Credits : Forbes

Credits : Forbes


Software developer Tuukka Ojala recently posted about how he works without the benefit of sight. Ojala, who is almost totally blind, explains how he does his work with the help of a braille keyboard and display, and synthetic speech.

His situation is not unique. A Stack Overflow thread asking how blind people program includes responses from people all over the world, complete with thoughts on which tools are best suited to blind programmers, as well as technology under development.

That particular thread is a few years old and surely outdated now, but much more has been published in the meanwhile, like Parham Doustdar’s Tools of a Blind Programmer, and Saqib Shaikh’s YouTube video demonstrating how he programs.

Software developers don’t always show a lot of interest in accessibility. It’s something you might not appreciate until you encounter a blind user deftly navigating your program or website.

When I shared Tuukka Ojala’s post on LinkedIn, it drew more attention than just about anything else I’ve shared. It’s an uplifting story of living a productive everyday life in spite of an extraordinary challenge.

It’s also a nice success story for software accessibility and how it opens the door to computing for many people. This is no edge case: worldwide, 39 million people are blind, and 246 million have low vision.

For me, though, these stories are also a reminder of an inspiring tech industry success story from my college days.

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CUPERTINO, CA - SEPTEMBER 12: Apple Senior Vice President of Software Engineering Craig Federighi introduces the new iPhone X during an Apple special event at the Steve Jobs Theatre on the Apple Park campus on September 12, 2017 in Cupertino, California. Apple is holding their first special event at the new Apple Park campus where they are expected to unveil a new iPhone.   Justin Sullivan/Getty Images/AFP

CUPERTINO, CA – SEPTEMBER 12: Apple Senior Vice President of Software Engineering Craig Federighi introduces the new iPhone X during an Apple special event at the Steve Jobs Theatre on the Apple Park campus on September 12, 2017 in Cupertino, California. Apple is holding their first special event at the new Apple Park campus where they are expected to unveil a new iPhone. Justin Sullivan/Getty Images/AFP


There was a rather popular feature in iOS 9 and iOS 10 that allowed 3D Touch users to access the app switcher by long pressing on the left edge and then swiping right, instead of double tapping the home button. However, that feature was later removed without any explanation, and hasn’t arrived with the latest iOS 11 update as well (wasn’t in beta either). Replying to a user complaint, Apple software engineering chief Craig Federighi has now confirmed that the app switcher gesture feature was removed due to technical constraints, and should be back in a future iOS 11 update.

MacRumors reader Adam Zahn wrote an email to Federighi complaining about the absence of the feature, to which the Apple executive replied, “We regretfully had to temporarily drop support for this gesture due to a technical constraint. We will be bringing it back in an upcoming iOS 11.x update.”

This is obviously good news for all the users who used this feature quite a lot. Users with a 3D Touch iPhone running on the old iOS 9 or iOS 10 software can use this feature by long pressing on the left edge, and then swiping right, as shown in the video below.

iOS 11, meanwhile is now available to download for iPhone 5s and above devices, and this big software update comes with a lot of exciting new features, like a redesigned App Store, new and improved Control Centre, a new Files app, iMessage improvements, screenshots and screen capture get new features, and live photos gets new cool effects as well.

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Credits : Jobs.theconversation

Credits : Jobs.theconversation

  • Convenient central city location in Melbourne, one of the world’s most liveable cities
  • Full-Time, 3-year Fixed-Term “Industry Fellow” Position until December 2020
  • Attractive salary package on offer
  • Application closing date: Sunday 15th October 2017

Our Organisation

RMIT is a global university of technology, design and enterprise. Our mission is to help shape the world through research, innovation, teaching and engagement, and to create transformative experiences for our students, getting them ready for life and work. RMIT prides itself on the strong industry links it has forged over its 130-year history. Collaboration with industry is integral to the University’s leadership in applied research and education, and to the development of highly skilled, globally focused graduates.

