IoT is the next big thing in Industry 4.0, and developers and techies from all across the world are already arming themselves with the skills needed to ride this wave. In this article, we list down 10 best programming languages one must know in the coming year to be able to successfully create and deploy projects in IoT.
C and C++ rule the list when it comes to IoT devices. According to the IoT Developers survey, C language secured the first position for constrained devices while C++ secured the second position. These languages are well-known for their portability and most of the micro-controllers for IoT devices support these languages for computing.
PHPoC (PHP on Chip) is a programming language and an IoT hardware platform which is developed based on widely-used PHP language. This makes the language not only a Web development language but also the general-purpose programming language for IoT. The syntax is almost the same as PHP and it inherits almost all the core functions from PHP. Further, PHPoC adds new functions which are used to interact with hardware peripherals such as I/O, UART, I2C, SPI, ADC, TIMER/COUNTER, RTC and much more.
Rust programming language was introduced as an alternative to the C language. C and C++ are common programming languages for IoT devices due to their fine-grained memory management and low runtime overhead. Similarly, Rust is also a memory-safe system programming language which also provides low runtime overhead and fine-grained
memory management. It is a systems programming language with strong safety guarantees which prevents memory corruption and has the potential to solve the problems that can occur when using C language.
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