vendor:  Genuitec

MyEclipse is a proprietary tool built on the Eclipse platform. It functions across all operating systems and provides for JavaScript, database connectors and application server connectors.

The tool can be used for both Java development and web development with support for Angular, TypeScript, JavaScript and HTML. Other features include Maven project management, Spring Tooling and WebSphere connectors.

 

Image Courtesy of Genuitec


6. BlueJ

 

  • Reviews: 80
  • Stars: 3.8
  • Vendor: BlueJ

BlueJ is a cross-platform IDE designed for educational purposes and small-scale software development in Java. It’s free, open source and provides a basic set of Java development tools.

The product features a number of interactive teaching tools and a simple interface compared to most fully fledged IDEs. General features include scope highlighting, object inspection and source code diagramming.

Image result for bluej ide 2018Image Courtesy of BlueJ


7. Oracle JDeveloper

 

  • Reviews: 75
  • Stars: 4.0
  • Vendor: Oracle

Oracle JDeveloper is a freeware IDE from Oracle that supports Java, XML, SQL, GTML, JavaScript and PHP languages. The platform includes a full set of features for the entire development lifecycle.

JDeveloper provides an integrated development framework, visual development tools and select features for multiple styles of development. Features vary, but can be customized for Java, database, web and mobile development.

Image Courtesy of Oracle


8. Rational Application Developer for WebSphere Software

 

  • Reviews: 16
  • Stars: 2.9
  • Vendor: IBM

Rational Application Developer for WebSphere Software is a proprietary IDE developed and maintained by IBM. It’s designed specifically for Java development and supports Windows and Linux operating systems.

The IDE provides tools to help users develop, deploy and test applications on the WebSphere Application Server. It can also be used to deploy and manage web services, web applications using JavaScript and XML and service component architecture assets.

Image Courtesy of IBM


Next steps for selecting a Java IDE

You can sift through hundreds of verified user reviews on G2 Crowd to find the best free IDE for your needs. Check out the IDE software category where you can compare products, discover available features and read user reviews.

 

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Credits : hub.packtpub

 

Learning new skills takes time – that’s why, before learning something, you need to know that what you’re learning is going to be worthwhile. This is particularly true when deciding which programming language to learn.

As we approach the new year, it’s a good time to reflect on our top learning priorities for 2019. But which programming should you learn in 2019?

We’ve put together a list of the top programming languages to learn in the new year – as well as reasons you should learn them, and some suggestions for how you can get started. This will help you take steps to expand your skill set in 2019 in the way that’s right for you.

Python

Python has been a growing programming language for some time and it shows no signs of disappearing. There are a number of reasons for this, but the biggest is the irresistible allure of artificial intelligence. Once you know Python, performing some relatively sophisticated deep learning tasks becomes relatively easy, not least because of the impressive ecosystem of tools that surround it, like TensorFlow.

But Python’s importance isn’t just about machine learning. It’s flexibility means it has a diverse range of applications. If you’re a full-stack developer, for example, you might find Python useful for developing backend services and APIs; equally, if you’re in security or SRE, Python can be useful for automating aspects of your infrastructure to keep things secure and reliable.

Put simply, Python is a useful addition to your skill set.

Learn Python in 2019 if…

  • You’re new to software development
  • You want to try your hand at machine learning
  • You want to write automation scripts

Go

Go isn’t quite as popular as Python, but it is growing rapidly. And its fans are incredibly vocal about why they love it: it’s incredibly simple, yet also amazingly powerful.

The reason for this is its creation: it was initially developed by Google that wanted a programming language that could handle the complexity of the systems they were developing, without adding to complexity in terms of knowledge and workflows.

Combining the best aspects of functional and object oriented programming, as well as featuring a valuable set of in-built development tools, the language is likely to only go from strength to strength over the next 12 months.

Learn Go in 2019 if…

  • You’re a backend or full-stack developer looking to increase your language knowledge
  • You’re working in ops or SRE
  • Looking for an alternative to Python
  • Rust

    In Stack Overflow’s 2018 developer survey Rust was revealed to be the best loved language among the developers using it. 80% of respondents said they loved using it or wanted to use it.