The School of Science provides over 45 bachelor and postgraduate programs, and undertakes world class research across the disciplines of physical sciences, mathematical sciences and computer science. The position will be aligned with the Discipline of Computer Science and Software Engineering, part of one of Australia’s largest and leading educational facilities in the field. In the 2017 QS University Rankings by discipline, RMIT University was ranked top-100 globally for Computer Science and Information Systems. RMIT University is an Athena SWAN member and the College of Science, Engineering and Health is central to driving improvements in gender equality, diversity and inclusion, particularly in the Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics and Medicine (STEMM) disciplines.

Role & Responsibilities

The Industry Fellow is expected to contribute to the teaching and research efforts of the School, in disciplines related to their field of expertise. The Industry Fellow is also expected to actively promote the program by establishing and maintaining memberships, links and partnerships with academic, industry and professional communities. The Industry Fellow is expected to work collaboratively and collegially with fellow academics within the teaching team, and update colleagues and students on developments in their subject area or specialisation. The Industry Fellow may be responsible for course coordination.

As an Industry Fellow, the successful candidate will teach into Software Engineering courses and will provide guidance to ensure their industry relevance, to ensure employability of such students. The Industry Fellow may also be required to manage Software Engineering projects performed by students and to help create internship opportunities. The Industry Fellow would also be encouraged to develop linkages with the RMIT Activator and to develop a potential external/industry-facing Software Engineering capability.

Skills & Experience Required

You will have demonstrated ability to prepare and deliver programs at undergraduate and post-graduate levels, experience undertaking a course coordinator role would be beneficial. A history of working in or with the IT / software industry will be essential to your success in the role. Also desirable is a demonstrated history of innovation in the IT industry and/or an emerging track record and recognition for quality research which will contribute to existing research areas of the discipline.

To Apply

Applicants are requested to separately address the key selection criteria as outlined in the Position Description. For further information please contact Assoc. Prof. John Thangarajah ( or to view a position description visit our website and search using job reference number **558257.

Applications close on Sunday 15 October 2017.

This role will require satisfactory confirmation of a Working with Children Check.

RMIT is an equal opportunity employer committed to being a child safe organisation. We are dedicated to attracting, retaining and developing our people regardless of gender identity, ethnicity, sexual orientation, disability and age. Applications are encouraged from all sectors of the community.

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Credits : Cmswire

Credits : Cmswire


A software engineer can expect to make about $102,280 a year. An information security analyst will bring in $92,600. A computer systems analyst’s salary is $87,220.

These are the the top-paying jobs in the IT industry right now, according to’s annual Jobs Rated report. Their growth rates aren’t too shabby either, clocking in at 17 percent, 18 percent and 21 percent, by 2024 respectively.

Nothing on this list should come as a surprise, said Charles King, principal of Pund-IT. “It is a reflection of the continuing movement of business processes and customer engagement to the internet in one form or another,” he told CMSWire. “The web has become the fundamental platform for the way people engage one another, with businesses and other kinds of organizations.”

A Bright IT Future

The list also reflects the bright future a career in IT offers. “The proliferation of technology unsurprisingly fuels the economic and job market landscapes, with careers in IT presenting some of the most promising opportunities of the foreseeable future,” noted in a blog post introducing the list.

Rounding out the top six best paying jobs is network computer systems administrator, which pays $79,700 and has a growth forecast of 8 percent; technical writer, which pays $69,850 and has a growth outlook of 10 percent; and web developer, which has a salary of $66,130 and a growth projection of 27 percent.

3 Trends Driving Career Demands

So, we get it. IT jobs pay well — even the writing positions. But surely this list must provide more insight than that into the sector, to say nothing of career decisions. As it happens, it does. Following are some takeaways from’s list.

Mobile Still Reigns

Consider the position of web developer and its growth outlook of 27 percent by 2024. Web development has existed since the the launch of the internet, but the actual position’s emphasis is always evolving, noted.

Today that emphasis is the insatiable demand for mobile-friendly site design and usability. “In late 2016, StatCounter released findings that 51.3 percent of all internet users in October 2016 used mobile devices, marking the first time ever that mobile usage outpaced desktop,” it said in its post. “As tablets and smartphones become more prevalent, that trend will continue.”

AI Is Hot (For Now)

One reason why software engineers find the pay so generous is the burgeoning growth of artificial intelligence in all facets of software — that is driving the need for software engineers, according to

And yet, King said, companies constantly bemoan the shortage of good engineers. This is in part a question of compensation: some companies cannot afford or do not want to pay the top rate for these professionals. But the shortage is also due to the relative newness of this field of study — or perhaps better put, the demand for professionals in this field of study is relatively new.

Unfortunately what usually happens is that students or professionals looking to make a career change will opt for a career as a software engineer primarily because of numbers like these, King said. “They will get the training just in time to see demand for these professionals start to crater and then decline.” The market will, of course, then be clamoring for the next hot job skill.

A Constantly Changing Industry

King offers another word of warning to students: the industry is in a constant state of flux. Becoming an information security analyst, for example, would seem to be a no-brainer with the increasing amount of hacker attacks and security exploits.

“It is natural that these positions are becoming more important,” King said. But you can’t just up and become a security analyst without research about where the industry stands. “You have to consider the various platforms and vendors that you will ally yourself with before you make any kind of commitment to study.”

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Credits : Businesscomputingworld

Credits : Businesscomputingworld


The rapid pace with which internet is spreading its wings gives rise to the need of a reliable PHP web development company that can contribute ample benefits to your business in terms of robustness plus premium features. In this business-oriented era where we are living, it is a demanding chore to showcase your business to the deserving clientele.

Customers of today spend half of their time over the web and it becomes indispensable for the businesses to escalate their brand presence over the web. A PHP web development company is like a saviour in the web development niche as it develops fruitful PHP applications to let your businesses gain a competitive edge.

Why A PHP Web Development Company?

There are myriad of features that PHP inhibits which makes it a wise choice for multifarious businesses to move to a PHP development company.

  • PHP is a clean and eloquent language that is made compatible with the different languages such as HTML and CSS and plethora of frameworks like Zend and Cake PHP.
  • Open-source makes it easy to work with major editors like Eclipse and Net beans.
  • Number of extensions and libraries help in expanding the functionalities of a website.
  • It is easy to integrate PHP with diverse dynamic visual applications.

Here are the key points to look out in a PHP development company:

1. Scrutinise Their Portfolio

Portfolio of a web development company is an important factor to keep an eye on. Examine the projects matching your requirements and gain knowledge about the functions and features the company embedded into their previous work projects.

2. Identify Web Technologies They Are Expert In

It is also necessary to know the development process a company is following so that you will be aware of different project development methodologies, technology patterns and processes to evaluate the project development life cycle.

3. Measure Client Reviews For Genuine Feedback

The reviews from the past clients are important to decide whether a company is worth for hiring or not.

4. Be Open With All The Queries

When you find a company worth for hiring, it is the time to communicate with them. For this, you must be prepared with a set of questions related to their developers, experience, skills and after work support.

5. Check Scope For Post Development

It is next to impossible to get a flawless web application at a single run without any ambiguity. So, you need to look out for an option that will guarantee utmost flexibility for necessary changes and give prompt response for time to time updates.

As you have prepared a sorted list of the best names, it is the time to opt right PHP web development company that will best-match your requirements. Although there is an array of options available over the web, it is an arduous task to choose the one that gathers maximum business profits. An optimum web development firm is one that incorporates all the latest tools and technologies.

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Credits : Forbes

Credits : Forbes


As tech companies grow, they often start overcomplicating and overbuilding software. The goal of such companies should be to create a tech process that allows flexibility and improves efficiency.

To do that, we need to understand the different areas technology must satisfy:

  • Business
  • Clients
  • Stability

A long-term business vision is very much needed as a guideline for everything that you want to build. Every idea will be checked against this guideline to make sure you don’t stray too much.

When thinking about the tech builds that will help you keep and generate more clients, it’s best to consider how your company can help your clients grow their businesses. If you focus on helping your clients grow, your business will also grow as a result.

While it is implied that tech must be stable, in the everlasting race of pushing out more and more features, we can easily forget that none of it matters if the system keeps crashing all the time. Every once in a while, you should have a project that has the goal of improving stability.