    Now, while Rust lacks the simplicity of Go and Python, it does do what it sets out to do very well – systems programming that’s fast, efficient, and secure.

    In fact, developers like to debate the merits of Rust and Go – it seems they occupy the minds of very similar developers. However, while they do have some similarities, there are key differences that should make it easier to decide which one you learn.

    At a basic level, Rust is better for lower level programming, while Go will allow you to get things done quickly. Rust does have a lot of rules, all of which will help you develop incredibly performant applications, but this does mean it has a steeper learning curve than something like Go. Ultimately it will depend on what you want to use the language for and how much time you have to learn something new.

    Learn Rust in 2019 if…

    • You want to know why Rust developers love it so much
    • You do systems programming
    • You have a bit of time to tackle its learning curve

      TypeScript

      TypeScript has quietly been gaining popularity over recent years. But it feels like 2018 has been the year that it has really broke through to capture the imagination of the wider developer community. Perhaps it’s just Satya Nadella’s magic…

      More likely, however, it’s because we’re now trying to do too much with plain oldJavaScript. We simply can’t build applications of the complexity we want without drowning in lines of code.

      Essentially, TypeScript bulks up JavaScript, and makes it suitable for building applications of the future. It’s no surprise that TypeScript is now fundamental to core JavaScript frameworks – even Google decided to use it in Angular.

      But it’s not just for front end JavaScript developers – there are examples of Java and C#developers looking closely at TypeScript, as it shares many features with established statically typed languages.

      Learn TypeScript in 2019 if…

      • You’re a JavaScript developer
      • You’re a Java or C# developer looking to expand their horizons

Scala

Scala has been around for some time, but its performance gains over Java have seen it growing in popularity in recent years. It isn’t the easiest language to learn – in comparison with other Java-related languages, like Kotlin, which haven’t strayed far from its originator,Scala is almost an attempt to rewrite the rule book.

It’s a good multi-purpose programming language that brings together functional programming principles and the object oriented principles you find in Java. It’s also designed for concurrency, giving you a scale of power that just isn’t possible.

The one drawback of Scala is that it doesn’t have the consistency in its ecosystem in the way that, say, Java does. This does mean, however, that Scala expertise can be really valuable if you have the time to dedicate time to really getting to know the language.

Learn Scala in 2019 if…

  • You’re looking for an alternative to Java that’s more scalable and handles concurrency much better
  • You’re working with big data

Swift

Swift started life as a replacement for Objective-C for iOS developers. While it’s still primarily used by those in the Apple development community, there are some signs thatSwift could expand beyond its beginnings to become a language of choice for server and systems programming.

The core development team have consistently demonstrated they have a sense of purpose is building a language fit for the future, with versions 3 and 4 both showing significant signs of evolution.

Fast, relatively easy to learn, and secure, not only has Swift managed to deliver on its brief to offer a better alternative to Objective-C, it also looks well-suited to many of the challenges programmers will be facing in the years to come.

Learn Swift in 2019 if…

  • You want to build apps for Apple products
  • You’re interested in a new way to write server code

Kotlin

It makes sense for Kotlin to follow Swift. The parallels between the two are notable; it might be crude, but you could say that Kotlin is to Java what Swift is to Objective-C.

There are, of course, some who feel that the comparison isn’t favorable, with accusations that one language is merely copying the other, but perhaps the similarities shouldn’t really be that surprising – they’re both trying to do the same things: provide a better alternative to what already exists.

Regardless of the debates, Kotlin is a particularly compelling language if you’re a Java developer. It works extremely well, for example, with Spring Boot to develop web services. Certainly as monolithic Java applications shift into microservices, Kotlin is only going to become more popular.

Learn Kotlin in 2019 if…

  • You’re a Java developer that wants to build better apps, faster
  • You want to see what all the fuss is about from the Android community

C

Most of the languages on this list are pretty new, but I’m going to finish with a classic that refuses to go away.

C has a reputation for being complicated and hard to learn, but it remains relevant because you can find it in so much of the software we take for granted. It’s the backbone of our operating systems, and used in everyday objects that have software embedded in them.

Together, this means C is a language worth learning because it gives you an insight into how software actually works on machines. In a world where abstraction and accessibility rules the software landscape, getting beneath everything can be extremely valuable.