The Process

I have found that an iterative process works best, as it continuously improves the software while taking constant client feedback into consideration. The basis of the process features two pillars: planning and development.

The planning process starts with an idea and ends with a precise list of tasks for developers. In the process, the business and tech teams will work through all the issues and requirements and answer all questions. The development process always requires going through the flow of building new projects, one at a time.

Both planning and development processes work in endless cycles. Planning will always be preparing the next project, and development will always start working on the project after planning was finished.

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Credits : Forbes

Credits : Forbes


Back when I was a teenager, before the days of the internet, I taught myself how to program, and of particular interest to me were neural networks and deep learning.

From this perspective, it’s been fascinating to see how artificial intelligence (AI) has re-emerged after long periods of failing to meet expectations. Helped by the power of cloud computing and big data, AI is creating a revolution faster than we could ever imagine. We see it everywhere today — from Google Photos to Amazon’s Alexa to the self-driving capability of a Tesla. But how will AI impact the development of the software that underlies many of these new services? How will the job of a developer or tester change?

Will we see the transition to, in the words of Google CEO Sundar Pichai, software becoming a system that “automatically writes itself”?

AI is already starting to impact all aspects of the software development lifecycle, from the upfront conceptualization of the software to development, testing, deployment and ongoing maintenance. Currently, I see two main impacts of AI on software development:

  1. AI helping developers and testers create better software
  2. Developers using AI to create better functionality that is more responsive to users

AI Is Helping Developers And Testers Create Better Software

The first impact of AI on the developer job has been due to improved tools that help developers code better and for quality assurance (QA) experts to test more effectively. This is already helping improve overall software quality, as using machine learning to test software is the natural next step after automation testing. We’re already seeing testers use bots to find software bugs. Meanwhile, an emerging area involves testing tools that can use AI to help testers find flaws in their software and then fix code automatically after finding a bug. As an example, last year the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) held a major event to develop systems that can automatically and autonomously “detect, evaluate and patch software vulnerabilities” to improve cybersecurity.

AI will also help young developers become better programmers faster while helping them learn different languages if they want to change their focus. Just as we’re seeing AI seep into enterprises via the tools that we all use every day (think of Salesforce embedding AI into its CRM platform or AI now appearing in Microsoft Word’s Editor), similar tools will impact the developer community.

One of the most interesting areas of AI is seeing how it can help developers work better together. For example, in agile development, we’re seeing how AI can be used to improve estimates. While agile teams can become very effective at estimating accurately after working together for some time, there will still be challenges given the range of influencing factors. AI is well-placed to provide guidance on estimates where there is a complex interplay between different variables and a lot of data available from previous projects.

Meanwhile, I believe we can expect to see machine learning being used in scenarios such as predicting the possible failure rate for an agile sprint. We can also expect to see the emergence of AI helping developers decide what they should be building. For example, what parts of an application should the development team focus on?

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Credits : Markets.businessinsider

Credits : Markets.businessinsider


The “Internet of Things (IoT) Software Development: IoT APIs, Apps, and Services Market Outlook and Forecasts 2017 – 2022″ report has been added to Research and Markets’ offering.

This research assesses the market challenges and opportunities associated with development and support of IoT APIs. The report evaluates leading companies, solutions, technologies, and use cases. The report also analyzes the role of IoT APIs in support of key functional components of the IoT Ecosystem including Identity Management, Mediation, and other operational support functions. The report includes detailed forecasts for IoT API revenue globally, regionally, and by industry verticals for the period 2017 to 2022.

This research also evaluates the IoT app and service ecosystem including major players, market outlook, and opportunities. This research also assesses the growth factors and related technologies including Integrated Development Platform (IDP), Real Time Operating System (RTOS), QA Testing, Open Source and Commercial IoT OS, and overall IoT app and service deployment considerations. The report also analyzes important companies and solutions as well as products, apps, and services in each segment. The report includes detailed forecasts for the global and regional market including IoT OS market, IoT ADDP market, and IoT Testing market from 2017 to 2022.

Software development companies and network integrators are increasingly focusing attention on the Internet of Things (IoT), both for applications directly involving IoT as well as integrating existing software with sensor networks, remote devices, and cloud-based computing. Application Programming Interfaces (API) are a key enabler of IoT software development as well as application and service operations. APIs are rapidly becoming table stakes for interoperability between IoT platforms, devices, and gateways.

Key areas for IoT app and service support include IoT specific OS, Application Development & Deployment Platform (ADDP), and IoT Testing services. For example, ADDP and IoT Testing services in particular will be crucial to mitigate risks for enterprise deployment and reduce lifecycle costs. Another important area is IoT simulation as it will be critical to identifying network impact, potential security concerns, and much more. Among the key technologies, Digital Twinning will play an especially important role.

Key Topics Covered:

IoT API Use Cases, Solutions, Market Outlook and Forecasts 2017 – 2022

1 Executive Summary

2 API Management

3 API Management Tool Providers and Solutions

4 IoT API Market Drivers

5 Monetizing IoT APIs

6 IoT API Forecasts 2017 – 2022

7 Conclusions and Recommendations

8 Appendix

IoT Application and Services Development Market 2017 – 2022

1 Introduction

2 IoT Operating Systems

3 IoT Application Development and Deployment

4 IoT Testing Services

5 Market Forecast 2017 – 2022

6 Company Analysis

7 Conclusions and Recommendations

8 Appendix: IoT Simulations Marketplace

List of Companies Featured:

  • 3Scale
  • Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) Inc.
  • Advantech
  • Afour Technologies Pvt Ltd
  • Akana
  • Alcatel-Lucent
  • Altera Corporation
  • Amazon Web Services
  • Amperex Technology Limited (ATL)
  • API Axle
  • Apiary
  • Apica System
  • Apify
  • Apigee
  • APIphany
  • Apple Inc.
  • ARM Ltd.
  • AT&T Inc.
  • Atmel Corporation
  • Atmosphere
  • Axway
  • Beyond Security
  • Blackberry Limited
  • C3IoT
  • CA API Management
  • Canonical Ltd.
  • Capgemini SE
  • Cloud Elements
  • Contiki
  • Cumula
  • Cypress Semiconductor Corporation
  • Deployd
  • DreamFactory
  • Eclipse Foundation
  • Emergent One
  • Enea AB
  • eSol Co. Ltd.
  • Express Logic Inc.
  • General Electric (GE)
  • Google Inc.
  • Green Hills Software
  • Happiest Minds Technologies
  • HCL Technologies Ltd.
  • Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.
  • IBM Corporation
  • Infosys Limited
  • Ixia
  • Kasabi
  • Kaspersky Lab
  • Kong
  • Layer 7 Technologies
  • Lynx Software Technologies Inc.
  • Mashape
  • Mashery
  • Mentor Graphics Inc.
  • Microsoft Corporation
  • Nevatech Sentinet
  • Novacoast Inc.
  • Oracle Corporation
  • Praetorian
  • PTC
  • Rapid7 Inc.
  • RapidValue Solutions
  • RedAnt
  • REST United
  • Restlet
  • Saksoft Limited
  • Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd.
  • SAP SE
  • Sense Tecnic System Inc. (STS)
  • Smartbear Software
  • Socrata
  • StrongLoop
  • Swagger
  • Tata Consultancy Services Limited
  • Telit Communications PLC
  • Temboo Inc.
  • Texas Instruments Inc. (TI)
  • TIBCO Software Inc.
  • Trustwave Holdings Inc.
  • Tyk
  • Unicoi Systems Inc.
  • Vordel
  • WebServius
  • Wind River
  • WITTENSTEIN high integrity systems (WHIS)
  • WSO2

List of APIs:

  • Amazon Alexa Smart Home Skills API
  • Amazon Alexa Voice Service API
  • Amazon List Skills API
  • API
  • API Management
  • APIBond API
  • Apple HomeKit API
  • Arrayent API
  • Arrow Intelligent Services API
  • AT&T M2X Distribution API
  • AT&T M2X Keys API
  • Autodata Motorcycle API
  • Automile API
  • BeaconsInSpace API
  • Beagle Sense API
  • Beebotte API
  • BITalino API
  • BloomSky API
  • Body Labs BodyKit Instant API
  • Brivo Labs SAM API
  • API
  • Cara API
  • CarmaLink GPS API
  • Caruma API
  • Carvoyant API
  • Chain API
  • ClearBlade API
  • CloudRail API
  • Codeproof MDM API
  • CoSwitched API
  • Couchbase API
  • API
  • CubeSensors API
  • Dash Chassis API
  • Dash Mobile API
  • DeviceHive API
  • DeviceHub API
  • DeviceIdentifier API
  • Dog Gateway API
  • ecobee API
  • electric imp API
  • energyhive API
  • Estimote API
  • Fencer API
  • FitBark API
  • GardenKit API
  • Garmin Communicator Plugin API
  • Garmin Connect API
  • Google Open Spherical Camera API
  • Google Weave API
  • GroveStreams API
  • Houndify API
  • HPE Haven OnDem and Retrieve Config API
  • ickStream API
  • Illiri API
  • Indigo Domotics API
  • Instacount API
  • InstaUnite API
  • Insteon API
  • Interpair API
  • ioBridge API
  • IOStash IoT PaaS API
  • Istabai API
  • Kaa Admin API
  • Know Watt API
  • Konekt API
  • API
  • Kuzzle API
  • Lelylan API
  • littleBits Cloud API
  • Livio Connect API
  • Lockitron API
  • Loggamera Heatpump API
  • LotaData API
  • Matrix API
  • Meeti API
  • Meshblu API
  • MicroBees API
  • Minme API
  • Miracl API
  • Miri Device Description API
  • Misfit API
  • Mnubo API
  • MoBagel API
  • Mojio API
  • Mojio Push API
  • Motion Shadow API
  • Muzzley API
  • myCloudData API
  • Myfox API
  • Myle API
  • MyTagList API
  • NAOqi Sensors API
  • ncryptify API
  • Nest API
  • Netatmo API
  • Netbeast API
  • Neura API
  • Nymi API
  • OGC SensorThings API
  • Okidokeys API
  • Omega Ricochet API
  • OpenChannel Marketplace API
  • OpenSensors API
  • Orange Datavenue API
  • Pachube API
  • Paraimpu API
  • Particle API
  • Pebble API
  • Pimatic REST API
  • Pinoccio API
  • Planet OS API
  • PlugShare Station API
  • Poken API
  • Predix Asset Data API
  • Predix Time Series API
  • Predix Traffic Planning API
  • API
  • PSA Group Connected Car API
  • Pulseway REST API
  • PushBug API
  • Relayr API
  • Reposify API
  • Cross-Device User Identification API
  • Safecast API
  • Samsung ARTIK Cloud API
  • Scio API
  • Scout API
  • API
  • SecureDB accounts API
  • Sense Tecnic WoTkit API
  • Sense360 API
  • SenseIoT API
  • Sensorberg API
  • Sensorist API
  • Shodan API
  • Sidecar Event API
  • Sierra Wireless AirVantage API
  • Smart Citizen API
  • SmartThings API
  • Solutecia API
  • Sonos Music API
  • Sony Lifelog API
  • Space Bunny API
  • Spark Devices API
  • SwiftKey API
  • TalkBack API
  • Telecoms Cloud API
  • Telematic REST API
  • Telepat API
  • Temboo API
  • Thalmic Myo API
  • The Beacon Registry API
  • theThings.IO REST API
  • API
  • ThingPark API
  • ThingSpeak API
  • ThinkEco API
  • Thinking Things API
  • Tweakker API
  • Ubidots API
  • UnificationEngine API
  • Unofficial Tesla Model S API
  • URX App Search API
  • Verizon Personal Cloud Storage API
  • VIMOC Technologies API
  • Vinli API
  • W3C Generic Sensor API
  • W3C Web MIDI API
  • Weaver API
  • Wia API
  • Wink App API
  • Withings API
  • Xively API
  • xMatters API
  • yetu API
  • Zatar API

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Credits : Itworld

Credits : Itworld


Platform-as-a-service (PaaS) is a type of cloud computing offering in which a service provider delivers a platform to clients, enabling them to develop, run, and manage business applications without the need to build and maintain the infrastructure such software development processes typically require.