Learn C in 2019 if…

You’re looking for a new challenge
You want to gain a deeper understanding of how software works on your machine
You’re interested in developing embedded systems and virtual reality projects

 

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Credits : Business2community

 

To become a great Java developer, knowing the programming language is not enough. You must be excellent in Java programming and coding to make a good application.

This year, in 2019, just don’t sit around with the same level of Java programming skills, rather hone your Java skills to become the best Java Programmer.

Since Java is one of the hottest programming languages, remember that you are not alone in the competition. According to a report, there are around 9 million of enthusiastic Java developers in the world, who have good insight on technology, and they are also willing to learn new developments in Java, such as Java 8, JDK 10, and JVM internals.

For a Java app development company to overlook all of them and hire you as their new Java software developer, who will help them make a robust Java application needs some difference in skills, efficiency, and perspective on your part.

So, if you are seeking to know how to get better at Java, then you have reached the right place. Here, we will share you 7 impressive tips to become a great Java Developer in 2019, focusing on new updates in Java such as Cloud Native Java, Kotlin, Code and Design Patterns.

But before we go ahead, here are some interesting facts that state why Java programmers are in such a high demand.

Facts: Why Companies Hire Java Developers For their Critical Software Projects

Here’s a list of interesting facts that make Java so popular and increase the demand of Java Developers.

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Java is now managed by Oracle, a thriving American multinational computer technology corporation. Means there is a lot of scope for Java in terms of growth as a platform and its core APIs. Java’s latest major release is the Platform Standard Edition 8.
  • Java is ranked #2 in popularity after C. The language ranked first in the rankings of software developers as the best choice of programming languages.
  • About 3 billion mobile phones, 125 million TV sets and each Blu-Ray player are working in Java.
  • Google’s Android operating system also uses Java APIs.
  • Since this open source code programming language is used both in software and web development, it is no surprise that 95% of enterprises use Java for programming. That is more than C and other languages put together.

These facts highlight why Java is so important for enterprises, regardless of size. And if you want to get hired as Java Developer, you must possess extraordinary Java Development skills.

Here is a list of 7 useful tips for Java mobile app and web developers. These tips are equally useful for companies looking to hire Java Developer, as it will give them a glimpse of what skills they should be seeking in a good Java Programmer.

List of 7 Useful Tips to Become a Great Developer in 2019

Java is used to build a comprehensive range of applications and platforms for a myriad of devices, including Smartphones, Computers, Laptops, Gaming Consoles, Car Navigation Systems, Lottery Terminals, Blu-ray Players, and more. Here is the list of Java tips that will help you to give an idea of how you can improve on your Java development skills to build applications for these devices.

Learn Java 8

There are many Java Developers in the market with the 7 to 8 years’ experience, and still not comfortable to write a code using Java 8 features such as Lambda Expressions, Java Stream API, used for bulk data operations on collections, and various Default Methods.

If you get a strong command over Java 8 features, you can overpass so many Java Developers out there, with little or no knowledge of Java 8.

Java 8 was first launched on 18th March 2014, and now Oracle has decided to end the ongoing support plans for Java Standard Edition 8. Businesses need to get a commercial license to receive Java Updates after Jan 2019. Although, public updates for Java SE 8 will be available for individual, personal use through at least the end of 2020, which is the good news for Freelance Java Developers.

Key Features of Java 8 to Learn

  • Default and Static Method in Interfaces: Using Default and Static keyword, Java Developers can create interfaces with method implementation.
  • forEach() method in Iterable interface: In Java 8, a new forEach method in java.lang.Iterable interface has been introduced, which enables developers to focus on business logic while writing code. forEach method takes java.util.function.Consumer object as argument, that allows keeping business logic separately at a different location, so that it can be reused later.
  • Functional Interfaces and Lambda Expressions: Functional interfaces are a new concept introduced in Java 8. An interface with exactly one abstract method becomes Functional Interface. @FunctionalInterface annotation is a facility to avoid accidental addition of abstract methods in the functional interfaces.
  • Java Stream API:A new java.util.stream in Java 8 has been added to perform filter/map/reduce like operations with the collection. The new Stream API will enable developers to manage sequential as well as parallel execution.