As with other cloud services such as infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) and software-as-a-service (SaaS), PaaS is offered via a cloud service provider’s hosted infrastructure. Users typically access PaaS offerings via a web browser.

PaaS can be delivered through public, private, or hybrid clouds. With a public cloud PaaS, the customer controls software deployment while the cloud provider delivers all the major IT components needed to host the applications, including servers, storage systems, networks, operating systems, and databases.

With a private cloud offering, PaaS is delivered as software or an appliance within a customer’s firewall, typically in its on-premises datacenter. Hybrid cloud PaaS offers a mix of the two types of cloud service.

Rather than replace an organization’s entire IT infrastructure for software development, PaaS provides key services such as application hosting or Java development. Some PaaS offerings include application design, development, testing, and deployment. PaaS services can also include web service integration, development team collaboration, database integration, and information security.

As with other types of cloud services, customers pay for PaaS on a per-use basis, with some providers charging a flat monthly fee for access to the platform and applications hosted on the platform.

PaaS’s business benefits and drivers

One of the biggest advantages of PaaS is that enterprises can gain an environment in which to create and deploy new applications without the need to spend time and money building and maintaining an infrastructure that includes servers and databases.

This can lead to faster development and delivery of applications, a huge plus for businesses looking to gain a competitive edge or that need to get products to market quickly.

PaaS also lets them test the use of new languages, operating systems, databases, and other development technologies quickly, because they do not have to stand up the supporting infrastructure for them. PaaS also makes it easier and faster to upgrade their tools.

And the use of PaaS forces enterprise software developers to use cloud techniques in their applications, helping then adopt modern principles and take better advantage of cloud infrastructure (IaaS) platforms.

Because organizations using PaaS can manage their applications and data, loss of control is not a major issue as it often is when using cloud infrastructure or applications.

Typical applications for PaaS

Providing a hosted environment for application development and testing is one of the most common uses for PaaS. But it is hardly the only reason why enterprises use PaaS.

Research firm Gartner cites a variety of use cases for PaaS, including:

  • API development and management. Companies can use PaaS to develop, run, manage, and secure application programming interfaces and microservices. This includes the creation of new APIs and new interfaces for existing APIs, as well as end-to-end API management.
  • Business analytics/intelligence. Tools provided via PaaS let enterprises analyze their data to find business insights and patterns of behavior so they can make better decisions and more accurately predict future events such as market demand for products,
  • Business process management (BPM). Organizations can use PaaS to access a BPM platform delivered as a service as with other cloud offerings. BPM suites integrate IT components needed for process management, including data, business rules, and service-level agreements.
  • Communications. PaaS can also serve as a delivery mechanisms for communications platforms. This allows developers to add communications features such as voice, video, and messaging to applications.
  • Databases. A PaaS provider can deliver services such as setting up and maintaining an organization’s database. Research firm Forrester Research defines database PaaS as “an on-demand, secure, and scalable self-service database platform that automates provisioning and administration of databases and can be used by developers and non-technical personnel.”
  • Internet of things. IoT is expected to be a big part of PaaS usage in the coming years, supporting the wide range of application environments and programming languages and tools that various IoT deployments will use.
  • Master data management (MDM). This covers the processes, governance, policies, standards, and tools that manage the critical business data an enterprise owns, providing a single point of reference for data. Such data might include reference data such as information about customer transactions, and analytical data to support decision making.

PaaS technologies and providers

PaaS includes multiple underlying cloud infrastructure components, including servers, networking equipment, operating systems, storage, middleware, and databases. All of these are owned and operated by the service provider.

PaaS also includes resources such as development tools, programming languages, libraries, database management systems. and other tools from the provider.

Among the leading PaaS vendors are Amazon Web Services, Microsoft, Google, IBM,, Red Hat, Mendix, and Heroku. Most widely used languages, libraries, containers, and related tools are available on all the major PaaS providers’ clouds.

It’s no accident that several of these are also leading providers of software development tools. Gartner estimates there are about 200 PaaS providers today.

PaaS risks

Given that PaaS is a cloud-based service, it comes with many of the same inherent risks that other cloud offerings have, such as information security threats. PaaS is based on the concept of using shared resources such as networks and servers, so the security risks include placing critical data into this environment and having they data stolen due to unauthorized access or attacks by hackers or other bad actors.

On the other hand, the major cloud providers have been more effective at warding off such breaches than the typical enterprise datacenter, so the information security risk has not proven to be what many in IT initially feared.

With PaaS, enterprises are beholden to service providers building appropriate access controls and other security provisions and policies into their infrastructures and operations. Enterprises are also responsible for providing their own security protections for their applications.

Also, because organizations are relying on a particular service provider’s infrastructure and software, there is a potential problem of vendor lockinwith PaaS environments. A legitimate question for IT to ask is will the PaaS it chooses interoperate with its current and future IaaS and SaaS deployments?

Another risk with PaaS is when the service provider’s infrastructure experiences downtime for whatever reason, and the impact that might have on services. Also, what if the provider makes changes in its development strategy, programming languages, or in other areas?

Don’t expect these possible hurdles to keep you from taking the plunge into PaaS. It provides more flexibility precisely because the vendor handles the platforms while you handle the programming.

This story, “What is PaaS? Software development in the cloud” was originally published by InfoWorld.

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Credits : Cornellsun

Credits : Cornellsun

Amid the customary difficulties that come with first semester of freshman year at Cornell, Abu Qader ’21 has an added responsibility: running his own company out of North Campus.

Qader is the cofounder and chief technology officer of the software company Glialab, whose models aid in detection of cancerous tumors.

Glialab began two years ago when in 10th grade, Qader won his Chicago high school’s computer science fair. The software that he developed for the fair then went on to become the basis of his company.

When he began working on the project, Qader’s intentions did not lie far beyond just winning the science fair. However, now Qader’s software can be used to aid a radiologist in the earlier detection of breast cancer tumors.

Qader said he has a vision for the company as something that has the potential to do “a world of good.”

Just three weeks into his first semester of college, Qader has adjusted to the college lifestyle but acknowledges that there are certain challenges to running his company here.

However, in balancing between the company and college, Qader maintains that he is here at Cornell to go to school first.

“I’m here to learn and grow as an individual, but I also want to devote time to the company because I think it’s crucial that I do that, it has become a part of who I am,” he said.

Qader said he used to enjoy the luxury of a high schooler’s schedule in which he could “go through a six hour binge of doing work for the company, or writing an algorithm,” he said.

Now with managing a full course-load and the other demands of college life, Qader said he “[has] to be a bit more cautious because that means I probably don’t get that three-hour problem set done.”

Regarding his goals for the future of his company, Qader said he does not intend for his software to replace radiologists but to work in tandem with them.

“We’ve noticed in multiple research papers — an AI [Artificial Intelligence] system by itself versus a human radiologist by themselves versus an AI system plus a human radiologist  — of the three, the AI system plus the human radiologist will always make the better decisions,” Qader said. “They’re almost never wrong.”    

Among his main concerns include “staying in the loop” with his company, still located in Chicago, but technology has made geographical separation bearable.

“When the majority of the team is located in Chicago and someone’s here in Ithaca, I feel like there is a disconnect, but modern technology makes it a bit easier to cope with that,” he said.

Marketing a product in the healthcare arena is very different from goods and service industries. Glialab is currently seeking partnerships with universities and hospitals to conduct further testing aimed at making the software as accurate as possible.

“When you’re in healthcare a 1 percent decrease in accuracy means that a couple thousand people are going to be affected,” he said.

Qader’s personal end goal for Glialab is having an impact in countries without the healthcare funding or educational infrastructure necessary to produce great hospitals and radiologists. Abu believes that healthcare is a right and that refusing treatment based on status is placing a dollar value on human life.   

“The end goal for me personally — which I think we’re heading to very fast, which I am pretty excited about — is taking what we’re building and applying it in a manner where anyone from anywhere regardless of race or gender can come and use our service without having to worry about financial repercussions,” Qader said.

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