Become a Pro at Java APIs and Libraries

Java is one of the most mature programming languages in the world, with 2nd largest StackOverflow community. The community plays an integral role in creating a Java ecosystem.

Java APIs and Libraries form a major part of this ecosystem. Knowing about key APIs and Libraries, including Java Development Kit and Third-party Libraries is one of the key traits of a great Java developer.

Java SE documentation contains detailed, developer-targeted descriptions and references on Java API, including workarounds and working code examples.

It is not expected from a Java application developer to learn all the APIs and know about every element in the library. Only that the developer, whether a Freelance Java Developer or one working for Java Development Company, must be aware of crucial APIs and Libraries.

Among thousands of Java Libraries, here are the top 10 well-documented libraries that are open source and free for use.

Top 10 Java Libraries

  • Java Standard Libraries: Contains a vast set of collections and data structures, and elements required for Java application development project
  • JHipster: Used for generating, develop and deploy Spring Boot + Angular Web applications and Spring microservices
  • Maven: Used for managing project dependencies, configurations and build configuration and documentation
  • Apache Commons: Product-focused libraries with components allowing advanced mathematics and statistics operations and computations
  • Guava: Google Core Libraries for Java, used for extending the basic Java collections functionalities
  • google-gson: Useful for converting Java Objects to JSON and vice versa
  • Hibernate-ORM: Used for persisting of data in relational databases
  • Mockito: Used for creating mocks and write tests easier with simpler and cleaner code
  • Junit: Used for conducting repeatable tests on your code
  • Log4j and Slf4j: Simple logging frameworks

When it comes to Java APIs, the core Java API contains Android (Google), SE (OpenJDK and Oracle), MicroEJ (IS2T), whereas optional APIs are defined by organizations such as Alljoyn, OSGi, Eclipse, JCP, E-S-R, etc.

Here, you don’t have to learn all the libraries, instead, focus on maximum 2 or 3, but also gain the knowledge of all these libraries and how they can help you in a particular project.

Explore Spring Framework (Spring Boot)

This Java platform is important for every Java Application Developer

It enables the developers to build applications from plain old Java objects” (POJOs) and also useful for Java SE programming model.

These days, most of the Java Development Companies use Spring framework such as Spring Boot, Spring MVC, and Spring Cloud for developing a web application, microservices, and REST APIs.

You will find that a great Java Developer is familiar with all the Spring platform advantages such as: making a Java method execute in a database transaction, making a local Java method a remote procedure, and making a local Java method a management operation.

Enhance Your Unit Testing Skills

You will find advanced unit testing skills in every professional Java programmer. It is this skill that distinguishes good Java programmer from average Java programmer.

A professional Java developer always writes unit tests for their code, which helps in validating code results in the state testing or behavior testing.

If you are seeking a good Java Application Developer, please make sure that the developer has the familiarity with a wide range of tools for unit testing, automation testing, performance testing, and integration testing.

Professional Java developers, who already have experience with Java, it is time for you to improve your skills on software unit tests to verify the logic of a piece of a software program.

Beginners can start with Junit, the latest version of which is JUnit 5, which is easy but powerful.

Focus on JVM Internals

Even if you are a beginner in Java Application Development you must have some working knowledge Java Virtual Machine (JVM), which is a crucial element of JRE (Java Runtime Environment).

If you understand JVM, means you understand Java better.

Learning JVM will help you solve complex problems during programming.

For becoming a great Java Developer, learn how JVM works, JVM system threads, how JVM executes JAVA bytecode, and the order of execution. Some other key aspects that you must be aware of to hone your Java skills in 2019 are JVM stack restrictions and common mistakes that most of the Java Developers make.

Improve Your Working Knowledge of Design Patterns

If you are an experienced object-oriented software developer, you must be aware of the importance of Design Patterns in Software Development.

Design pattern shows the relation between classes and object. A systematic naming of the objects and classes helps in addressing the recurring problem in the object-oriented systems.

Every great Java Developer knows and incorporates design patterns in their code to make the application flexible and changeable.

There are two goals of learning design pattern:

  • Identify and understand the problem in the application and associate it with some pattern.
  • Reuse of old interface or make the existing design more usable for future purposes.

Whether you are a freelance Java developer or working as a regular employer, you must have an in-depth understanding of design patterns.

Learn JVM Languages

The way learning new languages helps you in personal and professional life, exactly the same way, learning programming languages other than Java help in Java application development.

Kotlin is a statically typed programming language that runs on the Java virtual machine and also can be compiled to JavaScript source code or use the LLVM compiler infrastructure.

Java enthusiasts must learn JVM languages, such as Scala, Groovy, and Kotlin to become a Polyglot developer.

By learning new programming languages, you can compare the advantages and disadvantages better, which will further enable you to write better code. Besides, it will also help into Android development.

Final Thoughts

If you want to become a pro at Java and value learning new Java programming and coding skills, then explore the new features Java 8, while also learn new programming languages to enhance your skill. Of course, it is not possible to learn everything at once, so start picking one and gradually move to next. The best would be to focus on Java 8 features, as for any application development process, you need good, working experience of Java 8.

 

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Credits : Techrepublic

 

Amidst the angsty finger-pointing over the cloud giants’ supposedly one-sided relationship to open source (all take, no give), with the accompanying claim that open source will dry up without someone lining the pockets of the VCs who fund (very little of) the code, foundations keep generating lots of fantastic open source code. Often overlooked, these foundations play an unusually important role in the development of open source software, offering a vendor-neutral setting for competitors to cooperate with legal protections around IP and antitrust.

We’re familiar with the Cloud Native Computing Foundation, given its role in pushing Kubernetes development, among other things. Less familiar to many, however, is the quiet but important work being done by the Eclipse Foundation, now home to the future of enterprise Java under the community-voted moniker of Jakarta EE, the successor to Java EE (which remains licensed by Oracle and maintained under the JCP). Seemingly overnight this 15-year-old organization has put itself at the center of what many hope will be a modernized cloud-native Java environment. Eclipse has also been embraced by the burgeoning growth of Internet of Things (IoT) projects in open source.

Old dog, new tricks

Created in 2004 as the home for the Java integrated development environment (IDE) toolset called Eclipse, the Eclipse Foundation has recently been revitalized. With a relatively spartan professional staff of 30 people based mostly in Canada, the Eclipse Foundation today claims oversight of more than 360 projects and 1,550+ code committers who have contributed more than 162 million lines of code to date with an estimated software value of some $9 billion.That’s a lot of code and a lot of money. And a lot of thankless work.

No code is as important as the work with Jakarta EE. As Eclipse Foundation executive director Mike Milinkovich has said, Java had “always been single vendor, and always been specification-first, which I think [has] helped slow down the pace of innovation.” Indeed. Under Oracle’s stewardship, Java EE 8 was a year late in being released, and the enterprise edition hadn’t seen an update in four years.

Now with the Eclipse Foundation behind it, Java is moving faster, having already issued two releases in 2018. Whether it will maintain this pace is up to the community developing it, but given the need to keep pace with the rise of microservices and other innovations, Java (Jakarta) risks losing relevance if it can’t indulge modern developer requirements. With the help of the Eclipse Foundation, Jakarta is doing just that.

Credit where credit is due

It can be easy to overlook the hard and political work of keeping vendors with market caps that approach a trillion dollars aligned with a global community of dedicated developers (most of whom now work for these very same vendors). These groups have their flaws and shortcomings, and open source software can be very messy by the very nature of its open development processes. You don’t get access to the developer Slack channels at proprietary software vendors, but anyone can peruse the Linux Kernel mailing lists.

But this generally thankless work by foundations like the Eclipse Foundation pays enormous dividends for all of us. It can even move markets. For example, the biggest tech acquisition in history? That was IBM buying Red Hat for $34 billion. Indeed, for all of 2018, open source software drove more than $65 billion in mergers, acquisitions, and IPOs.

So this year take a moment to thank the people behind open source who help create the environments where developers can focus on developing cool software and leave the thankless work of code hygiene to others. Thank the Apache Software Foundation, the Linux Foundation, and the newly revitalized Eclipse Foundation, among others, for the work they’re doing to corral corporations to give more, and to do so more efficiently.

Better yet, join with them and contribute your time and energy to their good works. Make 2019 an even better year for you and open source.

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